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Prepositional Infinitives in Romance

Schulte, Kim

Prepositional Infinitives in Romance

A Usage-Based Approach to Syntactic Change

Series: Studies in Historical Linguistics - Volume 3

Year of Publication: 2007

Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien, 2007. 409 pp.
ISBN 978-3-03911-327-9 pb.  (Softcover)

Weight: 0.600 kg, 1.323 lbs

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Book synopsis

This book examines the present-day distribution and diachronic evolution of a set of infinitival structures in Spanish, Portuguese and Romanian, making use of extensive corpus data and investigating how pragmatic factors and usage patterns interact with syntax. After a contrastive account of the patterns of clausal subordination in Latin and Romance, the rise of prepositional infinitives is traced through the documented history of the three languages, revealing astonishing parallels in their development. The analysis of the data shows how cognitive principles such as reanalysis and entrenchment combine with parameters such as relevance and usage frequency to cause syntactic change. Beyond providing a genuine explanation for the observed processes in the Romance languages, this study offers new evidence for the existence of language-independent, cross-linguistically applicable principles and mechanisms in language change.

Contents

Contents: Comparative Romance Linguistics; Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian – Historical syntax – Cognitive, usage-based approach to linguistic change – Corpus-based diachronic analyses – Infinitival constructions: distribution, usage patterns; the interface between syntax, pragmatics and semantics – Explanations for emergence and expansion of prepositional infinitive clauses.

About the author(s)/editor(s)

The Author: Kim Schulte lectures in Spanish and Romance linguistics at the University of Exeter. After studying Modern Languages and Linguistics at Cambridge, he spent a year at the University of Bucharest before returning to Cambridge to undertake doctoral studies in Romance historical linguistics. In 2006, he worked as a visiting researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, investigating links between patterns of language usage and cross-linguistically common syntactic changes. His research areas include syntactic and phonological change, comparative Romance linguistics, language contact, as well as cognitive and construction grammar.

Series

Studies in Historical Linguistics. Vol. 3
Edited by Graeme Davis, Karl A. Bernhardt and Mark Garner