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Biology of Cognition and Linguistic Analysis

Kravchenko, Alexander

Biology of Cognition and Linguistic Analysis

From Non-Realist Linguistics to a Realistic Language Science

Year of Publication: 2008

Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien, 2008. 304 pp., num. fig. and tables
ISBN 978-3-631-56647-3 pb.  (Softcover)

Weight: 0.400 kg, 0.882 lbs

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Book synopsis

This book is an attempt to re-evaluate some basic assumptions about language, communication, and cognition in the light of the new epistemology of autopoiesis as the theory of the living. Starting with a critique of common myths about language and communication, the author goes on to argue for a new understanding of language and cognition as functional adaptive activities in a consensual domain of interactions. He shows that such understanding is, in fact, what marks a variety of theoretical and empirical frameworks in contemporary non-Cartesian cognitive science; thus, cognitive science is in the process of working out new epistemological foundations for the study of language and cognition. In Part Two, the traditional concept of grammar is reassessed from the vantage point of autopoietic epistemology, and an analysis of specific grammatical phenomena in English and Russian is undertaken, revealing common cognitive mechanisms at work in linguistic categories.

Contents

Contents: Myths linguistics lives by – Toward a realistic language science – Autopoiesis and linguistic analysis – Speech, writing, and cognition: whence the communicative dysfunction? – Grammar and cognition – Aspect: where Russian and English meet – Interpreting linguistic structure: how we know who does what when – Nominal gender: a case from Russian.

About the author(s)/editor(s)

The Author: Alexander Kravchenko is Chair of the English Department at Baikal National University of Economics and Law (BNUEL), Russia. His research interests include the biology of language and cognition, semiotics, cognitive grammar, and applied cognitive linguistics (EFL/TESOL).