Theoretical and Methodological Bases
Edited By Adam Biela
This book shows what kind of theoretical and methodological bases should pertain to contemporary job analysis. The authors describe the European Questionnaire for Job Analysis as a new psychometric and econometric tool to measure the specific job requirements for work efficiency in the particular job positions in a company. Job analysis is primarily an object of interest in work and industrial psychology. However, currently there is an increasing number of interdisciplinary researchers, that is psychologists collaborating with economists, sociologists and other social science representatives, on work position analysis. The attractiveness of such research projects lies both in their theoretical and methodological mutual enrichments of collaborating psychologists and economists as well as in the subsequently increasing work efficiency and job satisfaction of the persons employed on the particular work positions.
1.2. Psychometric and Econometric Rationales for the Job Analysis Instruments and Their Practical Implications (Czesław Noworol)
1.2. Psychometric and Econometric Rationales for the Job Analysis Instruments and Their Practical Implications
Abstract: The chapter focuses on job analysis from the perspective of measurement instruments, its psychometric background, and econometric rationale in relation to the European Questionnaire of Job Analysis. The idea presented here is not to deliberate on mathematical models but, instead, introduce simple statistical formulas which can be useful in job evaluation.
We want to focus on job analysis from the perspective of measurement instruments, their psychometric backgrounds, and econometric rationales. Thus, we need first to consider what we mean by job analysis instruments in general and the European Questionnaire of Job Analysis (EQJA) in particular. Next, we want to understand what are the psychometric requirements for job analysis instruments and in what sense the EQJA can be considered as the basis to develop econometric models.
Job analysis is a process to identify, establish, and document the particular job duties and requirements in detail and its relative importance for the particular job or work stand. Job analysis is a process to determine the job affiliation of employment procedures such as selection, compensation, training, and performance appraisal, in which judgments are made about data collected on the job (Prien, Goodstein, Goodstein, Gamble, 2009). Hence, job analysis is a process dedicated to job and not workers, individuals. This most important concept underpinning work stand analysis done by EQJA focuses the exploration to be conducted about the job,...
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