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Between Construction and Deconstruction of the Universes of Meaning

Research into the Religiosity of Academic Youth in the Years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017

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Edited by Sławomir H. Zaręba and Marcin Zarzecki

Among young people, symptoms of social change emerge in a multiple manner. This observation by Karl Mannheim inspired the concept of the survey of social and religious attitudes conducted by the integrated research team of employees of the Department of Sociology of Religion in the Institute of Sociology at Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw and Institute for Catholic Church Statistics SAC. The title of the book is an intentional reference to the concept of social constructionism. This idea manifests itself in the subjective function of participants of an interaction who reconstruct social contexts in the course of the interaction on the basis of symbolic meanings. The conducted survey is a diachronic measurement with statistical time series of the years 1988 – 1998 – 2005 – 2017. The survey uses the research tool in which dimensions were primarily established by Charles Glock and Rodney Stark and a community component by Ohio Fukuyama. The term ‘global profession of faith’ was introduced by French sociologists Louis Dingemans and Jean Rémy to describe motivation and dynamics of changes of one’s individual religiousness and identification of individuals with religious group of reference. In this survey of social and religious attitudes of young university students, religiousness dimensions adopted by forms of activity on the Internet were added to the research tool.

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Edited by Àngels Casals Martinez and Giovanni C. Cattini

The present book is a complex approach to the elements that built the Catalan national identity, which can only be analyzed through its complexity and longue durée historical times.
Regarding medieval and early modern centuries, the territorial construction, law and state are presented, along with the complexity added by the appearance of composite monarchies in the 16th century, and taking into account the significance of constructing a literary and historiographic tradition to define national character.
Regarding modern centuries, the authors do not ignore the importance of socioeconomic dimensions in a very complex diversity which flows both in the intellectual and political world and in the dissemination of identity through the mass media in an international level as well.
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Citizen, Citizenship and Awareness of Citizenship

Intellectual, Political, and Social Debates in the Historical and Theoretical Framework for the Western Citizenship Case

Fikret Çelik

This book discusses the political, social and cultural change of Western civilization since ancient Greek in the adventure of civic thought in political theory. The aim of this book is to contribute to the discussion of citizenship through "citizenship awareness", because the phenomenon of citizenship, which is sometimes included in other political and social theories in the Western literature, is an even less studied subject in the "citizenship awareness" dimension. This book, while giving the opportunity to examine the views of academicians and intellectuals living in the modern and post-modern period on citizenship through a single text, provides the views of these individuals within the framework of "citizenship awareness" to those who are interested in the subject with different comments and evaluations.

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Contemporary Topics in Computer Graphics and Games

Selected Papers from the Eurasia Graphics Conference Series

Edited by Veysi İşler, Haşmet Gürçay, Hasan Kemal Süher and Güven Çatak

This book provides an introduction and overview of the rapidly evolving topics of computer graphics and games, presenting the new perspectives employed by researchers and the industry, highlighting the recent empirical findings. Bringing selected papers from the Eurasia Graphics conference series together, the book aims to discuss issues, solutions, challenges, and needs for a better understanding of computer graphics and games.

The Games and Simulation section of this book covers the topics of game user experience, game narrative, playability heuristics, human computer interaction and various computer simulations. The Computer Graphics section deals with 3D modelling, procedural content generation, visualization, and interaction techniques.

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Edited by Mustafa Demirkiran and Burhanettin Uysal

All people around the world are directly or indirectly under the influence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which appeared in China in December 2019, and the COVID-19 pandemic caused by it. This pandemic, which is still ongoing, has infected over 40 million people and killed around 1 million, according to the latest data from the World Health Organization. Besides significant effects on human health, the overall effect of the pandemic will be much greater than predicted, as it can also cause major social and economic problems. In this context, the book contributes with 10 original scientific studies for understanding the health, social, and economic aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Thierno Guèye

Ce livre est une critique du consensus autour d’une sorte d’indéfinissabilité des « nanotechnologies » qui autoriserait chaque acteur à forger sa propre définition. C’est pourquoi, dans cet ouvrage, l’auteur s’est engagé à faire ressortir les débats autour de l’histoire du concept, de l’étymologie et de la prolifération des définitions influencée par les rivalités économiques, les enjeux stratégiques et les intérêts hétérogènes des acteurs. L’auteur cherche à dépasser ce relativisme convenu en mettant l’accent sur les instruments technologiques qui nous ont permis de contrôler physiquement les réalités à l’échelle nanométrique et de privilégier la prise en compte des changements de propriétés inhérents à l’échelle quantique où se déroule toute activité véritablement nano. Ce livre s’adresse à la fois aux chercheurs, aux étudiants et aux curieux désireux d’en savoir un peu plus sur cette technoscience révolutionnaire et les débats qui en ponctuent le développement.

