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Rewriting Academia

The Development of the Anglicist Women’s and Gender Studies of Continental Europe

Edited By Renate Haas

From a historical perspective, the full academic establishment of Women’s and Gender Studies is a radical and far-reaching innovation. Decisive impulses have come from the United States, the European unification and globalization. European Women’s and Gender Studies are therefore intimately linked to the English language and Anglophone cultures, as the near untranslatability of «gender» shows. In this volume 25 experts present surveys for their countries with a historical and European contextualization and offer fundamental insights not only for English Studies but also various other disciplines.
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B. National Surveys

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Southern Europe Ana Gabriela Macedo / Margarida Esteves Pereira Women’s and Gender Studies in Portugal: An Overview from an Anglicist Perspective 1. Introduction Feminism signifies a set of positions, not an essence; a critical practice not a doxa; a dynamic and self- critical response and intervention not a platform. It is the precarious product of a paradox. Seeming to speak in the name of women, feminist analysis per- petually deconstructs the very term around which it is politically organized. (Griselda Pollock, Generations and Geographies in the Visual Arts: Feminist Readings, 1996, ‘Introd’.) Dear sisters: But what is the power of literature? Or rather: what is the power of words? […] Which time? Our time. And which weapon, which weapon do we use or neglect? Where do we seek shelter or which is our struggle if only in the realm of words? (Maria Isabel Barreno / Maria Teresa Horta / Maria Velho da Costa, Novas Cartas Portuguesas, 1972)1 The authors of this essay both teach and have been doing collaborative re- search within a Department of Anglo-American Studies (Faculty of Arts and Humanities) in a Portuguese University (Universidade do Minho, Braga, the north of the country), where the teaching of feminism and gender studies has an important role to play, both as a critical methodology indispensable amongst other recent critical and hermeneutical approaches to the text (be it strictly literary or otherwise visual, i.e., painting, film, performance, etc.), 1 Our translation. ‘Minhas irmãs: Mas o que pode a literatura? Ou...

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