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Emiliano Javier Cuccia

El estudio de la abstracción ha sido uno de los tópicos más estudiados dentro de la historia del tomismo, donde se la ha interpretado como el término específico que designa el proceso intelectual según el cual el hombre conoce una realidad inteligible partiendo desde los datos sensibles; o bien, mediante el cual capta determinadas características de un objeto sin considerar otras. De un modo particular, la exégesis del siglo XX en adelante añadió sobre esta interpretación un cariz particularmente epistemológico al colocar la abstracción como la causa de la distinción de las ciencias especulativas y sus objetos.

El presente libro tiene como objetivo demostrar que el término posee en Tomás un significado más amplio que el expuesto en tanto es también utilizado en numerosos casos para designar una propiedad de las esencias de las cosas. Esta abstracción de las esencias resulta un elemento clave dentro del corpus metafísico del Aquinate ya que la operación intelectual depende de ella como de su causa formal. De este modo, lo que queda expuesto es el sentido analógico que posee el término abstractio en la obra de Tomás y sus implicancias. A su vez, este descubrimiento se vuelve relevante toda vez que las interpretaciones más difundidas hasta el momento han puesto demasiado énfasis en la faz intelectual dificultando la interpretación de algunos textos importantes.

De esta manera, la obra constituye una pieza importante para avanzar en la comprensión de un tema central en la filosofía tomasiana.

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The Armenian Church in Soviet Armenia

The Policies of the Armenian Bolsheviks and the Armenian Church, 1920-1932

Jakub Osiecki

This book presents the results of comprehensive study on the history of Soviet Armenia and the Armenian Church in the years 1920-32. Through documents uncovered in the Communist Party Archive in Yerevan and the Georgian Historical Archive, press antireligious propaganda, oral testimonies, and biographical interviews conducted by the author, The Armenian Church in Soviet Armenia expands the discussion on the history of the Armenian Church in the 20th century, especially regarding the relations between the spiritual leaders of the Armenian Church and the Bolsheviks. In accordance with stipulations laid out by the Central Committee in consultation with the GPU, Khoren Muradbekian was elected as the Catholicos of All Armenians. His election was the principal reason behind the schism inside the Church– which, especially in the Armenian diaspora, divided not only clergy, but laymen themselves. These divisions, even after hundred years, are still vivid in Armenian society.

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Eucharistic Communion and Rituals of Communion in Igbo Culture

An Integration of Liturgy, Faith, and Culture

Mary-Reginald Anibueze

This book elucidates the dynamism of culture and how cultural expressions are often intertwined with religious expressions. The Catholic Church, while conscious of profound cultural diversities of her members, earnestly seeks to inculturate the gospel message in different cultures for a better expressed, experienced, and lived Catholicism in the modern world. Relational and theological expressions of Eucharistic communion increase in wealth and meaning when Christians of different races and cultures are able to understand the global call to unity and interconnectivity in the world today. Relating the clear theological and relational aspects of Eucharistic communion to the traditional rituals of communion expressed in Igbo culture, enriches both the encountered faith and lived culture. The rituals of communion in Igbo tradition studied, Emume Oji (Ritual Breaking of the Kolanut), Iri Ji Ohuru (New Yam Festival), and Igba Oriko (Reconciliation Ceremony), are still prevalent and valued among the Igbo people. These rituals pilot and determine the wellbeing of present and future generations of Igbo people. An integrative study of liturgy, faith, and culture, establishes the theological and relational aspects of both the traditional rituals of communion in Igbo culture and the Christian understanding of Eucharistic communion, for a truly inculturated Eucharistic theology.

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Emery- Pamphile MBADU MBADU

Face aux nouveaux et nombreux défis de la mondialisation, Jean-Marc Ferry actualise l’ancienne idée philosophique du cosmopolitisme dont les principes sont considérés comme une alternative adaptée à notre monde multipolaire. Le présent ouvrage propose d’en retracer l’architecture : ses aspects essentiels et ses défis. Il montre qu’à partir de sa philosophie de la communication, Ferry analyse d’abord la manière dont fonctionnent les sociétés contemporaines en faisant de l’identité reconstructive sa catégorie organisatrice.

Préoccupé depuis les années 2000 par « l’histoire de l’humanité européenne », il applique ensuite cette identité contemporaine à « l’identité européenne reconstructive ». Son cosmopolitisme processuel tente de concrétiser l’idée philosophique du cosmopolitisme kantien dont la structure juridique de base s’adapte à l’échelle de l’Union Européenne. Il s’agit de construire une « unité de survie » transnationale puisque l’« unité de survie » nationale, bien que nécessaire, n’est plus suffisante. Il serait donc possible de prolonger l’idée cosmopolitique interprétée dans l’histoire européenne vers d’autres entités politiques d’envergure continentale. A condition, toutefois, que les pays concernés parviennent d’abord et avant tout à former une « unité de survie » nationale indispensable à toute « unité de survie » transnationale.  