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De la furia a la acción colectiva

Las represalias violentas en Argentina

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Leandro Gamallo

Eventos catalogados mediáticamente como “ajusticiamientos populares”, “estallidos”, “puebladas” o “linchamientos”, entre otras denominaciones, se han multiplicado en Argentina desde fines de la primera década del siglo XXI. Dichos términos se han usado indistintamente para nombrar, por ejemplo, golpizas a supuestos delincuentes en la vía pública, incendios de casas de presuntos violadores, ataques a comisarías barriales luego de un delito y hasta destrozos generalizados en edificios públicos luego de un homicidio. Estas acciones violentas se han producido en distintas localidades del país con intensidad y repercusión disímiles, pero con un elemento común: surgen luego de un agravio inicial al que un colectivo de personas responde violentamente. Esta investigación describe y explica dichas acciones, conceptualizadas como acciones colectivas de violencia punitiva.
A partir de un diseño metodológico mixto apoyado en una base de datos cuantitativa y la realización de estudios de caso cualitativos, se corrobora el crecimiento de estos hechos en el tiempo y se muestran los distintos tipos: los linchamientos a personas, los ataques de casas o bienes y los estallidos en los que, con frecuencia, se destruyen dependencias estatales. Sostenemos que estos episodios se enmarcan en el proceso de transformaciones de la acción colectiva en Argentina, particularmente en dos de sus características: la emergencia de la violencia colectiva como un modo de expresión de disconformidades recurrente de las últimas décadas y el protagonismo cada vez mayor de las demandas de justicia y reparación vinculadas a diversos tipos de violencias.

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Yana Milev

Seit das „Ende des Kommunismus" auf 1990 festgeschrieben und der „Unrechtsstaat DDR" der Justiz übergeben wurde, inszenieren neue Institutionen, Stiftungen und Behörden auf Bundesebene den ökonomischen, kulturellen und moralischen Erfolg des Rechtsstaates. Dabei wird die Mehrheit der Neubürger mit Schockereignissen des krassen sozialen Wandels und der gesellschaftlichen Stigmatisierung konfrontiert. Konzepte wie „Transformation", „Modernisierung" und „Demokratisierung" treten als Euphemismen auf, die über eine neoliberale Annexion der „Neuländer" hinwegtäuschen. Das Investmentprojekt „Aufschwung Ost" ist ein Laborfall der Globalisierung. Über eine Aufarbeitung der DDR im Totalitarismus- und Diktaturenvergleich hinaus ist eine politische Soziologie der Landnahme, des Gesellschaftsumbaus und des strukturellen Kolonialismus in Ostdeutschland längst überfällig. Das Forschungsprogramm „Entkoppelte Gesellschaft. Liberalisierung und Widerstand in Ostdeutschland seit 1989/90. Ein soziologisches Laboratorium" will im dreißigsten Jahr der „Einheit" diesem Thema mit einer mehrbändigen Publikation Rechnung tragen.

Der Band „Exil" belegt den Zusammenhang zwischen der Annexions-, Vertreibungs- und Assimilationspolitik der Bundesregierung im Beitrittsgebiet und dem rapiden Anstieg von Krankheit, Sterblichkeit, Substanzkonsum, Suizid, Abwanderung oder Kinderlosigkeit. Die Entkopplung der DDR-Bevölkerung aus soziokulturellen Gefügen und die institutionelle Diskriminierung ihrer Herkunft haben einen intergenerativen Ost-West-Kulturkonflikt und das Exil im eigenen Land zur Folge.

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Tsvetomira Danova

John of Damascus is one of the most remarkable figures among the Church Fathers. The reception of his theological and philosophical works among the Orthodox Slavs in the Middle Ages has been comparatively well researched – unlike that of his homiletic works. This book is devoted to four Slavonic translations of three homilies of John of Damascus dedicated to the Mother of God. It offers the first comprehensive, complex study of the translations of John’s First and Third Homilies on the Dormition and his Homily on the Nativity of the Mother of God, preserved in South Slavic hagiographic and homiletic collections. The problems related to the textual tradition and translational peculiarities of these works have a central place in this study. It is supplemented with an edition of the Slavonic translations with parallel Greek text, as well as with a Slavonic-Greek and Greek-Slavonic list of content words.

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Aline Duvoisin

L’ampleur et l’exceptionnalité qui ont caractérisé le baby-boom ont concouru à en construire une représentation dénuée de nuances. L'ouvrage interroge alors l'hétérogénéité qui a caractérisé ce phénomène dans le contexte suisse. Dans une perspective de parcours de vie et en recourant à des méthodes mixtes, l'interrelation des trajectoires familiales et professionnelles des cohortes féminines est examinée au regard du système de valeurs promulgué dans la société suisse de l'époque pour montrer comment un phénomène d’ampleur a pu être le produit d’une diversité de parcours de vie. Si l'ouvrage se concentre sur la Suisse, le développement de l’approche méthodologique mixte qu'il propose offre un cadre d’analyse renouvelé, dont les apports pour la compréhension du baby-boom peuvent être transférer à divers contextes nationaux et à l'étude d'autres phénomènes démographiques.