Browse by title
Cultures and Practices
Edited by Dafydd Sills-Jones and Elin Haf Gruffydd Jones
Edited by Ewa Wojno-Owczarska
Dieser Band ist das Ergebnis der wissenschaftlichen Auseinandersetzung mit den Problemen unserer Zeit, die durch die Globalisierungsfolgen geprägt ist. Im Zentrum der Beiträge stehen die Reflexion über die Bedeutung des kulturellen Erbes, der Geisteswissenschaften, der nationalen Geschichte und der historischen Erinnerungsorte. So wird Alexander von Humboldt in der Literatur des 21. Jahrhunderts als Vorreiter des globalen Denkens und Erkunder der Welttopographie gewürdigt. Die Autoren der Beiträge reflektieren die Polyvalenz moderner Identitäten im globalen Raum. Sie diskutieren den Begriff „Weltliteratur", literarische Topoi der Mehrsprachigkeit und die Umsetzung von politischen und weiteren globalen Krisen in Literatur und Kunst.
Edited by Ewa Wojno-Owczarska
Dieser Band ist das Ergebnis der wissenschaftlichen Auseinandersetzung mit den Problemen unserer Zeit, die durch die Globalisierungsfolgen geprägt ist. Die hier versammelten Texte unterstreichen die Bedeutung der Bewältigung der globalen Probleme: Umweltdesaster, ökonomische Krisen und Leistungsdruck in der globalisierten Arbeitswelt müssen politische Lösungen finden. Die Beiträge widmen sich zudem der wachsenden Divergenz von sprachlichen und politischen Grenzen, den Problemen Migration und Flucht als Folgen globaler Krisen, der Identitätsfindung von mehrsprachigen Dichtern, den Autoren mit Migrationshintergrund und den Vertretern der sogenannten „kleinen Literatur" wie auch den internationalen Standards im wissenschaftlichen Betrieb. Schließlich bieten zwei literarische Texte den Blick auf den Nationenbegriff und die Aspekte Mehrsprachigkeit und kulturelle Heterogenität.
Nigerian Society, Education, and Empowerment
This book identifies and examine the changing roles of Nigerian women: in the family, educational attainment and society as experienced and expressed by a sample of educated, Nigerian women. Five of the participants were children caught in Biafran (Nigerian) war and their education was interrupted during the war. All struggle to gain education as girls and women growing up in Nigeria in families with sometimes limited resources. The book is based on the assumption that changes are taking place at all levels of Nigerian society, and that these changes are reflected in the way Nigerian women think and express views about themselves and their extended families. Nine Nigerian women resident in Egypt, were interviewed in depth using the 'topical life history' method to reveal their attitudes and perceptions concerning the woman's role in the family. In lengthy, free form, non-directive interviews, the participants recount their life histories from small children to the present day, and in this process comment and reveal their feelings about personal, family and social issues. Based on a literature review some eight hypotheses are identified and examined concerning these issues and the participants' views about them. The response data are grouped under the hypotheses and analyzed. Conclusions suggest changing role patterns of women as expressed by these women from lower- and middle-class families, concerning education male and female children, bearing progeny, polygamy, earning income to provide for the family, marriage, male domination and influences and pressures from the extended family.
Poder y diplomacia económica en las relaciones internacionales
Arturo Santa Cruz
En este libro Arturo Santa Cruz desarrolla una concepción del poder como relación social y la aplica consistentemente al ámbito económico de las relaciones de Estados Unidos con otros países del hemisferio occidental. Siguiendo el debate académico y popular acerca de los altibajos de la hegemonía estadounidense, este trabajo centra su análisis en un caso crítico para el ejercicio del poder estadounidense a través de su diplomacia económica (o economic statecraft): el continente americano su zona de influencia histórica. La racionalidad del enfoque regional es metodológico: is se puede demostrar que la influencia de Washington ha disminuido en el área desde inicios de la década de los años 70 del siglo pasado, cuando la discusióon sobre la materia inició, puede asumirse que lo mismo ha ocurrido en otras latitudes. El análisis se concentra en tres regiones: Norteamérica, Centroamérica y Sudamérica. Puesto que cada región contiene estados que en ocasiones han mantenido muy diferentes relaciones con Estados Unidos, los hallazgos contribuyen a un mejor entendimiento de la práctica del poder en la sub-región en cuestión, añadiendo variabilidad a los resultados generales.
La hegemonía estadounidense y el continente americano: Poder y diplomacia económica en las relaciones internacionales es una fuente invaluable para estudiantes y académicos interesados en la política y la historia de América Latina, en la integración regional en América del Norte, en la teoría de Relaciones Internacionales, en la Diplomacia Económica, en Economía Política, y en Política Comparada
Theoretical Aspects and Pragmatic Issues
This book is the first monograph on interpreting issues related to Taiwan Sign Language (TSL). TSL is the language used amongst deaf communities in Taiwan. As far as interpreting from and into TSL is concerned, there are numerous issues and inadequacies to be tackled in terms of the professional identity and the services provided. Research on this issue is crucial because it aims at raising the self-awareness of TSL interpreters and the quality of the interpretation itself. The results of this research monograph have implications for sign language interpreting in regard to research, pedagogy and practice, insofar as they raise the awareness of one’s own professional figure. This seems to be a crucial deontological factor in any discussion related to interpreting rights.
