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Revisiting Vygotsky for Social Change

Bringing Together Theory and Practice

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Edited by Adolfo Tanzi Neto, Fernanda Liberali and Manolis Dafermos

Contemporary thinkers and researchers from different parts of the world involved in achieving human development employ Vygotsky’s theory in order to deal with new social challenges arising in a global but deeply divided world (Santos, 2000; Souza e Santos, 2008; Martín-Baró, 1998). The chapters of this book shed light onto Vygotsky’s initial principles adding critical and social perspectives as a way of expanding his legacy to global contemporary needs such as a critical reflection from the perspective of social change, social dynamics and human development, ethical-political situations of action power, dialectic relationship of the human being with society, contradictions in an individual’s dramatic life events and awareness of the social environment to actively change the existing forms of life.

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Breast Cancer Inside Out

Bodies, Biographies & Beliefs

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Edited by Kimberly R. Myers

This book offers a 360° look at breast cancer from individuals who have intimate understanding of and experience with it: patients who have lived or are living with the disease; healthcare providers whose perspectives patients and families rarely get to know; and researchers and scholars who examine breast cancer through various scientific and cultural lenses. Here you will meet 33 individuals from the UK and US who provide both factual information and personal insights in different forms: historical overview, personal essay, interview, play script, poem, interpersonal vignette, practical guidelines, comic, mixed-media photography exhibit and scholarly analysis.

Breast cancer changes lives. This book is meant to be a single go-to source for people who want to understand more fully and clearly the lived experience of breast cancer – what those who know it best think and do and feel.

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Edited by Borut Rončević and Matej Makarovič

From the dawn of humanity, the dialectic relationship between technology and society has been one of the driving forces behind changes in both realms. Trends in technological developments and their applications are, ultimately, the result of individual and collective choices. At the same time, technology influences the social choices of individuals, small groups and entire societies. This book focuses on two closely related ideas: technological development and social choices. While relating them, the book shows the relationship between human individuals and their agency; social structures, both as the initial context and as resulting from human agency; and technology that has been developed and applied by human agents’ choices within social contexts.

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Normas restrictivas sobre aborto en América Latina

Una mirada desde la biolegitimidad

Ana Cristina González-Vélez

Este libro aborda el debate sobre los supuestos morales que subyacen a las regulaciones y prácticas, es decir, a las normas restrictivas sobre aborto en América Latina. En particular propone que la noción de biolegitimidad es un aspecto central de esta moralidad y que es en virtud del menor valor que se le reconoce o asigna a la vida de las mujeres, que tales restricciones se mantienen en todos los países de la región. Este menor valor se vincula, en el campo de la reproducción, con el rechazo a las mujeres que se niegan —cuando abortan— a la maternidad como un destino. Así, la persistencia de las normas restrictivas sobre aborto se fundamenta en la menor legitimidad que se otorga a la vida de las mujeres como biografía, limitando su libertad en materia de autodeterminación reproductiva. En este trabajo se cruzan el feminismo, la salud pública, el derecho y la bioética, el campo en el cual se ordena la conversación aquí propuesta. En suma, el libro ofrece una reflexión sobre los valores y principios que informan las normas —entendidas tanto en su sentido formal en cuanto disposiciones del derecho positivo, como en su sentido informal en tanto prácticas sociales— sobre aborto en América Latina.

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Dostojewskij und St. Petersburg

Die Stadt und ihr literarischer Mythos

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Edited by Christoph Garstka

Wohl kein anderer Schriftsteller ist im internationalen Bewusstsein so eng mit der Stadt St. Petersburg verbunden wie Fjodor M. Dostojewskij. Der Sohn eines Moskauer Armenarztes hat das Bild der Stadt an der Newa, ihr „Image" in der Welt und ihren Mythos bestimmt und verewigt. Seit der große Zar Peter in den finnischen Sümpfen seine Hauptstadt buchstäblich auf den Knochen tausender Zwangsarbeiter errichtet hat, hat die nördliche Metropole zahllose russische Denker beschäftigt. Welche Bedeutung hat St. Petersburg für die russische Kultur, welche Stellung nimmt diese zweite Hauptstadt im russischen Denken gerade in Opposition zur „Mutter aller russischen Städte", Moskau ein?

