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What's Race Got To Do With It?

How Current School Reform Policy Maintains Racial and Economic Inequality - Revised Edition

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Edited by Edwin Mayorga, Ujju Aggarwal and Bree Picower

At the time that the first edition of What’s Race Got to Do with It was published (2015), many on the left were struggling to both fight back neoliberal education reforms—such as charter schools, school closings, high-stakes testing—understand how these reforms were defined, and how they circulated through the entanglements of race and class. In the years since, we have seen the accelerated growth of social movements push back against this logic. The steady and grounded work of those fighting back neoliberal education reform has increased the visibility and critique of privatization, market-based reforms, and segregation; demonstrating the interlocking connections between racism and capitalism. We have also seen the election of Donald Trump to the office of U.S. President and the appointment of Betsy DeVos as Secretary of Education, signaling an intensified attack on public education (alongside other public infrastructures) and a return to "racism as we knew it." As neoliberal multicultural reforms that defined the Obama administration are rolled back, this new edition of What’s Race considers how we might sharpen our analysis concerning what we are working to defend and what we are working to transform. Each chapter author tracks the changes and continuities of recent years, revealing the ways in which market-driven education reforms work with and through race, and sharing grassroots stories of resistance to these reforms. We hope that this book will continue to provide readers with a guide to action that emboldens our struggles for justice.

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Perspektivenvielfalt im Literaturunterricht

Theoretische und qualitativ-empirische Untersuchungen zu einem didaktischen Prinzip

Katja Siepmann

Die Vielfalt der Welt muss im zeitgemäßen Unterricht widergespiegelt und reflektiert werden. Derjenige, der sich auf die Komplexität postmoderner Gesellschaften einlässt, macht Erfahrungen, die produktiv auszuhalten sind. Hier setzt die qualitativ-empirische Studie zu dem allgemeindidaktischen Prinzip der Perspektivenvielfalt an und untersucht sowohl dessen theoretische als auch empirische Relevanz. Die Untersuchung der Bedeutung für die Lehrkräfte und die Umsetzung in der Unterrichtsgestaltung stehen im Mittelpunkt der Arbeit. Der exemplarisch gewählte Literaturunterricht im Fach Deutsch bietet eine geeignete Gelegenheit für den Umgang mit Ambivalenz, Kontingenz und Vielfalt im Kontext eines Bildungsverständnisses, das Perspektivenwechsel, Diskursivität und Identitätsbildung betont.

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The Rise of the South in American Thought and Education

The Rockefeller Years (1902-1917) and Beyond

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John M. Heffron

The Rise of the South in American Thought and Education: The Rockefeller Years (1902-1917), and Beyond documents the rise—both real and imaginary—of the South in American thought and education at the close of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century. The South’s main appeal to industrial statesmen like the Rockefellers, their philanthropic work a focus of the book, was what it symbolized to them at a time when traditional elites in both regions were facing a frightening new array of social and political conditions, much of them pursuant to the country’s very real industrial "takeoff." Those who presided over the nation’s economy understood the need for orderly change that would balance the demands (and dislocations) of modernization with America’s most cherished traditions. They viewed the reactionary South and its nationalization as an important counterweight to centrifugal tendencies in the North, including the rapid growth of cities and their "Romanization" by a flood tide of property less, uneducated, and discontented southern and eastern European immigrants. The traditional emphasis in the South on vocational education (the Christian ethic of work as redemption, not the Republican one of free labor), country life and living, racial segregation, and the centrality of nature study as a source of both science and religion, added up to a coherent vision that responded to "undesirable" economic and social change in the urban North. The survival of Southern cultural traditions, as antiquated as they were, posed no threat to the plans of corporate progressives; indeed, as the book argues, it facilitated them, and nowhere more so than in the field of education. Modern educators wanting to put into historical context relations of class, race, and ethnicity as they persist in today’s schools will find much here to inform them, putting to rest, for example, false distinctions in the history of school reform between a liberal-progressive North and a conservative and reactionary South. This book will also appeal to a popular audience of Americans curious to understand the illiberal foundations of the modern liberal state.

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Abdin Noboa-Rios

Academic year 2014-15 marked the first year that public school enrollment (preK-12) became majority nonwhite, with the Hispanic/Latino as the largest minority. Significant population shifts have continued to occur, with Latinos now representing 1-in-4 (28%) public school students.

Meanwhile, the public schools are in trouble, with international achievement reaching new lows and where progress for nearly two-thirds of all 4th and 8th graders stagnant and below proficiency levels, now decades old. According to the Nation’s Report Card, students of color rank lowest, with Latinos and African Americans consistently at the bottom.

To understand the history of Latinos in particular, Dr. Noboa-Ríos goes back to recreate the story. Here he relates the dark legacy before and after Plessy, but also upon examining post-Brown challenges that linger. Meanwhile, demography has shifter greatly and the future of the country is now greatly dependent on the academic success of Latino children. Different from the past, this population can no longer be ignored. This is dramatically different from former years, as it represents a new urgency for the nation, one that can no longer be ignored.

As the story of education rapidly unfolds, America’s challenge is now to ensure Latino students excel or the country is in peril. It is important to understand why and how this has occurred to ensure it is rectified for a better and more balanced future for the nation, not just the Latino population.

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Skills

A Practical Guide in Conversation, Vocabulary and Writing

Mara Cogni

Many students today have to grapple with questions such as What am I very good at? and What are my strengths and how can I use them for a better life? These are central questions for us as learners, employees, family members, friends and thriving individuals in general. An inquiry into our skills helps us discover our potentialities and the talents we need in order to create a fulfilling life. As a result, it assists us in successfully finding the right role for ourselves in society. Skills: A Practical Guide in Conversation, Vocabulary and Writing is intended to take learners on a reflective skill-investigative journey, in which speaking and writing about skills is both self-exploratory and fun.

