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Constitutional Courts in Post-Soviet States

Between the Model of a State of Law and Its Local Application

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Jacek Zaleśny

In the book, authors from eleven post-communist countries analyse the specific legal and political character of the organs of the control of law constitutionality in post-Soviet states. This is done through explaining the legal and political character of those bodies as well as their place in the system of the state power. The authors also examine tasks assigned to those bodies, the manner of their establishment, the course of their work, the legal force of their decisions and the legal status of their members. In the conclusions, the authors refer to the optimisation of the political status of the organs controlling the constitutionality of law as organs of the protection of the constitution.

Research findings, conclusions and recommendations formulated in the book can be applied with a view to changing the mechanisms of the protection of constitutionality in post-Soviet states or presenting lawmakers in other countries with consequences of adopting particular legal solutions.

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Edited by Núria Codina Solà and Teresa Pinheiro

The cultural and linguistic diversity of the Iberian Peninsula calls for research practices that go beyond the methodological nationalism of Portuguese and Spanish Philology and History. Iberian Studies is an emerging epistemological field that approaches the complexity of the Iberian Peninsula and analyses its different literatures, identities, cultures and history from a comparative and interdisciplinary perspective.

Iberian Studies: Reflections Across Borders and Disciplines provides insights into theoretical debates on Iberian Studies. The case studies included in the volume engage with cultural history, centre and periphery dynamics, memory and nationalism and the renewed interest in the Islamic and Sephardic in 21st century Spain and Portugal.

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The Writing of Aletheia

Martin Heidegger: In Language

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Martin Travers

Martin Heidegger was engaged in a continual struggle to find words – new words, both descriptive and analytical – for his radical form of philosophy. This tendency can be traced from Being and Time, where he elaborated an entirely new vocabulary for his ontological enquiry; to Contributions to Philosophy, which saw him committed to a transformation of language; to later essays on poets such as Rilke and Trakl in On the Way to Language.

The Writing of Aletheia is the first study to appear in either English or German that provides a full account of Heidegger’s language and writing style. Focusing not only on his major philsophical works but also on his lectures, public talks and poetry, this book explores the complex textuality of Heidegger’s writing: the elaborate chains of wordplay and neologistic formations; the often oblique, circuitous and regressive exposition of his ideas; the infamous tautologies; the startling modification of grammatical rules and syntax; the idiosyncratic typography of his texts; the rhetorical devices, imagery and symbolism; and the tone and voice of his writing. All of these aspects betray not only his will to structure and his assertiveness but also his ongoing self-questioning and reflectiveness about the ultimate goal of his philosophical quest.

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Autorschaft und Schuld in der Nachkriegsprosa von Hans Erich Nossack

Konstruktion von Subjektivität zwischen Existenzphilosophie und Postmoderne

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Katharina Gefele

Hans Erich Nossacks Nachkriegsprosa verhandelt die Frage, welche Form des Sprechens angesichts einer unmenschlichen (Kriegs-)Realität gerechtfertigt ist. Im Fokus der Analysen stehen daher der Zusammenhang von Autorschaft und Schuld und die autofiktionale Auseinandersetzung mit den Themen Tod, Entfremdung und Liebe nach 1945. Nossacks Konstruktion von Subjektivität wird im biographischen und historischen Kontext betrachtet und auf theoretischer Ebene zwischen existenzphilosophischer Selbstsuche und postmoderner Subjektkritik verortet. Dieser Ansatz bietet neue Zugänge für Nachkriegsautoren/innen wie Alfred Andersch, Peter Weiss und Ingeborg Bachmann an. Die Autorin zeigt, dass sich in Nossacks Literatur zentrale moderne Subjektdiskurse um Freiheit, Schuld und Erinnerung kreuzen.

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Edited by Çağatay Başarir

The book consists of 21 parts that discuss the developments in economy, finance and politics, theoretically and empirically. There are four main sections: Economics, Banking Sector, Stock Exchange and Financial Markets. Economics sections have six sub sections as monetary policy, economic growth, current deficit, international services trade, Eurasion economic union and public share. The second part of the book consists of six sub sections about the banking sector that is fundamental to the economic structure and the main actor of the financial sector. This main sector discusses the efficiency and performance of the banking sector and also shadow banking. In addition, the banking sector is analysed in the Islamic banking area. Furthermore, the interaction of the banking sector and technological developments are emphasized in a separate section in this part.

