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At the Origins of German Liberalism: the State in the Thought of Robert von Mohl

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Paweł Lesiński

The main task of this book is to deliver an in-depth analysis of the idea of the state in the reflection of Robert von Mohl (1799–1875). This German liberal scholar and politician developed comprehensive theory of the state, which combined both absolutist and liberal trendencies. In the book, Von Mohl’s political philosophy is depicted against the backdrop of the sociopolitical situation of German states in the nineteenth century.The main focus of the book is one of von Mohl’s most important intelectual achievements, namely – the concept of Rechstaat. In conclusion, the author draws similarities between various von Mohl’s ideas and the situation of contemporary legal institutions in Germany and Poland.

Robert von Mohl and his era – Introductory concepts for the idea of the state – The idea of the state and its diversity – The legal state in theory and action  – The power and representation in the state – The current value of von Mohl’s views in the context of contemporary legal institutions in Poland and Germany