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On an Electric Arc

Andrzej Bobkowski Writing

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Maciej Nowak

Maciej Nowak’s book is the first monograph on the writings of Andrzej Bobkowski (1913–1961), a Polish émigré writer from the millieu of Jerzy Giedroyc’s Kultura journal. Bobkowski is famous for his diary Wartime Notebooks: France 1940–1944, translated into many languages, including English. Using current methods of the French school in the study of diaristics and epistolography, Nowak overcomes the limits of aesthetic analysis to reach the anthropological center of Bobkowski’s authorial practices. In this way, Nowak unveils the existential and axiological dimension of Bobkowski’s work. Thus, the book offers a coherent depiction of the rich and diverse writings of Bobkowski, prepared with methods of modern humanities.

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Sexuality: From Intimacy to Politics

With Focus on Slovakia in the Globalized World

Gabriel Bianchi

The book seeks to answer questions that emerge when human sexuality leaves the medical/sexological context and gets into the focus of social sciences. It provides an insight into a geopolitical region (Slovakia) where, for ideological reasons, research on sexuality was impossible for decades. The most provoking questions in the book are: What was the price human sexuality has had to pay for the attention received from scientific medicine since the 19th century? What is the current transmutation of intimacy about? Why do we need to talk about healthy sex and not only about sexual health? What do we know about, and what can we learn from, the boundary between wanted and unwanted sex? Do we need new norms for sexuality? Why is sexuality so important in politics?

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Unacknowledged Legislators

Studies in Russian Literary History and Poetics in Honor of Michael Wachtel

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Edited by Lazar Fleishman, David M. Bethea and Ilya Vinitsky

The 50th volume of Stanford Slavic Studies brings together prominent international specialists in the study of Russian literary history. 42 contributors are affiliated with leading academic centers in the United States, the European Union, United Kingdom, Russia, and Israel. Their essays propose new approaches and introduce hitherto unknown materials that address themes central to literary scholarship, such as theory of Russian verse, history of Russian Formalism, Russian-German and Russian-Italian cultural ties. The chapters of this book cover such towering figures of modern Russian letters as Pushkin, Gogol, Akhmatova, Mandelshtam, Nabokov, and Pasternak.

The volume is dedicated to the distinguished authority in Russian poetry and comparative literary studies, Professor of Princeton University Michael Wachtel.

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Insane Run

Railroad and Dark Modernity

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Wojciech Tomasik

This is a book about impending catastrophe. The metaphorical insane “run“ ends with the outbreak of the First World War. The book focuses on European culture of the late nineteenth century and the Polish contribution to it. The word “dark“ used to describe modernity is understood as a metaphor of gradual and permanent devaluation of the idea of progress, as a fading hope for the future of Europe as bright, predictable, prosperous, and safe. The “darkening“ also receives a literal sense. At the end of the nineteenth century, darkness found its way back to the public space – in the theaters, panoramas, dioramas, and “love tunnels“, which awaited the visitors of American and European amusement parks.
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Les Bucoliques de Théocrite

Construction et déconstruction d’un Recueil

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Alain Blanchard

Les dix idylles bucoliques de Théocrite que la tradition manuscrite place, comme embléma-tiques, en tête de son œuvre, mais dans un certain désordre, constituaient-elles, à l’origine, un recueil organisé ? On en a douté à l’époque moderne. Mais des recherches récentes (Jean Irigoin, Claude Meillier et l’auteur lui-même) permettent d’être plus optimiste. Le livre présenté ici s’appuie en particulier sur la découverte que l’Idylle IX, considérée jusque-là par la majorité des savants comme apocryphe, confirme en fait l’authenticité de l’ensemble des dix idylles bucoliques de Théocrite et code même les grandes proportions du Recueil. L’étude des structures numériques permet alors de reconstituer avec sûreté l’organisation de celui-ci, conduisant ainsi à une analyse littéraire plus exacte et à une édition du texte grec plus respectueuse de la tradition manuscrite.