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Landscape Considerations in Spatial Planning

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Ingrid Belčáková, László Miklós, Anna Špinerová, Andrea Diviaková, Erika Kočická and Eliška Belaňová

The landscape is a vital spatial and material frame for our natural and man-made environment and is considered by many stakeholders to be one of the most important aspects of a healthy, enjoyable life. This book deals with the current trends in the theory of the integration of landscape aspects in spatial planning and development processes.

The authors discuss the need for integrated land use planning, landscape planning and impact assessment, and explore landscape consideration practice in European countries, with a special focus on Slovakia. Information about landscape decision-making approaches and cases illustrates current practice and lessons from experience, providing baseline material for landscape academic forum, members of the public and professionals in spatial development making: planners, designers, architects, engineers and others.

This practice-oriented and up-to-date monograph is a sourcebook and reference guide to key trends, issues of and approaches to sustainable spatial development in European countries.

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1 Background

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Background

Ingrid Belčáková, László Miklós

Land use is determined on one side by the attributes of natural components, which represent a specific offer for a human. On the other side, land use is determined by requirements, demands, capacities and overall possibilities for the society. The requirements, demands as well as the overall possibilities change in the course of time (change of human conditions, change of priorities, change of ownership, change in technologies, etc.). What was once a luxurious commodity became an essential one. The change in the demands and requirements of the human society cyclically appears in changed forms and intensity of landscape use. On the other side, the changes can be caused by the repercussion of the natural environment against a specific land use, if it becomes unsustainable; e.g. improper land use can cause or potentially accelerate the natural risks and hazards, which take part in the change of landscape structure and land use. Often, changes within the society that potentially affect landscape are much faster and variable in comparison with the sustained natural process of landscape development (Izakovičová, 2012).

Many European countries have faced substantial socio-economic changes in the recent period, which are also reflected in the environmental area. Political regimes changed in some European countries from the central socialist planning policy to the market-driven economy; markets opened and established contacts not only in the European but also the world context. Accession of new member states to the...

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