Bonfield, Christopher / Reinarz, Jonathan / Huguet-Termes, Teresa (eds)
Hospitals and Communities, 1100-1960
Year of Publication: 2013
Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien, 2013. 430 pp., 32 b/w ill., 12 tables
ISBN 978-3-0343-0244-9 pb. (Softcover)
Weight: 0.620 kg, 1.367 lbs
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Published by Peter Lang in 2007, The Impact of Hospitals 300-2000 (ed. Henderson, Horden and Pastore) comprised a selection of the papers delivered at two conferences (in 1999 and 2001) that were organised by the International Network for the History of Hospitals (INHH). The present volume, based on the Network’s 2009 Barcelona conference, offers a new, wide-ranging collection of papers on the theme of ‘Hospitals and Communities’. It discusses a select group of hospitals and communities, including those based in Europe and the Americas, from three main perspectives: isolation and disease, communities and the poor, and war and hospitals.
The subject of community has been researched extensively by sociologists and anthropologists, less so by historians. The 2009 conference challenged participants to consider the idea of community in relationship to the hospital and, particularly, to reflect on how historians should approach the wide range of communities that continue to be shaped by the work of these institutions. Collectively, the case studies in this volume demonstrate that navigation of the history of hospitals requires an understanding of the societies in which these institutions operated. In other words, hospital histories are not just stories about medical institutions; they offer considerable insight into the communities in which they were situated and with which they intersected.
Contents: Jonathan Reinarz/Christopher Bonfield/Teresa Huguet-Termes: Introduction: Hospitals and Communities – John Henderson: ‘More Feared than Death Itself ’? Isolation Hospitals and Plague in Seventeenth-Century Florence – Jane Stevens Crawshaw: ‘Islands of Isolation?’ The lazaretti of Early Modern Venice – Rafaël Hyacinthe: ‘Living for the Dead of Jerusalem’: Medical Isolation and Holy Deeds in the leprosarium of Jerusalem during the Crusades – Rita Pemberton: Isolation and Disease: The Separation of Patients in the Hospitals of Trinidad and Tobago, 1876-1938 – Carole Rawcliffe: Communities of the Living and of the Dead: Hospital Confraternities in the Later Middle Ages – Teresa Huguet-Termes: Pensandi, curandi, et visitandi infirmos et pauperes: Hospital(s), Health and Politics in Barcelona, c. 1337-1417 – Josep M. Comelles: Hospitals, Political Economy and Catalan Cultural Identity – Laurinda Abreu: The Portuguese Hospitals under the Misericórdias’ Confraternities (16th-18th Centuries): Community or Crown Control? – Carmen M. Mangion: ‘Meeting a Well-Known Want’: Catholic Specialist Hospitals for Long-Term Medical Care in Late Nineteenth-Century England and Wales – Debbie McCollin: Chacachacare: The Island of Lepers, 1922-1979 – Stephen Kenny: Slave Hospitals in the Antebellum American South – Jon Arrizabalaga/Pablo Larraz-Andía/Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez: Between Medical Innovation and War Propaganda: The Irache Hospital during the Second Carlist War, 1873-1876 – Peter Waldron: Health and Hospitals in Russia during World War I – Christopher Bonfield: An Online Community: A Case Study of the 3D Reconstruction and Web-Based Guide to the Great Hospital, Norwich.
About the author(s)/editor(s)
Christopher Bonfield is an E-Learning Resources Developer at Bishop Grosseteste University (Lincoln). Before this he was a Knowledge Transfer Partnership Associate at the University of Hull and a temporary Lecturer in Medieval History and Knowledge Transfer at the University of East Anglia. He is the Secretariat of the INHH. His current research focuses on creating interactive websites and computer models for historical buildings and landscapes.
Jonathan Reinarz is Director and Reader at the History of Medicine Unit, University of Birmingham. He has published on healthcare in Birmingham and the history of hospitals more generally. His main research concentrates on the history of medical institutions and medical education.
Teresa Huguet-Termes is an Honorary Research Fellow at the History of Medicine Unit (School of Health and Population Sciences), University of Birmingham. She has written on hospital care and on health and medicine in Hapsburg Spain. She is currently researching a comparative history of the hospitals of the Crown of Aragon, France and England from 1300 to 1700, focusing on care as related to issues such as public health and environment.