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Patricia Medcalf

1959 to 1999 was a pivotal time in the Republic of Ireland’s short history. This book’s journey commences in 1959 when the country had just taken its first steps on the road to internationalization. It concludes 40 years later in 1999, by which time Ireland had metamorphosed into one of the most globalized countries in the world. Inevitably, many of the country’s cultural and societal norms were challenged. The author charts many of the changes that occurred over the course of those years by piecing together a large number of the ads held in the Guinness Archive. Just as Irishness, cultural specificity and the provenance of Guinness formed an integral part of these ads, so too did the growing prevalence of international cultural tropes. The book seeks to interrogate the following: the influence of the Guinness brand’s provenance on advertising campaigns aimed at consumers living in Ireland; the evolution of cultural signs used in Guinness’s advertising campaigns aimed at consumers in Ireland between 1959 and 1999; the extent to which Ireland’s social and economic history might be recounted through the lens of Guinness’s ads; the extent to which Guinness’s advertising might have influenced Irish culture and society.

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Aufbruch in die Moderne

Die Bedeutung des Ersten Weltkriegs für die Neugestaltung der internationalen Staatenwelt

Edited by Christoph Koch

Der Sammelband vereinigt Beiträge der gleichnamigen Tagung, die im Oktober 2018 unter Beteiligung von Historikern aus drei Kontinenten an der Freien Universität Berlin stattfand. Sie behandeln die Auswirkungen des Ersten Weltkriegs, der den Zusammenbruch der Kaiserreiche und des Sultanats zeitigte, den besiegten Staaten das Ende des Feudalstaats brachte und das Geschick ihrer Völker in die Hände eines seit langem erstarkten Bürgertums oder wenigstens einer am westlichen Vorbild orientierten Gesellschaftsschicht legte. Den Aufbruch in die Moderne hatte die russische Oktoberrevolution vorweggenommen, die Siegern und Besiegten eine alternative Gesellschaftsordnung entgegenstellte. Die Konkurrenz der Gesellschaftsordnungen bestimmte, bald heiß, bald kalt, das 20. Jahrhundert, und zeitigte den Aufstieg der USA zur wirtschaftlich überlegenen Weltmacht. Am Ende des Jahrhunderts ist das sozialistische Lager untergegangen und das kapitalistische befindet sich in einer Krise, die nicht nur das eigene Überdauern, sondern durch die zunehmende Wahrscheinlichkeit kriegerischer Auseinandersetzungen und das Damoklesschwert des Klimawandels die Fortexistenz der Menschheit in Frage stellt. Der Aufbruch in die Moderne war mithin kein Erfolgsmodell, und sein Scheitern setzt die Frage nach einer Alternative mit anhaltender Dringlichkeit auf die Tagesordnung.

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Combinatoires ludiques

littérature, contrainte et mathématique

Caroline Lebrec

Au sein des études ludiques, les théoriciens insistent davantage sur l’aspect social du jeu (Caillois, Huizinga), faisant un peu vite de la littérature ludique un acte gratuit ou encore une simple forme de divertissement (Genette). Le jeu dont il est question ici est de l’ordre du construit et de la configuration, dans la lignée de l’approche philosophique de Jacques Henriot et dans la plus grande tradition mathématique. Notre corpus est constitué de deux textes combinatoires fondateurs de l’Ouvroir de Littérature Potentielle, Cent mille milliards de poèmes de Raymond Queneau et Le château des destins croisés d’Italo Calvino. Leur nature combinatoire, dont l’absence de linéarité demande au lecteur de faire des choix et des hypothèses, est un défi au labyrinthe, qui est ici analysé selon le potentiel reconfigurateur du sonnet sur les modes de l’interaction physique du lecteur avec le texte et du texte avec l’objet-livre pour le texte quenien, et selon le potentiel interprétatif du lecteur sur les modes de l’embranchement et de la réécriture pour le texte calvinien. Le champ des littératures à contraintes est constitué majoritairement de modèles de lecture cryptanalytique qui privilégient les textes avec une modalité implicite (Wagner) de métatextualisation de la contrainte. Au contraire, cette étude s'intéresse à la modalité ergodique empruntée à la cybernétique (Aarseth), qui met en place une rhétorique de la contrainte (Reggiani, Thomas) servant un projet plus vaste de lisibilité du texte combinatoire.

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De/constructing Literacies

Considerations for Engagement

Amélie Lemieux

De/constructing Literacies: Considerations for Engagement reviews and defines the concept of engagement in literacy studies from different epistemologies. Well-suited for literacy researchers and graduate students, it considers the foundations of arts-based research, cognitive psychology, ethnography, phenomenology, posthuman theories, with a final chapter on walking methodologies, to better understand how engagement can be framed and looked at in literacy studies.

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Fake News

Real Issues in Modern Communication

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Edited by Russell Chun and Susan J. Drucker

In this dizzying post-truth, post-fact, fake news era, the onslaught and speed of potentially untrue, incorrect or fabricated information (some crafted and weaponized, some carelessly shared), can cause a loss of our intellectual bearings. If we fail to have a common truthful basis for discussions of opinion and policy, the integrity of our democracy is at risk.

