Browse by title

You are looking at 131 - 140 of 65,546 items for

  • All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

Theodore Sabo

Origins of Eastern Christian Mysticism asserts that the thinkers between Basil of Caesarea and Symeon the New Theologian were important mainly for their role in the formation of Hesychasm, a fourteenth-century mystical movement in the Eastern church. The book surveys previous research on Proto-Hesychasm and sets forth eight Hesychastic trends in its practitioners: monasticism, dark and light mysticism, and an emphasis on the heart, theōsis, the humanity of Christ, penthos, and unceasing prayer.

Theodore Sabo integrates detailed and carefully researched accounts of the lives and thought of the foundational figures of Hesychasm into a compelling narrative of the movement’s origins. The Cappadocian fathers established monasticism as the predominant milieu of Proto-Hesychasm and emphasized both theōsis and dark mysticism. Dark mysticism would come into conflict with the light mysticism of their contemporary Pseudo-Macarius, but both currents would be passed on to the Hesychasts. Macarius was a seminal figure within Proto-Hesychasm, responsible for its stress on light mysticism and heart mysticism. Hesychasm itself, the author contends, emerged from two main Proto-Hesychast fonts, the philosophical (represented by such figures as Pseudo-Dionysius and Maximus the Confessor) and the ascetic (the realm of figures like John Climacus and Isaac of Nineveh). The former school transmitted to Hesychasm a virtually unacknowledged Platonism; the latter contributed to Hesychasm’s preoccupation with theōsis, penthos, and unceasing prayer, albeit from a solely monastic perspective. Finally, Symeon the New Theologian emerged as the redoubtable successor to these schools, unifying their distinct traditions in his philosophical approach.

While previous scholarship has documented the connections between Proto-Hesychasm and Hesychasm, Origins of Eastern Christian Mysticism is unique in its treatment of the Proto-Hesychasts as a distinguishable group, and as direct instigators of Hesychasm. This provocative study should be of interest to students and scholars of the late antique history of the Eastern Orthodox Church, as well as to contemporary theologians steeped in the Eastern mystical tradition.

Restricted access

Series:

Edited by Anne Castaing

Le 15 août 1947, au moment où l’Inde obtenait son indépendance, l’Asie du Sud donnait naissance à un nouvel État, le Pakistan, disloqué entre l’extrême ouest et l’extrême est du Sous-continent. Cette partition à grande échelle s’accompagna d’un exode massif des deux côtés des nouvelles frontières, donnant lieu entre communautés hindoue, musulmane et sikhe, à des massacres d’une violence inouïe perpétrés par des populations paniquées et désorientées. On parle de près d’un million de morts et de dix à douze millions de personnes déplacées, sans parler des viols, des incendies, des pillages et des dizaines de milliers de femmes kidnappées, qui entachèrent durablement l’histoire du sous-continent indien.

Il ne s’agit pas dans cet ouvrage de s’interroger sur les causes des événements tragiques de la Partition, mais plutôt d’en examiner les conséquences à long terme et de percevoir, à travers la production littéraire et artistique massive qui a suivi les années 1947-1948 et continue à la documenter et à la discuter, l’impact majeur suscité par cette fracture historique, culturelle et sociale. Cet ouvrage, composé d’articles critiques, d’entretiens et de textes littéraires en traductions inédites, propose ainsi d’examiner la Partition comme « paradigme esthétique », en identifiant tant les récurrences de sa représentation, de ses conséquences et de sa mémoire, que la variété des genres et des modes dans laquelle cette mémoire se formule. Enfin, il s’agit d’examiner les enjeux de ces représentations, tant au niveau de la culture qu’au niveau de l’Histoire et de son écriture.

Cet ouvrage, de nature inédite en France, fait écho à de nombreux travaux entrepris ces dernières décennies en Inde et dans les universités anglophones, qui visent à reconstruire l’Histoire de l’Inde au regard d’une histoire sociale et culturelle restée longtemps inexplorée.

Open access

Series:

Edited by Susanne Fuchs, Joanne Cleland and Amélie Rochet-Capellan

Learning and memory processes are basic features of human existence. They allow us to (un)consciously adapt to changes in our social and physical environment in a variety of ways and may have been a precursor for survival in human evolution. Through several reviews and original work the book focuses on three key topics that enhanced our understanding of the topic in the last twenty years: first, the role of real-time auditory feedback in learning, second, the role of motor aspects for learning and memory, and third, representations in memory and the role of sleep on memory consolidation.

Restricted access

Series:

Edited by Evelin Witruk and Dian Sari Utami

The main topics of the book are traumatic experiences, stress processing and dyslexia with some new perspectives on this old phenomenon. The authors of the book articles are from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Morocco, Sudan, Iran, Spain, Syria, Portugal, and Germany. The interdisciplinary character of this book is represented in contributions of scientists from different areas of psychology, special education, and linguistics.

Restricted access

Voices and Visions

Interviews with the Contemporary English-Language Poets of Wales

Series:

Kathryn Gray

Voices and Visions: Interviews with the Contemporary English-Language Poets of Wales captures the perspectives of key Anglophone Welsh and Wales-associated poets who have emerged in the wake of devolution and Wales’s 1997 «yes» vote – or whose career profiles and development were consolidated in its wake. The post-1997 era has been a dynamic one – notably characterised by a striking gender shift, in which women are now at the very centre of Anglophone Welsh poetics. It has also been a period in which a number of idiosyncratic younger voices have emerged and established themselves both within Wales and further afield. Compelling and candid, these interviews examine poets’ practice and preoccupations, their native and elective poetic identities, their personal insights into a changing Wales, the prevailing conditions which may have enabled them, and their place within the wider firmament of British poetics. Voices and Visions: Interviews with the Contemporary English-Language Poets of Wales is a fascinating record of play, seriousness, ambition, and local and international interests from the point of view of some of Wales’s most significant contemporary poets. Poets included: Zoë Brigley, Sarah Corbett, Jasmine Donahaye, Jonathan Edwards, Dai George, Ian Gregson, Philip Gross, Meirion Jordan, Patrick McGuinness, Pascale Petit, Deryn Rees-Jones, Gwyneth Lewis, Rhian Edwards, Zoë Skoulding, and Tiffany Atkinson.

