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Edited by Vera Eccarius-Kelly and Michael M. Gunter

The main theme of this book is to evaluate U.S. foreign policy patterns towards Kurdish movements in Turkey and Syria and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. In the first section of the collection, U.S. foreign policy approaches are examined by comparing multiple U.S. administrations and their responses to Kurdish demands for autonomy. While Kurds have been used to advance particular policy interests, several contributors also identify challenges to Kurdish independence movements linked to ideological divisions and patronage structures. However, Kurds could benefit from political changes even if U.S. policy preferences favor maintaining established borders.

In the second section, several contributors explore the Kurdistan Regional Government’s unfulfilled expectations and the fallout from the 2017 independence referendum. Consecutive U.S. administrations have been reluctant to destabilize the region, supported efforts by Turkey to co-opt the KRG, and impeded Kurdish movements in Syria and Turkey.

Finally, the third section analyzes the ways in which Kurdish movements have responded to long-standing patterns of U.S. foreign policy preferences. Here contributors examine Kurdish lobbying efforts in the U.S., discuss Kurdish para-diplomacy activities in a comparative context, and frame the YPG/J’s (People’s Protections Units/Women’s Protections Units) and PYD’s (Democratic Union Party) project in Syria. Broader power structures are critically examined by focusing on particular Kurdish movements and their responses to U.S. foreign policy initiatives.

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Nora Thies

Gegenstand des Bandes ist die Rechtsprechung der Kammern des Bundesverfassungsgerichts in Bezug auf die Menschenwürde (Art. 1 Abs. 1 GG) im Strafvollzug. Die Rechtsprechung der Kammern nimmt einen großen Anteil an der des Bundesverfassungsgerichts insgesamt ein. Vor diesem Hintergrund zeigt die Autorin, welche Inhalte sich der einschlägigen Kammerrechtsprechung entnehmen lassen und wie diese sich zur Rechtsprechung der Senate des Bundesverfassungsgerichts verhält.

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The Rise of Tech Giants

A Game Changer in Global Finance and Politics

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Edited by Nicola Bilotta and Simone Romano

Tech giants entering the banking and financial industry is not an issue of the future, it is already happening. This phenomenon has crucial implications that extend well beyond the banking system. There are questions like: Will tech giants be competitors of incumbents or will they rather partner up? How is the financial regulation going to handle this radical change, and will it succeed in creating a level playing field? What are the implications from a political and social point of view? Will tech giants acquire too much bargaining power in dealing with sovereign states, allowing them to shift political decisions and laws in their favour? This edited book provides a number of answers to these questions through a research effort on the economic and political implications of this technological revolution. While it is impossible to stop this revolution, it poses the challenge of steering towards a sustainable and inclusive improvement of our society and economy.

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Internal Migration

Challenges in Governance and Integration

Edited by Shane Joshua Barter and William Ascher

Internal Migration: Challenges in Governance and Integration focuses on the challenges associated with internal migration across the developing world. While international migration captures significant attention, less attention has been paid to those migrating within recognized national borders. The sources of internal migration are not fundamentally different from international migration, as migrants may be pushed by violence, disasters, state policies, or various opportunities. Although they do not cross international borders, they may still cross significant internal borders, with cultural differences and perceived state favoritism generating a potential for "sons of the soil" conflicts. As citizens, internal migrants are in theory to be provided legal protection by host states, however this is not always the case, and sometimes their own states represent the cause of their displacement. The chapters in this book explain how international organizations, host states, and host communities may navigate the many challenges associated with internal migration.

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Edited by Sylwester Gardocki, Rafał Ożarowski and Rafał Ulatowski

The aim of the book is to present the issues of central importance to the Islamic World. This diverse area faces a lot of difficulties and challenges regarding ethnic and religious conflicts as well as political and economic instability. The authors of the book address the topic from the perspectives of international security, foreign policy, economy, energy policy and regional studies and aim to depict the most suitable examples of crucial dilemmas of the Islamic World in the 21st century. The authors represent the variety of academic institutions and scientific disciplines including political science, international relations, economics and sociology. They apply a wide-selection of qualitative and quantitative methods to perform their research. As a result of this work, this book contributes to the research on the Middle East, South Asia and North Africa.

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Sprachliche Variation im Deutschen

Unterrichtsdidaktische, deskriptive und internationale Perspektiven

Edited by Elena Vasylchenko and Jutta Ransmayr

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Das Erfordernis einer Neubewertung der Medienwerbemärkte im deutschen und europäischen Kartellrecht

Vor dem Hintergrund zunehmender Medienkonvergenz und crossmedialer Effekte bei konglomeraten Unternehmensfusionen

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Sophie Hoffmann

Die zunehmende Relevanz der Onlinemedien hat verstärkt Einfluss auf die Struktur der Medienwerbemärkte und damit auch auf die Praxis der sachlichen Marktabgrenzung im deutschen und europäischen Kartellrecht genommen. Die Autorin analysiert die Entwicklungen der Medienwerbemärkte und beleuchtet anhand exemplarischer Beschlüsse von Kartellbehörden und Gerichten, dass in der aktuellen Kartellrechtspraxis bei der Einordnung der Onlinemedienwerbemärkte im Rahmen der sachlichen Marktabgrenzung noch keine belastbare Rechtspraxis gefunden worden ist. Anhand der gewonnenen Erkenntnisse präsentiert die Autorin eine progressive Empfehlung für die kartellrechtliche Praxis zur sachgerechten Neubewertung der Medienwerbemärkte, die eine Brücke zwischen der wirtschaftlichen Realität und der erforderlichen rechtlichen Würdigung der Marktverhältnisse im Rahmen der sachlichen Marktabgrenzung schlägt.

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Ich-Splitter

(Cross-)Mediale Selbstentwürfe in den Slawischen Kulturen

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Edited by Ingeborg Jandl and Gernot Howanitz

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Edited by Viktor Lechta and Nad'a Bizová

This monograph links to the monograph "Reflection of Inclusive Education of the 21st Century in Correlative Scientific Fields" (Lechta. V. - Kudláčová, B., Frankfurt: Peter Lang 2013). It should be a summary of the most relevant components of inclusive education and proposals for further development. The co-authors are influential representatives of inclusive education from Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Germany. Structure of authors present their findings from the aspect of pedagogy, psychology, special education, therapeutic education, social pedagogy, history, philosophy, psychology, law, medicine in this field in its transdisciplinary correlation. The monograph is intended mainly for the experts from all the disciplines that participate in the care of people with disabilities, as well as students and parents that are interested in it.

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Sven Sobanski

Das Unionsrecht enthält in vielfältiger Weise Vorgaben für das deutsche Steuerrecht. Werden diese Vorgaben bei Erlass eines Steuerverwaltungsakts oder eines finanzgerichtlichen Urteils nicht hinreichend beachtet, etwa indem eine unionsrechtswidrige Norm angewendet wird, stellt sich die Frage, ob dieser Verstoß gegen Unionsrecht auch nach Eintritt der Bestandskraft bzw. Rechtskraft korrigiert werden kann. Dieser Frage nimmt sich der Autor an und zeigt, dass deren Beantwortung maßgeblich davon abhängt, ob es sich um einen Beihilfeverstoß oder einen Verstoß gegen eine andere Norm des Unionsrechts handelt. Bei Beihilfeverstößen tritt weder Bestandskraft noch Rechtskraft ein. Bei anderen Verstößen gegen Unionsrecht kommt es lediglich zu kleineren Modifikationen der deutschen Regelungen.