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Les nouveaux paradigmes du projet ?

Transition, adaptation, résilience

Edited by Helga-Jane Scarwell and Philippe Deboudt

Transition, adaptation, résilience : ces trois notions ont été choisies pour identifier et analyser dans cet ouvrage au travers de multiples contextes géographiques, échelles de l’action, figures d’acteurs et temporalité de l’aménagement, les nouveaux paradigmes du projet. La transition constitue le premier nouveau paradigme du projet analysé dans la première partie de l’ouvrage. La transition accompagne-t-elle la généralisation d’une inflexion du projet vers la préfiguration comme nouveau mode opératoire ? Le projet n’apparaîtrait-il pas comme une opportunité à saisir pour engager les villes et les territoires sur le chemin de la transition environnementale ? L’adaptation représente le second nouveau paradigme du projet constituant le fil directeur de la seconde partie de l’ouvrage. A la différence de la première partie dans laquelle les transitions ont principalement concerné le fait urbain et les villes, l’adaptation est envisagée pour des territoires plus diversifiés. Quelles sont les nouvelles figures de l’action, quelles sont les méthodes qui s’imposent en parallèle du projet pour envisager l’adaptation des villes et des territoires aux enjeux environnementaux et au changement climatique ? Dans la troisième partie, la résilience représente le dernier paradigme mobilisé. La notion même de projet a-t-elle encore du sens ou n’est-elle plus qu’une fiction, lorsque domine la vulnérabilité, l’inégalité, l’instabilité, l’incertitude ? Quels projets ou stratégies sont conçus et mis en œuvre dans les villes et les territoires pour assurer leur résilience ?

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Cultures in Conflict

Religion, History and Gender in Northern Europe c. 1800–2000

Edited by Alexander Maurits, Johannes Ljungberg and Erik Sidenvall

This book includes studies of main conflict areas in modern Western societies where religion has been a central element, ranging from popular movements and narratives of opposition to challenges of religious satire and anti-clerical critique. Special attention is given to matters of politics and gender. With this theme, it provides a useful guide to conflict areas in modern European religious history.

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Walther Kindt

Was der Verhaltensbiologie gelungen ist – nämlich die Entwicklung von einer beschreibenden zu einer erklärenden Wissenschaft – das sollte auch Ziel der Linguistik sein. Der Autor zeigt auf, wie sich dieses Ziel im systemtheoretischen Rahmen erreichen lässt. Zunächst ist das Grundlagenproblem unzureichender Begriffsdefinitionen und Testverfahren zu lösen, um zu korrekten Beschreibungen und induktiv abgeleiteten Gesetzmäßigkeiten zu gelangen. Dadurch lassen sich bereits viele neue Erkenntnisse gewinnen. Sodann kann man für empirisch ermittelte Sachverhalte nach Erklärungen suchen, die auf allgemeinen Prinzipien oder Erwartungen beruhen. Diese Suche ist unter anderem dann zumeist erfolgreich, wenn sie durch Symmetriebrüche und eine konsequente Faktorenanalyse erleichtert wird.

Open access

The (Near) Future of Central Bank Digital Currencies

Risks and Opportunities for the Global Economy and Society

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Edited by Nicola Bilotta and Fabrizio Botti

The value of global cashless payments has been radically increasing worldwide. Despite cash being the most used payment instrument in the world, technological innovation and new consumer preferences are decisively transforming the way consumers pay and manage money. The COVID-19 pandemic may also have been an accelerator of the cashless mega-trend. Private players currently dominate the digital payment ecosystem, urging central banks to seek solutions to ensure public access to legal tender if cash is phased out. In this context, the idea of a Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) is gaining momentum. Nevertheless, there is a need to better understand the implications in terms of risks, benefits and potential costs of CBDCs. From privacy concerns to macroeconomic effects, these implications blur the boundaries of the payment and financial systems, challenging the core functions of our economy and society.

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Edited by Jorge Cagiao y Conde and Alain-G. Gagnon

The controversial issue of secession has received little attention from experts of federalism. The best federal studies either evade it or dismiss it in a few lines. However, the issue of secession has been present throughout the history of federations. This book is one of the first to explore the complex relationship between federalism and secession.

The authors whose work is presented here recognize the potential of federalism as a way to organize relations between several different states, peoples, nations or territories under the same government. However, they are not naïve or idealist about the ability of the federal idea to succeed in the complex situations in which it is applied. In some cases success seems assured (the United States, Switzerland, Germany, etc.), and the merits of federalism can be showcased. But there are also failures (the former Yugoslavia, or more recently Brexit) and semi-failures that have generated turbulence in recent years in devolutive systems (Scotland in the United Kingdom, Catalonia in Spain) or federative systems (Québec in Canada).

