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A Brief History of International Relations

The World Made Easy

Kathleen Brush

The world does not need to be complex and confusing. It can be made simpler so that the business, political, social, and economic implications of global news briefs beaming across televisions and electronic devices can be easily grasped. Key to this is knowing that a five-hundred-year competition for global supremacy between the Chinese, European, Islamic, and Russian empires only ended in 1945. When it did, the world had 57 independent nations. After all empires were dissolved in 1991, there were 193, and each nation carried histories of empires in the form of conquest, religions followed, languages practiced, diversified populations, repressive rule, and histories of discrimination. A Brief History of International Relations: The World Made Easy explores this history of global conflict to contextualize and simplify the often perplexing relations between nations and empires.

Introduction — Section I. Introduction: The Era of Empire — Islamic Empires — The European Empires — The Russian Empire — The Chinese Empire — The United States — WWI and WWII — The Aftermaths of Empire—An Introduction — Political Systems: Aftermaths of Empire — The Presence of Religions: Aftermaths of Empire — Increasing Diversity and Discrimination: Aftermaths of Empire — Borders—Increasing Diversity: Aftermaths of Empire — Social Hierarchies—Institutionalizing Discrimination: Aftermaths of Empire — Gender Discrimination: Aftermaths of Empire — Language: Aftermaths of Empire — The Rise of Inter-Governmental Organizations: Aftermaths of Empire — Wars Winners and Losers: Aftermaths of Empire — Postscripts: Aftermaths of Empire — Undoing Empire — Epilogue — Section II. The Era of Nation-States: Becoming Nation-States — Sub-Saharan Africa — The Middle East and North Africa — South Asia — Southeast Asia — Eastern Asia — Central Asia — Eastern Europe — Central Europe — Western Europe — Latam — English-Speaking North America — Oceania — Conclusion — Appendices — Appendix A: Countries by Region — Appendix B: Designations for Groups of Countries — Index.