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Platωn’s Reality, Baudrillard’s Nostalgia

The Oὐσία, the ’Pataphysical Atopos, and Postmodern Made Spaces

Anastasia Nicéphore

Platωn establishes the principle that literature should cut through the notion of an ideal truth rather than be used as a vehicle for subjective visions and aesthetic tropes by those claiming to be ‘artists.’ To engage with this centrality of human consciousness means to integrate a single source of origin: a Platωnic "οὐσία." Contemporary hermeneutics draw upon perceptions that the origin is elliptic in postmodern and continental philosophical trains of thought. Moreover, much obscurity arises from Platωn’s own insistence on over-emphasis, and what some philosophers and philologists would consider ‘taut tautology’—which leaves vast amounts of passages in Pre-Socratic manuscripts and Platωnic dialogues open to speculation and subjectivity. Philosophical debates center on the incapability of pinpointing truth, the real, or some definitive and/or tangible self-referential core within an age of pluralism and uncertainty. For this reason, students and scholars in literary theory and postmodern philosophy can gain much from clarifying these ubiquitous areas.Through comparative constructs, the nature of the novel, its evolution over time and inclusion of postmodernist technologies, cyber-capitalism, and accompanying symbols, bring us to question the real and human exigency. Could it be that "unlimited experimentation," a kind of ’pataphysical atopos within and upon a text warrants an aesthetic surface that construes a morally heinous environment? Jean Baudrillard probes this concept by vivifying that a lack of substance—an "exponential instability"—is invariably transmuting into an altogether absent entity. Within this displacement, this book juxtaposes Platωnic exegesis of the real—the "οὐσία"—and Baudrillardian aporia into current modes of reality for a body politic in acceleration.

Preface – Acknowledgements A Note on Translations Prooímion Platωn’s Reality, Baudrillard’s Nostalgia – Platωn’s Oὐσία: The Paradox of the Forms – Platωn Is Dead: Romanticist Interludes to the Οὐσία – Jarry’s ’Pataphysics – Baudrillard’s Nostalgia in an Age of Global Acceleration – Baudrillard’s In Vacuo and the Autistic Body Politic – Žižek, Somnambulance, and a Walk through the Desert of the Real Epilogue Thanatos of the Οὐσία? – Index of Greek Lexicon Index.