Browse by title
Rassegna e studio dei Testimonia greci (III-XVI sec.)
A Philosophical-Anthropological Approach
The purpose of this book is to show the philosophical and anthropological foundation of the dispute about culture, especially in the perspective of the opposition between high and low culture. By analysing the most important achievements of Western philosophical reflection, from the Greeks and Romans through medieval scholasticism to Christian personalism, the author defends the concept of high culture and reveals its metaphysical significance for the human condition. The book also brings out the meaning of the concept of culture, shedding new light upon the long-disputed philosophical questions: who is the creator and subject of culture, what is culture in its essence, and what is its superior purpose?
Ignacio Marcio Cid
La presente obra aborda una dimensión central de la filosofía epicúrea: la psicoterapéutica. El cuidado del alma, como atención a una interioridad saludable, persigue una vida sin turbación en lo mental ni dolor en lo corporal. Así se alcanzan las tan deseadas ἀταραξία y ἀλυπία. Para lograrlas, debe comprenderse, primero, el papel de la naturaleza, de los dioses y el conocimiento en la existencia del hombre. Comprendido esto, es posible poner en práctica una serie de ejercicios que actúa como un bálsamo de felicidad para la mente. Ubicado en el presente, el ser humano aprende a desear lo que está al alcance, a librarse de temores infundados, a obtener placeres perfectos, a plantearse metas imposibles. De este modo, podrá llevar una vida tranquila, activa, honesta y plenamente feliz.
The Policies of the Armenian Bolsheviks and the Armenian Church, 1920-1932
This book presents the results of comprehensive study on the history of Soviet Armenia and the Armenian Church in the years 1920-32. Through documents uncovered in the Communist Party Archive in Yerevan and the Georgian Historical Archive, press antireligious propaganda, oral testimonies, and biographical interviews conducted by the author, The Armenian Church in Soviet Armenia expands the discussion on the history of the Armenian Church in the 20th century, especially regarding the relations between the spiritual leaders of the Armenian Church and the Bolsheviks. In accordance with stipulations laid out by the Central Committee in consultation with the GPU, Khoren Muradbekian was elected as the Catholicos of All Armenians. His election was the principal reason behind the schism inside the Church– which, especially in the Armenian diaspora, divided not only clergy, but laymen themselves. These divisions, even after hundred years, are still vivid in Armenian society.
An Integrative Study of Liturgy, Faith, and Culture
This book elucidates the dynamism of culture and how cultural expressions are often intertwined with religious expressions. The Catholic Church, while conscious of profound cultural diversities of her members, earnestly seeks to inculturate the gospel message in different cultures for a better expressed, experienced, and lived Catholicism in the modern world. Relational and theological expressions of Eucharistic communion increase in wealth and meaning when Christians of different races and cultures are able to understand the global call to unity and interconnectivity in the world today. Relating the clear theological and relational aspects of Eucharistic communion to the traditional rituals of communion expressed in Igbo culture, enriches both the encountered faith and lived culture. The rituals of communion in Igbo tradition studied, Emume Oji (Ritual Breaking of the Kolanut), Iri Ji Ohuru (New Yam Festival), and Igba Oriko (Reconciliation Ceremony), are still prevalent and valued among the Igbo people. These rituals pilot and determine the wellbeing of present and future generations of Igbo people. An integrative study of liturgy, faith, and culture, this book establishes the theological and relational aspects of both the traditional rituals of communion in Igbo culture and the Christian understanding of Eucharistic communion, for a truly inculturated Eucharistic theology.
This book takes a narrative-critical approach to the meaning and function of debate in the Gospel of Mary. The debate scene in the Gospel of Mary has been interpreted with the assumed framework of the Gnostic-orthodox conﬂict and feminist biblical studies’ particular interest in the gender issue. When approached narrative-critically, the portrayal of the debate is fundamentally concerned with the narrative’s rhetoric of persuasion. The function of the debate scene is meant to make truth-authority claims by appealing to the authority of divine revelation and the authority of the shared knowledge about Mary, the Savior’s favorite, according to the two models of authority, which were widely used in antiquity (i.e., revelatory authority and literary authority). Scholars and students who are interested in early Christian texts and methods of interpretation could use this book to gain a new look into the meaning of the texts, especially the roles of the interactions among the characters.
