Palayret, Jean-Marie / Wallace, Helen / Winand, Pascaline (eds.)
Visions, Votes and Vetoes
The Empty Chair Crisis and the Luxembourg Compromise Forty Years On
Year of Publication: 2006
Bruxelles, Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien, 2006. 339 pp., 5 fig.
ISBN 978-90-5201-031-1 pb. (Softcover)
Weight: 0.470 kg, 1.036 lbs
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The empty chair crisis of 1965, resolved in the Luxembourg Compromise of 1966, forms part of the dramatic past of the European Union, and is for many a turning-point in European political integration. This volume, based on new research, revisits these events. It sheds fresh light on the mixed motives of the principal member states, European institutions and third-country actors, and identifies the shadows cast over subsequent legal and political practice. The book results from a collaborative project among historians, lawyers, and political scientists. It draws on new archival material and on many insights from practitioners, both some involved in the events of 1965-66 and others engaged in subsequent negotiations in the Council of the EU. Traces of these events persist in the consensus-oriented culture in the Council, where a concern to avoid sharply polarised confrontation limits recourse to active voting, even though the formal use of qualified majority voting has been greatly extended. Arguments over agricultural policy, the EU budget and world trade negotiations thus continue to provide occasions for some member states to insist on their 'very important interests'.
This book stems from a co-funded project of the Fondation Paul-Henri Spaak in Brussels and of the European University Institute and the Historical Archives of the European Union in Florence.
Contents: Etienne Davignon: Foreword - Helen Wallace/Pascaline Winand: The Empty Chair Crisis and the Luxembourg Compromise Revisited - Jean-Marie Palayret: De Gaulle Challenges the Community: France, the Empty Chair Crisis and the Luxembourg Compromise - N. Piers Ludlow: De-Commissioning the Empty Chair Crisis: The Community Institutions and the Crisis of 1965-66 - Antonio Varsori: 'The Economy First'? Italy and the Empty Chair Crisis (1965-66) - Henning Türk: 'To Face de Gaulle as a Community': The Role of the Federal Republic of Germany during the Empty Chair Crisis - Anjo G. Harryvan: A Successful Defence of the Communitarian Model? The Netherlands and the Empty Chair Crisis - Étienne Deschamps: 'More than Honest Brokers'? Belgium, Luxembourg and the Empty Chair Crisis (1965-66) - Pascaline Winand: Kennedy's Atlantic Partnership, the EEC Empty Chair Crisis and the French/NATO Problem - Lucia Coppolaro: The Empty Chair Crisis and the Kennedy Round of GATT Negotiations (1962-67) - Pierre Pescatore: The 'Luxembourg Compromise' (28-29 January 1966) - Julio Baquero Cruz: The Luxembourg Compromise from a Legal Perspective: Constitutional Convention, Legal History or Political Myth? - Jonathan Golub: Did the Luxembourg Compromise Have Any Consequences? - Fiona Hayes-Renshaw/Helen Wallace: Changing the Course of European Integration - or Not?
About the author(s)/editor(s)
The Editors: Jean-Marie Palayret is Director of the Historical Archives of the European Union, which are based at the European University Institute.
Helen Wallace is Director of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies at the European University Institute.
Pascaline Winand is Professor of History in the Department of History and Civilisation at the European University Institute.
European Policy. Vol. 34
General Editor: Pascaline Winand