Justin B. Hopkins
Autoethnography in Undergraduate Writing Courses blends narrative and analysis in an engaging and applicable account of how the genre of autoethnography can be a valuable addition or alternative to traditional research assignments.
Many writing teachers struggle to motivate and equip students to conduct meaningful and effective research. Practicing autoethnography—the scholarly combination of personal reflection, artistic representation, and social/cultural research—provides an opportunity for students to research and write about something that genuinely interests them: their own experiences.
A genre of personal writing, autoethnography is comparable to pedagogy pioneered by expressivists like Donald Murray, Peter Elbow, and Wendy Bishop, among others. However, combining personal writing with research—as autoethnography does—is more rare. Some compositionists have already used autoethnography in their own research and teaching, but this book demonstrates why more compositionists should consider adopting autoethnography into their pedagogy.
The author shares his own experience teaching autoethnography at the undergraduate level, modeling its potential and demonstrating its impact. Written in a lively, conversational voice, the book presents substantial qualitative research, including samples of student writing, supplemented by student interviews and surveys.
These data indicate that practicing autoethnography can have unusually, if not uniquely, positive effects on students’ lives. Specifically, the author identifies and illustrates eight outcomes of practicing autoethnography: increased reflexivity, improved research and writing skills, greater awareness of ethical issues, critical empowerment, therapeutic catharsis, enjoyment, and the development of a sense of community.
An Inside Account
In the final decades of the 20th century, a confluence of factors precipitated a policy change in the criminal justice arena that led to unprecedented growth. This growth translated into the criminalization, sentencing and incarceration of tens of thousands of marginalized people in the United States. These factors are considered in Behind American Prison Policy and Population Growth: An Inside Account. Tales are told of the increased prison population that necessitated a continuous unfolding of prison construction projects, rehabbing abandoned state hospitals and private prisons, all with the aim of more and more secure accommodations. During this time, the author was a participant/observer at all correctional security levels, treatment and medical facilities and personnel training in this system. His roles over the years included increased responsibility and regular direct contact with incarcerated individuals in on-the-line or line supervisor positions. The narrative is enhanced by the author's background as social science scholar. This is a unique perspective, documenting a historic upturn in long-term detention addressing crime and disorder. These overarching realities produced struggle across all participants, including clients, staff, consultants and visitors. Their stories of being swept up in the constant demand for increasing capacity offer compelling background to the consequences of visceral responses guiding criminal justice.
The Law of Inspection in the Age of Global Spectral Media
Cinema Derrida charts Jacques Derrida's collaborations and appearances in film, video, and television beginning with 1983's Ghost Dance (dir. Ken McMullen, West Germany/UK) and ending with 2002's biographical documentary Derrida (dir. Dick and Ziering, USA). In the last half of his working life, Derrida embraced popular art forms and media in more ways than one: not only did he start making more media appearances after years of refusing to have his photo taken in the 1960s and 1970s, but his philosophy also started to draw more explicitly from visual culture and artistic endeavours. While this book offers explanations of this transition, it contends the image of "Jacques Derrida" that emerges from film and TV appearances remains spectral, constantly deferring a complete grasp of him.
Tyson Stewart draws out the main tenets of spectrality from Derrida's seminal texts Of Grammatology and Specters of Marx and other writings, like Echographies of Television, in order to fill a gap in studies of Derrida and film. Throughout the book, he explains how various techniques and spectral effects such as slow motion, stillness, repetition, mise-en-abîme, direct address, and focus on body parts/bodily presence bring about a structure of spectrality wherein the past other returns to make impressions and ethical demands on the viewer. Drawing on communication theory and film and media studies, Cinema Derrida makes a major intervention in classical communication thought.
Mappings in the Literature and Culture of Afro-America, 25th Anniversary Edition
A. Robert Lee
Across more than two centuries Afro-America has created a huge and dazzling variety of literary self-expression. Designs of Blackness provides less a narrative literary history than, precisely, a series of mappings—each literary-critical and comparative while at the same time offering cultural and historical context. This carefully re-edited version of the 1998 publication opens with an estimation of earliest African American voice in the names of Phillis Wheatley and her contemporaries. It then takes up the huge span of autobiography from Frederick Douglass through to Maya Angelou. "Harlem on My Mind," which follows, sets out the literary contours of America’s premier black city. Womanism, Alice Walker’s presiding term, is given full due in an analysis of fiction from Harriet E. Wilson to Toni Morrison. Richard Wright is approached not as some regulation "realist" but as a more inward, at times near-surreal, author. Decadology has its risks but the 1940s has rarely been approached as a unique era of war and peace and especially in African American texts. Beat Generation work usually adheres to Ginsberg and Kerouac, but black Beat writing invites its own chapter in the names of Amiri Baraka, Ted Joans and Bob Kaufman. The 1960s has long become a mythic change-decade, and in few greater respects than as a black theatre both of the stage and politics. In Leon Forrest African America had a figure of the postmodern turn; his work is explored in its own right and for how it takes its place in the context of other reflexive black fiction. "African American Fictions of Passing" unpacks the whole deceptive trope of "race" in writing from Williams Wells Brown through to Charles Johnson. The two newly added chapters pursue African American literary achievement into the Obama-Trump century, fiction from Octavia Butler to Darryl Pinkney, poetry from Rita Dove to Kevin Young.