Perspectives d’un État cosmopolitique
Emery- Pamphile MBADU MBADU
Face aux nouveaux et nombreux défis de la mondialisation, Jean-Marc Ferry actualise l’ancienne idée philosophique du cosmopolitisme dont les principes sont considérés comme une alternative adaptée à notre monde multipolaire. Le présent ouvrage propose d’en retracer l’architecture : ses aspects essentiels et ses défis. Il montre qu’à partir de sa philosophie de la communication, Ferry analyse d’abord la manière dont fonctionnent les sociétés contemporaines en faisant de l’identité reconstructive sa catégorie organisatrice.
Préoccupé depuis les années 2000 par « l’histoire de l’humanité européenne », il applique ensuite cette identité contemporaine à « l’identité européenne reconstructive ». Son cosmopolitisme processuel tente de concrétiser l’idée philosophique du cosmopolitisme kantien dont la structure juridique de base s’adapte à l’échelle de l’Union Européenne. Il s’agit de construire une « unité de survie » transnationale puisque l’« unité de survie » nationale, bien que nécessaire, n’est plus suffisante. Il serait donc possible de prolonger l’idée cosmopolitique interprétée dans l’histoire européenne vers d’autres entités politiques d’envergure continentale. A condition, toutefois, que les pays concernés parviennent d’abord et avant tout à former une « unité de survie » nationale indispensable à toute « unité de survie » transnationale.
This research work examines Heidegger’s (1889-1976) contention that phenomenology can inspire, illuminate, motivate, reinforce and guide (human) individual’s actions. It achieves this by adapting Heidegger’s phenomenological approach to analyze and interpret representative everyday factical experiences of nepotism, selfishness and mass mentality in the (Nigerian) society. Doing this helps to ascertain whether these experiences have any phenomenological link with inauthenticity. Also, it provides a close reading and interpretation of Heidegger’s treatment of authentic existence, and explores the possibility of complimenting it with the phenomenology of Commensality, as a mode of care and a way to authenticity. In this manner, it strategically explores possible ways of inspiring individual Daseins to authenticity, and with it engendering a positive transformation of the (Nigerian) society. Presenting and elaborating the phenomenology of Commensality, the work highlights the relationship and the differences between the phenomenology of Commensality and the ontical or sociological understanding of commensality as obtained in African traditional societies. Phenomenology of Commensality argues for the ‘renaissance’ of Commensality, concretely expressed as Onyenkeanyi, and not just for its ‘revival’. The research work further develops the phenomenology of education for Commensality, discussing the possible content and focus of its curriculum, while differentiating it from ethics. The proper implementation of phenomenology of education for Commensality could inspire and illuminate individual Daseins to authenticity, and thereby becomes an improvement strategy for the positive transformation of the (Nigerian) society. As a phenomenology, it is appropriate that the people and places analyzed take on a definite character, which is why the Nigerian society is used. However, it is expected that the implications of the findings presented here will be general and accurate enough to allow application to any number of similar situations.
Applying Philosophy of Art in a Global World
Edited by Zoltan Somhegyi and Max Ryynänen
Towards an Emancipatory Reading
Hoyce Jacob Lyimo-Mbowe
The research presented in this book is a critical study of some effects of popular biblical interpretations in the context of an East African ethnic group, the Maasai. The book focuses on parallels between concepts of female inferiority in biblical texts and in Maasai traditional culture. It investigates some parallels and analyses their problems as they are conceptualized in popular Maasai biblical interpretation and how these affect the social transformation of the contemporary Maasai women.
Therefore, this book aims at sensitizing readers of the Bible about popular interpretation of biblical texts that consciously, and more often unconsciously, function as a legitimizing force, which authorizes or reinforces socio-cultural structures that oppress women. However, it demonstrates the potential of reading biblical texts from emancipatory perspectives, both in popular and academic critical contexts. Also, this book demonstrates how some popular Maasai biblical interpretations contributes in the academic works for the emancipation of women. Moreover, this work develops its own contextual hermeneutics approach of woman liberation known as enkitok. The new approach borrows some aspects from social fields and it has been employed in this work on some selected biblical texts.