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Edited by Ebru Çağlayan Akay and Özge Korkmaz

This book aims to bring together studies using different data types (panel data, cross-sectional data and time series data) and different methods (for example, panel regression, nonlinear time series, chaos approach, deep learning, machine learning techniques among others) and to create a source for those interested in these topics and methods by addressing some selected applied econometrics topics which have been developed in recent years. It creates a common meeting ground for scientists who give econometrics education in Turkey to study, and contribute to the delivery of the authors’ knowledge to the people who take interest. This book can also be useful for «Applied Economics and Econometrics» courses in postgraduate education as a material source

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Comparing Canada and the Americas

From Roots to Transcultural Networks

Patrick Imbert

Comparing Canada and the Americas: From Roots to Transcultural Networks covers the Americas in a comparative perspective spanning from the 19th century to the 21st century. It explores socio-cultural dynamics changing considerably in the Americas, which are progressively shedding their original fascination for Europe and slowly recognizing the importance of Indigenous, Afro-descendants, and immigrant cultures. The Americas have many dynamics in common, such as the presence of shared dualistic paradigms, like civilization/barbarism, which is a synonym for self/others. From the invention of the Nation States to globalization, the valorization of taking roots has transformed into the valorization of the legitimacy of geo-symbolic displacements. A comparative study of Canada, Quebec, Latin America, the Caribbean, and the USA reveals both the exclusions and the inclusions that, in literary, artistic, and media productions as well as political essays, are founded on the opposition between interior and exterior. The current era has seen the displacement of these oppositions within the context of the recognition of the others. This recognition is rooted in multicultural, intercultural, and transcultural perspectives. In the current networked and complex contemporary world, literary, artistic, political, and media texts go beyond dichotomous oppositions and historical master narratives legitimating exclusions. Instead, they valorize "chameleoning" and the surprise of encounters with different cultures, thus creating new perspectives linked to a techno-cultural and democratic future based on the desire to share and to belong to oneself.

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Fluchtweg Bulgarien

Die verlängerte Mauer an den Grenzen zur Türkei, Jugoslawien und Griechenland

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Stefan Appelius

Seit dem Bau der Berliner Mauer im Sommer 1961 suchten DDR-Bürger nach alternativen, möglichst gefahrlosen Fluchtwegen in die Bundesrepublik. Dabei entwickelte sich der Fluchtweg über die damalige Volksrepublik Bulgarien mit ihren Grenzen zur Türkei, Griechenland und Jugoslawien bereits nach kurzer Zeit zu einer Hauptfluchtroute. Die überwiegend jungen Leute glaubten, über das rückständige Bulgarien „ganz einfach" in den Westen zu gelangen. Stefan Appelius hat seit fünfzehn Jahren über den Fluchtweg Bulgarien gearbeitet, und das Thema in der Bundesrepublik erstmals einer großen Öffentlichkeit bekanntgemacht. Er wertete mehrere tausend Archivquellen aus und führte seit zwölf Jahren mehrere hundert Interviews mit Flüchtlingen, Angehörigen von Todesopfern, mit Grenzern, DDR-Diplomaten und Staatssicherheitsleuten. Hier legt er die wichtigsten Ergebnisse seiner Arbeit vor.

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Julia Elisabeth Klein

Sprachwissen, Spracheinstellungen und Sprachvariation sind zentrale Phänomene gesellschaftlicher Konstruktion und Wahrnehmung. Die Studie rekonstruiert diese und untersucht Verwendungen sprachlicher Formen bei Jugendlichen aus der Region Trier empirisch anhand einer dreigliedrigen Leitfrage: Wie wird der Sprachraum von Sprechern mit alltagssprachlichen Termini strukturiert, wie sind davon ausgehende Spracheinstellungen zur Nonstandardverwendung sozial verteilt und wie wird vor diesem Hintergrund Sprachvariation zur Strukturierung von Mikrosituationen verwendet? Die Thematik wird mittels eines Mixed-Methods-Designs und die zentrale Analysekategorie »semantischer Raum« erschlossen.

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Ruppert Mayr

Konflikte sind ein zentrales gesellschaftliches Phänomen, das zu jeder Zeit menschlichen Seins relevant war und ist. Entsprechend zentral für eine Gesellschaft ist der Wortschatzbereich, der diesen Ausschnitt sozialen Verhaltens erschließt. Der Autor untersucht die inhaltlichen Strukturen dieses Wortschatzbereiches der deutschen Sprache im frühen Mittelalter auf der Basis eines wortfeldtheoretischen Ansatzes. Ersichtlich wird, dass noch im frühen Mittelalter eine enge Beziehung des Konfliktwortschatzes zum Rechtswortschatz bestand. Es zeigt sich, dass Konfliktlexeme über regionale und dialektale Grenzen hinweg weitgehend Allgemeingut waren. Mit der neuen christlich-jüdischen Theologie sowie mit den Veränderungen in Kriegsführung und Militärwesen deutete sich zudem ein Bedeutungswandel bei Feldgliedern und damit im Wortfeld an.