This book provides a nuanced portrait of the issue of secession in federal contexts and lays the groundwork for questioning the still too fragile legacy of the great thinkers of federalism.

Open access

Edited by Cyril Levitt and Sabine Sander

This posthumously published work by Lawrence Krader surveys the study of myths from ancient times (in classical Greece and Rome, Egypt, Babylon, Akkad, Sumer, China), in the Biblical traditions, of the indigenous peoples of the Americas and Australia, and from Northeastern and Central Asia. It also covers the various approaches to the study of myth in Europe in the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and Enlightenment, and the Romantic movement in the late eighteenth and early to mid-nineteenth century; it discusses evolutionist, structuralist, hermeneutic, and linguistic approaches. The book covers on the one hand the treatment of myth from the inside, that is from the experience of those committed to the myth, and on the other the perspective of those ethnologists, philosophers and other students of myth who are outsiders. Krader takes up the theme of esoteric and exoteric myths as he rejects some of the assumptions and approaches to the study of myth from the past while singling out others for approval and inclusion in his general theory of myth. The book includes a discussion of myth in science and in infinitesimal mathematics. It also considers the relationship between myth and ideology in the twentieth century in relation to politics and power. It both incorporates and broadens Krader’s theory of nature as a manifold consisting of different orders of space-time which he developed in his magnum opus Noetics: The Science of Thinking and Knowing.

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Ilias Ben Mna

This book examines the reverberations of key components of Ronald Reagan’s ideology in selected Hollywood blockbuster movies. The aim of this analysis is to provide a clearer understanding of the intertwinement of cinematic spectacles with neoliberalism and neoconservatism. The analysis comprises a dissection of Reagan’s presidential rhetoric and the examination of four seminal Hollywood blockbuster movies. The time range for analysis stretches from the 1980s until the 2010s. Among the key foci are filmic content as well as production and distribution contexts. It is concluded that Reagan’s political metaphors and the corporatization of film studios in the 1970s and 1980s continue to shape much of Hollywood blockbuster filmmaking.

Open access

Anil Jacob Kunnel

In today’s global and digitalized world, the investigation of relational trust as part of social connections has remained a popular and interdisciplinary academic topic. This book explores the idea of trust as a basic type of information processing that might be as old as human existence but has gained new attention with the emergence of online communication channels. The result is a strategic reconsideration of the brain’s role in the formation of social relationships and a new look at how information might shape our confidence in others.

Open access

L’émergence de la norme internationale sur le « crime d’honneur »

Une analyse du discours onusien dans la perspective de l’histoire des religions

Aurore Schwab

Ce livre ouvre un nouveau champ d’études : les dynamiques normatives globales relatives aux religions. Le cas de la norme internationale des droits de l’homme sur la pratique du crime d’honneur retient l’attention car elle a un potentiel de dissémination mondiale et participe à la controverse sur la religiosité de la pratique du crime d’honneur au Pakistan. En empruntant la perspective de l’histoire des religions et la méthode d’analyse du discours, l’auteure atteint trois objectifs : la reconstruction des événements qui produisent la norme internationale, la mise en exergue des mécanismes sous-jacents aux discours onusiens et l’examen de la religiosité des pratiques normatives onusiennes et pakistanaises.

Open access

Der Traum in der neueren russischen Lyrik

Elena Švarc, Ol’ga Sedakova und Gennadij Ajgi

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Katina Baharova

Der Traum als Medium transzendenter Erfahrungen ist ein bevorzugtes literarisches Motiv von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Auch in der russischen inoffiziellen Lyrik der Sowjetzeit entwickelt der Traum metaphysische Dimensionen, die auf individuelle Weise gestaltet werden. Anhand der Analyse exemplarischer Gedichte wird die Traumpoetik von Elena Švarc, Ol’ga Sedakova und Gennadij Ajgi erschlossen und im Hinblick auf ihre Spezifik vergleichend ausgewertet. Die dichterisch geformten Träume erweisen sich als Wege zur Gottesbegegnung (Sedakova), zu spiritueller Selbsterkenntnis (Švarc) oder auch zu mystischer Naturerfahrung (Ajgi). Die drei AutorInnen verorten sich dadurch im literaturhistorischen Kontext der metaphysischen Lyrik, deren Tradition sie durch das Traummotiv fortsetzen.