This book offers a more reflective approach to thinking and talking about skills. Learners will become well-equipped with knowledge and understanding of a set of skills they can ascribe to themselves and others. This will, consequently, prepare them for a world of work that is very specific in its skillset requirements. The book aims at helping students think critically about skills both orally and in writing. It also includes activities intended to expand vocabulary, which underlies successful communication.

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Migration im Schulalter

Systemische Effekte der deutschen Schule und Bewältigungsprozesse migrierter Jugendlicher

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Mona Massumi

Das deutsche Schulsystem steht seit Langem vor der Herausforderung, Migrant*innen adäquat einzubeziehen. Für junge Menschen sind mit der Migration Umbrüche im Leben verbunden – nicht zuletzt in Bezug auf ihre formale Bildungsbiografie.

In diesem Buch werden Zusammenhänge zwischen Systemeffekten und der subjektiven Handlungsfähigkeit von Migrant*innen untersucht. Die Autorin rekonstruiert historisch, wie das Schulsystem seit der Gründung der Bundesrepublik auf die Anwesenheit von Migrant*innen reagiert und welche Auswirkungen diese Reaktionsweisen nach sich ziehen. Anhand narrativer Interviews zeichnet sie Bildungsbiografien von 21 Migrant*innen, die im Jugend- und jungen Erwachsenenalter nach Deutschland migriert sind, nach. Ihre Wege ins deutsche Schulsystem werden ebenso aufgezeigt wie die Barrieren, die den Zugang zum und Verbleib im formalen Bildungssystem in Deutschland erschweren. Die Untersuchung zeigt, wie junge Menschen mit wahrgenommenen Hindernissen umgehen und welche Möglichkeiten sie nutzen, um die eigene Schullaufbahn positiv mitzubestimmen.

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À l'épreuve d'enseigner à l'Université

Enquête en France - Préface de Marc Romainville

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Edited by Saeed Paivandi and Nathalie Younès

L’ouvrage s’intéresse à la réalité plurielle de l’homo academicus, en partant des vécus et des conceptions des professeur.e.s d'université. L’enquête menée en France par les deux auteurs, de 2013 à 2017, dans un large éventail de disciplines (lettres, sciences, sciences humaines et sociales, médecine), permet de mieux appréhender les différentes manières d’être enseignant.e-chercheur.e, la condition universitaire, les conceptions de la carrière et les approches de l’enseignement mobilisées dans la pratique pédagogique. Les enseignant.e.s-chercheur.e.s parlent de leur environnement de travail, de leurs relations avec le monde étudiant et des tensions vécues au cours de leur expérience pour articuler l’enseignement, la recherche et les tâches administratives. Se développer professionnellement sur le plan pédagogique et réellement prendre en compte les étudiants dans l’approche de l’enseignement apparaît comme un défi.

Cet ouvrage a pour ambition d’aider à mieux comprendre la condition pédagogique à l’université, devenue une question d’actualité en France comme dans nombre d’autres pays. Les données de l’enquête mises en perspective avec la littérature scientifique internationale peuvent contribuer à la réflexion sur les réformes pédagogiques introduites depuis les années 2000 et les axes les plus pertinents pour améliorer le fonctionnement pédagogique de l’université et accompagner les enseignant.e.s-chercheur.e.s dans leur développement professionnel à travers un changement culturel progressif.

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Privatization of America’s Public Institutions

The Story of the American Sellout

Lawrence Baines

Privatization of America’s Public Institutions describes the transformation of the military, K–12 public schools, public universities and colleges, and prisons into enterprises focused on generating profits for a select few. In many cases, privatization has limited accessibility, promoted segregation, fueled declining standards, increased costs, and reduced quality.

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Larry Feldman and Sandy Feldman

Building Bridges Across the Racial Divide offers a hopeful view of how well-constructed diversity initiatives can combat entrenched racial prejudice and segregation in American life. This book provides an extensive review of research on methods for reducing stereotypes and prejudice and describes multiple initiatives designed to reduce the negative effects of racial separation by bringing together children, teens, and adults from different racial groups to share a variety of positive experiences.

The concepts in Building Bridges Across the Racial Divide are presented in clear, jargon-free language. Each concept comes alive with detailed examples from a variety of successful programs. Combining specific principles with poignant illustrations, this book will appeal to a wide variety of readers: educators, parents, students, clergy, youth leaders, community organizers, business leaders, and anyone who feels drawn to the goal of "making things better." This book is an excellent text for courses on diversity, race relations, social psychology, sociology, education, parenting, and community development.

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Writing for College and Beyond

Life Lessons from the College Composition Classroom

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CJ Kent

Writing for College and Beyond: Life Lessons from the College Composition Classroom explains how the many skills taught in the Freshman Composition course apply at work and in life. The composition class is a pre-requisite and General Education course for most colleges and universities in the United States. It reaches students in every area of study. As people wonder about the value of a liberal arts education and question whether colleges and universities are truly preparing students for the workforce, Writing for College and Beyond challenges those arguments by pointing out exactly how classroom policies and writing assignments apply beyond school walls. Professors, lecturers, and graduate students teaching Freshman Composition courses will find this book helpful. Administrators who service the Freshman Composition population, such as Writing Center Directors, will also find Writing for College and Beyond: Life Lessons from the College Composition Classroom a wonderful aid.