This up-to-date anthology is designed to provide a survey of technological, ethical, and legal issues raised by falsehoods, particularly social media misinformation. The volume explores visual and data dissemination, business practices, international perspectives and case studies. With misinformation and misleading information being propagated using a variety of media such as memes, data, charts, photos, tweets, posts, and articles, an understanding of the theory, mechanisms, and changing communication landscape is essential to move in the right direction with academic, industry, and government initiatives to inoculate ourselves from the dangers of fake news. The book takes an international and multidisciplinary approach with contributions from media studies, journalism, computer science, the law, and communication, making it distinct among books on fake news.

This book is essential for graduate or undergraduate students in courses dealing with fake news and communication studies. Relevant courses include media studies, journalism, public relations, media ethics, media law, social media, First Amendment law, philosophy, and political science.

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David Manning

Forthcoming.
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Edited by David Manning

This new book series will show that a critical understanding of religious pluralism in the past is of vital significance to debates about identity, diversity, and co-existence in the present. Studies will focus on using a historical perspective to address one of three key themes in the period between 1500 and 2000 CE: intra-religious pluralism; inter-religious pluralism; or, religion, secularism, and the nation state. Within this frame of reference, constructive contrasts between a wide range of foci, approaches, and viewpoints will be keenly encouraged. The series will champion established lines of research in political, social, cultural, and gendered histories of religious pluralism – e.g. studies on liberty, persecution, and toleration – whilst also encouraging novel ways of transcending a scholarly discourse which is dominated by ideologies and methodologies derived from the social sciences – e.g. by studies on the theological and literary dimensions of conflict, cohesion, and community. The series will embrace scholarship on subjects from any part of the world. European and extra-European perspectives that complement traditional Anglo-American thinking are particularly welcome.

As the ‘global turn’ continues to energize new types of enquiry, the series will also seek to advance studies of indigenous and displaced religious groups. With this scope there is a reflexive acknowledgement that the rationale for and defining concepts of the series are grounded in a ‘western’ intellectual tradition; however, this should serve as a challenge to prospective authors to pioneer new dialogues between ‘western’ and ‘non-western’ approaches and foci, or even surpass the dichotomy altogether. An emphasis will be given to promoting the best research of early career scholars from around the world, whilst also giving more established academics the opportunity to develop their multimedia policy-orientated work – e.g. podcasts, blogs, talks, press briefings, reports for thinktanks, governments, and public agencies etc. – into a book that would engage peers and students alike.

In association with Cambridge Institute on Religion and International Studies

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Patrick Leung

The book offers new perspectives on the history of China’s late imperial period and presents a much-needed novel explanation for China’s stagnation and decline in recent centuries. It begins by questioning all the conventional wisdom on the factors behind China’s relative lack of progress and subsequent decline since the 15th century and follows with a fresh interpretation of China’s past. The new vantage points provide insights into China’s resurgence in recent decades and its significance for other nations. The book also makes projections on the general direction that China’s future evolution is likely to take with respect to its market economy, rule of law and representative institutions.

The author aims to deepen international understanding of China’s past and present which will hopefully facilitate the development of more productive relationships between China and other nations. The book is written so that it appeals to students, academics as well as the general public and whoever is interested in gaining a better understanding of China’s rapid rise today. The book is relevant to third and fourth year undergraduate courses in history, economics, international relations, law and political science. It can be used as a text book for upper class core or elective courses in history and economics and as a reference book for upper class courses in international relations, law and political science. It can also serve as a reference book for graduate students in the above disciplines.

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The Palmström Syndrome

Mass Murder and Motivation A Study of Reluctance

Dick W. de Mildt

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Realizing Greater Britain

The South African Constabulary and the Imperial Imposition of the Modern State, 1900−1914

Series:

Scott C. Spencer

In anticipation of victory over the two Boer republics in the South African War (1899–1902), British imperial policymakers formed the South African Constabulary (SAC, 1900–1908) to lead reconstruction efforts. Uniquely, policymakers injected two goals of imperial management into the force and its 10,000 men, recruited from the British Isles and settler colonies: integrate the conquered territories into the British Empire and foster an imperial-national adherence to a Greater Britain. Following the war, offi cers and constables attracted the Boers to the empire by suppressing Africans more thoroughly, consistently and systematically than their prior regimes ever had. While some SAC men remained in South Africa following their service, most carried their enhanced white, imperial-national allegiances to the Isles, empire and beyond.

Combining traditional archival with innovative digital research, this book narrates global integration and imperial governance through individuals, from Boy Scout founder Robert Baden-Powell and imperialist Alfred Milner to Canadian Mountie Sam Steele, Irish doctor Edward Garraway and, foremost, thousands of SAC men. The author argues that opportunistic British agents carried the apparatus of the coercive, legible and bureaucratic modern state across the British Isles, the empire and the world, leaving challenging legacies for successor governments and former subjects to confront.