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Bokyung Kim

This book takes a narrative-critical approach to the meaning and function of debate in the Gospel of Mary. The debate scene in the Gospel of Mary has been interpreted with the assumed framework of the Gnostic-orthodox conflict and feminist biblical studies’ particular interest in the gender issue. When approached narrative-critically, the portrayal of the debate is fundamentally concerned with the narrative’s rhetoric of persuasion. The function of the debate scene is meant to make truth-authority claims by appealing to the authority of divine revelation and the authority of the shared knowledge about Mary, the Savior’s favorite, according to the two models of authority, which were widely used in antiquity (i.e., revelatory authority and literary authority). Scholars and students who are interested in early Christian texts and methods of interpretation could use this book to gain a new look into the meaning of the texts, especially the roles of the interactions among the characters.

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Maasai Women and the Old Testament

Towards an Emancipatory Reading

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Hoyce Lyimo-Mbowe

The research presented in this book is a critical study of some effects of popular biblical interpretations in the context of an East African ethnic group, the Maasai. The book focuses on parallels between concepts of female inferiority in biblical texts and in Maasai traditional culture. It investigates some parallels and analyses their problems as they are conceptualized in popular Maasai biblical interpretation and how these affect the social transformation of the contemporary Maasai women.

Therefore, this book aims at sensitizing readers of the Bible about popular interpretation of biblical texts that consciously, and more often unconsciously, function as a legitimizing force, which authorizes or reinforces socio-cultural structures that oppress women. However, it demonstrates the potential of reading biblical texts from emancipatory perspectives, both in popular and academic critical contexts. Also, this book demonstrates how some popular Maasai biblical interpretations contributes in the academic works for the emancipation of women. Moreover, this work develops its own contextual hermeneutics approach of woman liberation known as enkitok. The new approach borrows some aspects from social fields and it has been employed in this work on some selected biblical texts.

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Religion and Power in Spinoza

Essays on the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus

Edited by Jörg Rudolf Zimmer and Josep Olesti

The Tractatus Theologico-politicus was published anonimously in 1670, thereby challenging a moderately tolerant Dutch Republic (Pierre Bayle’s great arch of the refugees). The defence of libertas philosophandi (freedom of speech and thought) put forward by Spinoza, along with the underlying analysis of the fundamentals of religion and political power, were received as a radical proposal in Modern Europe, though despite prompting severe criticism and considerable amount of refutations, it circulated profusely and was translated into French, English and Dutch before the end of the century.

This volume analyzes into detail Spinoza’s line of reasoning, identifies its allies and its enimies, explores its more or less obvious connections with the Ethica, in order to shed light and reasess the value of this indispensable classic of theological and political thought for our time.

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Zwischen Barmherzigkeit und Dienstleistung

Eine theologisch-tugendethische Perspektive für die Pflege

Kathrin Zumkley

Der Anspruch an die ökonomische Effizienz diktiert zunehmend das Handeln professioneller Pflegekräfte. Das unterläuft nicht nur die Pflegequalität, sondern belastet auch die zwischenmenschliche Beziehung und treibt Pflegende in den Burn-out. Die Autorin beschäftigt sich vor diesem Hintergrund aus ethischer Sicht mit der Frage, was eine „gute Pflege" ausmacht. Dazu stützt sie sich auf einen tugendethischen Ansatz und präsentiert durch ergänzende Ausführungen seitens der Care-Ethik eine alternative Handlungstheorie, die sich an der Kategorie der Beziehung ausrichtet. Compassion fungiert als zentrale Tugend, um die fragile Grenze zwischen Fürsorge und Machtmissbrauch in asymmetrischen Beziehungskonstellationen zu wahren und in den Dienst des guten Lebens für Pflegekräfte und Bewohner zu stellen.

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Güven ÖZDOYRAN

The primary objective of An Inquiry into the Nature of Aesthetic Theory in Its Relation to Theory of Knowledge in Kant’s Critical Philosophy is to investigate Kant’s aesthetic theory and its problematic relation to theory of knowledge in his transcendental philosophy. In the Critique of Judgment, Kant constructs his aesthetic theory by arguing that the aesthetic experience is based on a certain type of feeling, namely, the feeling of pleasure, rather than a concept. He grounds such a feeling on the aesthetic judgment of reflection. In spite of its nonconceptual and subjective characteristic, an aesthetic reflective judgment still has a claim to be universally valid. Here, the feeling of pleasure in beautiful is produced by the free harmonious relation between the imagination and the understanding. Judgment, in its reflective employment, does not determine its object but determines the feeling of pleasure in the judging subject. On the other hand, the categories, as pure concepts of the understanding, carry nearly all the weight in his theory of knowledge presented in the Critique of Pure Reason. The imagination, in this case, is strictly bound up by the rules that are imposed by the concepts of the understanding. By this way, judgment, as a cognitive faculty, determines its object and gains its objective validity. In this context, this book discusses the nature of Kant’s aesthetic theory and the components that constitute a pure aesthetic judgment of reflection and attempts to clarify its proper place in critical philosophy regarding his theory of knowledge.

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Lógos and Máthēma 2

Studies in the Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics

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Roman Murawski