Restricted access

Series:

Seung-In Song

The central aim of Water as an Image of the Spirit in the Johannine Literature is to propose two sets of indicators that can be used to assess the symbolic reference of water imagery in the Johannine literature. The first set, comprised of five indicators, can be used to decide whether a given instance of water imagery in the Johannine literature represents the Spirit. The other set, comprised of six indicators, can be used to determine whether a given instance of water imagery has a symbolic meaning instead of or in addition to its literal meaning. The validity of these indicators is demonstrated by applying them to six disputed water passages (1 John 5:6–8; Rev. 22:1–2; John 3:5, 4:10–14, 6:35, and 19:34). The author draws on narrative and exegetical methodologies to stage new claims that will incite further debate and discussion regarding the role of water imagery—and symbolic devices more broadly—in the Johannine texts.

Restricted access

Cognition and Temporality

The Genesis of Historical Thought in Perception and Reasoning

Mark E. Blum

Cognition and Temporality: The Genesis of Historical Thought in Perception and Reasoning argues that both verbal grammar and figural grammar have their cognitive basis in twelve characteristic forms of judgment, distributed among individuals in human populations throughout history. These twelve logical forms are context-free and language-free foundations in our attentional awareness and shape all verbal and figural statements. Moreover, these types of historical judgment are psychogenetic inheritances in a population, and each serves a distinct problem-solving function in the human species. Through analysis of verbal and figural statements, Mark E. Blum contends, the researcher can find evidence of these forms of judgment and in turn analyze how the event to which those statements attend is formally constructed by that judgment. This construction guides how the event is assessed, approached, and engaged in the process of problem-solving.

Artists and aestheticians in the early twentieth century—including Wassily Kandinsky, Stephen C. Pepper, and Andrew Paul Ushenko—have all posited an inherited attentional perspective in individuals, manifested in the logical correspondence between their distinctive verbal and figural grammars. Cognition and Temporality elaborates these claims, arguing that while the styles of well-known writers and artists are conditioned by the public styles of a particular time period, variations in personal style manifest one’s inherited form of judgment and the characteristic grammars that express that form. Through rigorous visual and stylistic analysis, this book demonstrates the expression of these forms among notable painters, historians, and writers across history. The result is a wide-ranging and provocative contribution to phenomenology, aesthetic philosophy, and cultural history.

Restricted access

Series:

Jens Kalke and Tobias Hayer

In der Expertise wird der internationale wissenschaftliche Kenntnisstand zur Effektivität verschiedener Maßnahmen des Spieler- und Jugendschutzes in Form eines systematischen Reviews zusammengestellt. Im Fokus stehen dabei die seit 2012 geltenden verhaltens- und verhältnispräventiven Maßnahmen des Glücksspielstaatsvertrages. Zudem finden Interventionen Berücksichtigung, die im internationalen Kontext Wirksamkeitsnachweise erbracht haben, bislang jedoch noch nicht in die deutsche Gesetzgebung eingeflossen sind. Aus der systematischen Zusammenstellung der empirischen Befundlage für jede einzelne Intervention ergeben sich insgesamt 16 Handlungsempfehlungen mit Relevanz für Politik, Praxis und Forschung.

Restricted access

Series:

Leo Humpenöder

Das Buch analysiert den Paradigmenwechsel von einem Zerschlagungs- und Verteilungsrecht hin zu einem modernen Sanierungsrecht. Der Autor zeigt dabei Möglichkeiten auf, die zu einer Verfestigung und Verfeinerung des Sanierungsgedankens im Insolvenzrecht führen können. Am Anfang der Untersuchung steht die historische Entwicklung des Sanierungsgedankens, es folgt eine Betrachtung der bisherigen Umsetzung. Um den weiteren Reformbedarf des Insolvenzrechts aufzudecken, werden europäische Rechtsordnungen sowie Vorhaben auf europäischer Ebene daraufhin untersucht, ob sie eine Vorbildfunktion für das deutsche Sanierungsrecht haben könnten. Es werden konkrete Vorschläge zur Änderung des Insolvenzrechts unterbreitet, die geeignet sein könnten, Sanierungen in Deutschland noch weiter zu erleichtern.

Restricted access

Current Explorations in Middle English

Selected papers from the 10th International Conference on Middle English (ICOME), University of Stavanger, Norway, 2017

Series:

Edited by Merja Stenroos, Martti Mäkinen, Kjetil Vikhamar Thengs and Oliver Martin Traxel

This volume is a selection of papers presented at the 10th International Conference on Middle English held at the University of Stavanger, Norway from 31 May to 2 June 2017. The collection bridges the gap between traditional ‘linguistic’ and ‘literary’ topics and provides a holistic view of current research within Middle English studies. The papers are organized under four main headings: The transmission of Middle English texts, Syntax and morphology, Genre and discourse and Textual afterlives. The contributions deal with materials ranging from canonical works such as Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales to little-studied texts such as administrative documents and scientific treatises.