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Aesthetics in Sartre and Camus. The Challenge of Freedom

Translated by Catherine Atkinson


Heiner Wittmann

Aesthetics in Sartre and Camus examines the ideas on aesthetics expressed in the oeuvres of the two French authors. The dispute that arose following the publication of Camus’ L’homme révolté and Sartre’s criticism of Camus’ book culminated in the break up of their friendship in 1952, thereby underlining the differences in the authors’ thinking. But by observing the function and significance of art and freedom in their works, fundamental correspondences and areas of agreement are revealed in Sartre’s and Camus’ writings and are analysed in the present study.
Contents: Sartre and the arts: Wols and the blue phantom - From the portrait studies to theory - The method of portraiture - Sculptures and mobiles: From Giacometti to Calder - Tintoretto and the «school of vision» - The intellectual is a suspicious person – Albert Camus. Art and Morals: Albert Camus: In search of morals - Art as an answer to the absurd - Morals and revolt - Art as a moral obligation - Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre.