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Africa in Europe and Europe in Africa

Reassessing the Cultural Legacy

Edited by Yolanda Aixelà-Cabré

This book studies the Afro-European and Euro-African past and present from an interdisciplinary and comparative perspective. It addresses Africa as a whole, eschewing historical divisions between North and Sub-Saharan Africa. Its content exemplifies the extent to which the histories of Europe and Africa are intertwined, and the way European sources are usually privileged in the writing of historical accounts of cross-cultural encounters. Using post/decolonial studies, the authors' point of view is based on anthropology, history, ethnomusicology, and film and literary studies. The authors argue that mutual experiences and imaginations have affected how cultural heritage and legacy are conceived and thought of, as well as memories and sociopolitical experiences. The aim is to establish and encourage a broader knowledge of Africa–Europe and Europe–Africa encounters, incorporating case studies of Euro-African and Afro-European legacies. The final goal is to favour a more relational point of view by comparing Euro-African and Afro-European realities.

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African Isms

Africa and the Globalized World

Edited by Abdul Karim Bangura

The impetus for this book emerged from our belief that as Africans across the globe are confronted with a myriad of challenges that have been birthed by globalization (i.e. the process of going to a more interconnected world by diminishing the world’s social dimension and expansion of overall global consciousness), they must turn to their own ideas for solutions. While many books exist on individual African Isms, such as Afrocentrism, Nasserism, and Pan-Africanism, none exists that has looked at a series of these Isms together. This book is the first to do so and, thus, its justification. Consequently, through this edited volume, we address the applicability of different African Isms to various issues, particularly current issues, on the continent of Africa. Each chapter provides a theoretical framework and topics or issues concerning African people of the continent. It is therefore an innovative scholarly work as no other work has examined these Isms in this manner. Thus, the ideas are quite appealing. Reexamining and applying each of the African Ism in order to challenge Eurocentric myth and reality in current African political, economic, cultural and social matters is quite logical and clear.

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Communication Begins with Children

A Lifespan Communication Sourcebook


Edited by Thomas J. Socha and Narissra Maria Punyanunt-Carter

Communication Begins with Children: A Lifespan Communication Sourcebook seeks to transform the field of communication, arguing that the field must stop neglecting and segregating children and instead adopt an age-inclusive lifespan approach that fully includes and fully considers children in all communication theorizing, research and education from infancy and throughout the human lifespan. One-size-fits-all, adult-centric communication theorizing, researching, and educating is inadequate and harms the communication field’s potential as a social force for positive change for all communicators. The volume contains four sections (Foundations, Relational Communication Development, Digital Communication Development, and Navigating Developmental Communication Challenges) that showcase state-of-the-art chapters about the history of children’s relational and digital communication studies, methods used to study children’s communication, media literacy development, communication and children’s health, and much more. A must read for all communication researchers, educators, and students and an important addition to advanced and graduate level human and digital communication courses.

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Creating Understanding

How Communicating Aligns Minds


Jessica Gasiorek and R. Kelly Aune

What, exactly, is understanding? And how do people create, maintain, and manipulate states of understanding via communication? This book addresses these questions, drawing on interdisciplinary scholarship in cognitive science, communication, psychology, and pragmatics. Rejecting classic descriptions of communication as "sending and receiving messages," this book proposes a novel perspective that depicts communication as a process in which interactants construct, test, and refine mental modes of a joint experience on the basis of the meme states (mental representations) activated by stimuli in social interactions. It explains how this process, when successful, results in interactants' mental models aligning, or becoming entrained—in other words, in creating a state of understanding. This framework is grounded in a set of foundational observations about evolved human cognition that highlight people's intrinsic social orientation, predisposition toward efficiency, and use of predictive interference-making. These principles are also used to explain how codified systems ("codes") emerge in extended or repeated interactions in which people endeavor to create understanding. Integrating and synthesizing research across disciplines, this book offers communication scholars and students a theoretical framework that will transform the way they see understanding, communication, and social connection.

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A Hypertextual Commentary


Bartosz Adamczewski

This monograph demonstrates that the book of Deuteronomy is a result of highly creative, hypertextual reworking of the book of Ezekiel. Likewise, it shows that the books of Joshua–Judges, taken together, are a result of one, highly creative, hypertextual reworking of the book of Deuteronomy. In both cases, the detailed reworking consists of almost 700 strictly sequentially organized thematic, and at times also linguistic correspondences. The strictly sequential, hypertextual dependence on the earlier works explains numerous surprising features of Deuteronomy and Joshua–Judges. This critical analysis of Deuteronomy and Joshua–Judges sheds entirely new light on the question of the origin of the Pentateuch and the whole Israelite Heptateuch Genesis–Judges.

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Edited by Axel Grimm

Die Didaktik der beruflichen Fachrichtung Informationstechnik/Informatik steht historisch, berufswissenschaftlich und ordnungspolitisch in einem Spannungsverhältnis. Eine auch nur in Ansätzen geschlossene Theoriebildung zu einer Didaktik der Informationstechnik liegt nicht vor. Ausgehend von diesem Desiderat soll mit dieser Veröffentlichung eine erste Lücke geschlossen werden. Ziel dieses Buches ist es, Gegenstandsbereiche vorzustellen, die für eine Theoriebildung einer Didaktik der beruflichen Fachrichtung Informationstechnik/Informatik von Bedeutung sind. Dazu sind Beiträge eingeholt worden, die eine theoretische Einordnung auf verschiedenen Analyseebenen ermöglichen. Band 1 „Theoriebildung" schafft somit ein erstes Fundament, das im Weiteren ausgebaut werden wird. Ziel ist es, der beruflichen Fachrichtung Informationstechnik/Informatik und deren Didaktik ein eigenständiges Profil zu geben, damit sie sich gegenüber dem Status quo emanzipieren kann.

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Edited by Alfredo Rodríguez López-Vázquez and Arturo Rodríguez López-Abadía

En este volumen se recopila una serie de artículos e investigaciones de distintos autores y de diversas áreas en torno al Lazarillo de Tormes y sus continuadores, analizando desde varias perspectivas la obra y sus ramificaciones, tanto en cuanto a su texto primigenio, como sus más famosas continuaciones y las traducciones que de la obra se han hecho a algunos idiomas en que está disponible.

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Das Ende der Schriftformheilungsklausel

Eine Betrachtung langfristiger Mietverträge nebst Gestaltungsempfehlung


Johanna Rösch

Das Schriftformgebot des § 550 BGB war seit jeher ein Schlupfloch für die Vertragsreue. Sowohl Mieter wie auch Vermieter befürchten in der Praxis regelmäßig die Entfristung ihrer langfristigen Mietverträge. Nachdem der Bundesgerichtshof die Schriftformheilungsklausel 2017 für unwirksam erklärt hat, herrscht Ratlosigkeit, wie dem Missbrauch des Formgebots in Zukunft begegnet werden kann. Dies ist der Anlass, aus dem sich die Autorin mit der Wirksamkeit der Schriftformheilungsklausel und vor allem den Konsequenzen ihrer Ungültigkeit beschäftigt. Sie untersucht, ob und wie der Formzwang durchbrochen werden kann und gibt in diesem Zusammenhang eine Gestaltungsempfehlung ab. De lege lata sieht die Autorin die einzige effektive Möglichkeit in der Vereinbarung einer konkreten Schriftformheilungsklausel. De lege ferenda empfiehlt sie die Überarbeitung des Gesetzes und postuliert insofern einen eigenen Reformvorschlag.

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Hebammen, Ärzte und ihr ‚Rosengarten‘

Ein medizinisches Handbuch und die Umbrüche in der Obstetrik des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts


Theresa Hitthaler-Frank

Mit dem Aufkommen der ersten deutschsprachigen Hebammenordnungen ab der Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts kam es zu Kompetenzverschiebungen innerhalb der Geburtshilfe und zur Kontrolle von Hebammen durch Stadträte und Ärzte. Gleichzeitig erschienen die ersten gedruckten deutschsprachigen Hebammenlehrbücher, die von männlichen Autoren explizit an Frauen und Geburtshelferinnen adressiert wurden. ‚Der Swangern Frauwen vnd hebam(m)en Rosegarten‘ (1513) von Eucharius Rösslin beantwortet Fragen zur Praxistauglichkeit der Lehrbücher und zeigt die Rolle männlicher Mediziner und Praktiker innerhalb der Geburtshilfe auf. Diese Forschungsarbeit beleuchtet neben dem Hebammenwesen am Beginn seiner Professionalisierung auch den Buchdruck und seine Rolle bei der Verbreitung obstetrischen Wissens.

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Identity of a Muslim Family in Colonial Bengal

Between Memories and History

Mohammad Rashiduzzaman

Blended with the author’s own family remembrances and diverse sources including his doctoral and post-doctoral research and fieldwork, this is a recounting of ural Muslim historiography in Colonial Bengal, a largely ignored swathe in the dominant chronicles of South Asia. Between the twilight of the 19th century and nearly the first half of the 20th century, the Muslims in Colonial Bengal in India were haunted by misgivings about an alien rule and its cohorts. Resistance to change, self-denial, religiosity, the conflicting urges of survival, the spiraling Hindu-Muslim discord, the feudal constraints and marginalization by the bhadralok swirled around them. The British Indian Bengal wracked by religious, cultural, social, and political conflicts come alive in the intergenerational narrative in this book. With its 9 main chapters plus a preface and introduction, this volume seeks out ordinary individuals' lives amidst such turmoil while it amplifies the larger challenges of the Muslims in Bengal. This gripping true-life account is set against such a sweep of history; it is built around real people—not about imagined characters.

Not rigidly structured, this multi-layered account has used wider and flexible methods of research. The village-focused and memory-based tale evokes the concrete historical, social, and political trajectory that confronted the Muslims in Colonial Bengal—an out-of-the narrative in the conventional history and social science books on the region. Authored by an academician and a well-published scholar on South Asia, this is a meticulous, insightful, and comprehensive portrait of a rural Muslim family in a historical context. It addresses scholars, students, and specialists as well as general readers about a rural Muslim family’s existential challenges intertwined with history, society, political conflicts, identity, and religiosity. Conjoined by the known historical context and backed by reliable oral narratives, qualitative interviews, authentic memoirs, and scholarly sources, this is not a chronological autobiographical memoir. Relevant to the academics and interesting to avid readers, this account touches several disciplines from history and politics to anthropology as well as the probing readers.