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Edited by Cyril Levitt

This book focuses on the beginnings of capitalism in Central Europe with emphasis on the German-speaking areas from the 14th to the 17th century. It also reviews and assesses the writings on the topic by the most important thinkers of the twentieth century. At the center of the presentation are the developments in mining, metallurgy, smelting, book publishing, clock making, ship building and advances in trade, commerce and finance. This book will be of interest to students of medieval and early modern European history, the so-called transition debate of feudalism to capitalism, social scientists and historians who are interested in the various transitions in human history, and philosophers who follow developments in the changing issues regarding freedom and bondage over the course of human development. Anthropologists who are familiar with Krader’s writings on the development of the Asiatic mode of production will be interested to see how Krader treats this transition from feudalism to capitalism by way of comparison and contrast.

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Constituents of Political Theory

Selected Articles of the Warsaw School of Political Theory

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Edited by Mirosław Karwat, Filip Pierzchalski and Marcin Tobiasz

The book presents a collection of articles authored by several members of the Warsaw School of Political Theory, affiliated with the University of Warsaw. The team of scholars, whose roots extend to the 1970s when professor Artur Bodnar founded the Political Theory Research Group at University of Warsaw’s Methodical Centre for Political Science (COM SNP), has been conducting research under the leadership of professor Miros³aw Karwat. The school’s most distinguishing features include: the acceptance of the directives and principles of methodological holism, the acceptance and creative development of holistic integral definitions, the application of sociocentric spatial analyses, and a critical approach to the “cratocentric” tradition.

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De fragments en traces

Déchiffrer dans leurs écrits le récit d’expérience de mobilité courte d’étudiants japonais en France

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Marie-Françoise Pungier

Pourquoi des étudiants japonais décident-ils de participer à un stage de langue et de culture, organisé par leur université, en France ? Quelles significations donnent-ils aux expériences qu’ils y font ? Pour comprendre les éléments qui structurent une expérience de mobilité académique courte entre Japon et France, l’auteure de l’ouvrage, s’engageant dans une recherche-implication, se penche sur plusieurs séries de restitutions d’expérience produites, sur prescription institutionnelle, par des étudiants-voyageurs avant, pendant ou après leur séjour en France. Elle prend le parti de développer son analyse, relevant d’une approche qualitative, autour de la nature fragmentaire des récits recueillis et d’y rechercher les traces qui dénotent, malgré la variété des supports et des formats d’écriture, la cohérence de l’ensemble. Explorant le rôle joué par ces écrits de restitution dans ce qu’elle nomme une « situation d’expérience de mobilité », elle met au jour l’existence d’un métarécit de l’expérience de séjour à l’étranger : celle-ci ne se jouerait-elle pas alors plus au Japon qu’en France ?

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Fehler – Abweichung – Variation

Sprachnormen aus linguistischer und didaktischer Sicht

Edited by Christina Ossenkop and Georgia Veldre-Gerner

Der Band umfasst Beiträge zum Themenbereich der sprachlichen Variation aus deskriptiver, normativer, historischer und didaktischer Sicht am Beispiel (mehrerer) romanischer Sprachen. Im Zentrum der Beiträge steht die Frage, mit welchem Ziel und auf welche Weise Kriterien zur Bewertung von Sprache und ihren Teilsystemen angewandt, didaktisch dargestellt und als Sprachnormen legitimiert werden und wie diese in einem konkreten historischen und sozialen Kontext zustande kommen. Die detaillierten empirischen Analysen von institutioneller Sprachbewertung und Sprecherurteilen ergeben, dass ‚fehlerhafte‘ sprachliche Erscheinungen unter günstigen historischen Umständen selbst normenbildend wirken können.

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Aline Duvoisin

L’ampleur et l’exceptionnalité qui ont caractérisé le baby-boom ont concouru à en construire une représentation dénuée de nuances. L'ouvrage interroge alors l'hétérogénéité qui a caractérisé ce phénomène dans le contexte suisse. Dans une perspective de parcours de vie et en recourant à des méthodes mixtes, l'interrelation des trajectoires familiales et professionnelles des cohortes féminines est examinée au regard du système de valeurs promulgué dans la société suisse de l'époque pour montrer comment un phénomène d’ampleur a pu être le produit d’une diversité de parcours de vie. Si l'ouvrage se concentre sur la Suisse, le développement de l’approche méthodologique mixte qu'il propose offre un cadre d’analyse renouvelé, dont les apports pour la compréhension du baby-boom peuvent être transférer à divers contextes nationaux et à l'étude d'autres phénomènes démographiques.

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Jan Kajfosz

The book deals with manifestations and relics of magical thinking in the narrative folklore of Cieszyn Silesia (Teschen Silesia, Těšín Silesia). The point of departure is a phenomenological and social constructivist approach to human cognition. The author follows the cognitive dimensions of pre-modern folklore and popular texts in general. They are conventional in the sense that they are repeated in many variants inside one communicative group. Habituation based on more or less accurate reproduction of stereotypes (and corresponding experiences), motives, action scenarios, rationalizations, and motivations, is the source of relatively stable world image. The key concept developed in the book is redefined categorization understood as the simplification and stabilization of too complex and changing reality through shared narratives.

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The Polish Reason of State in Austria

The Poles in the Political Life of Austria in the Period of the Dual Monarchy (1867–1918)

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Dorota Litwin-Lewandowska

The monograph describes the history of the Polish diaspora in the Habsburg monarchy in the historical, institutional, legal, political, and organizational context. In the period of the Dual Monarchy (1867–1918), the Poles who lived under the Austro-Hungarian regime sought to influence the fate of their nation and state primarily through an active involvement in parliamentary life and state administration. The study of the social and political activity of the Poles in the Austrian partition reveals their political heritage, which influenced not only the Polish idea of patriotism but also the formation of the Polish political culture rooted in the European tradition of parliamentarism and constitutionalism.

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The Prose Poem As a (Non)Genre

A Polish Case Study

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Agnieszka Kluba

Is the prose poem revolutionary and subversive, or marginal and lyrical? What makes a piece of prose a prose poem? Is its identity vague or precisely defined? Can every poem written in prose be considered a prose poem, a form influenced by the brilliant invention of French literature and by authors such as Baudelaire or Rimbaud? Agnieszka Kluba discusses the prose poem by providing a comprehensive summary of the existing approaches to it, but also by proposing an original conception of this form of writing. Kluba does not limit herself to considerations within literary genre theory and remains close to the poetic texts she considers. Following the intricate line of the prose poem, in Polish and European literature, she carefully assigns to prose poetry a place in Modern literary history.

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Edited by Florian Zappe and Andrew S. Gross

What only a few decades ago would have been considered a totalitarian nightmare seems to have become reality: Surveillance practices and technologies have infiltrated all aspects of our lives, forcing us to reconsider established notions of privacy, subjectivity, and the status of the individual in society. The United States is central to contemporary concerns about surveillance. American companies are at the forefront of developing surveillance technologies; and government agencies, in the name of security and law and order, are monitoring our words and actions more than ever before. This book brings together an interdisciplinary group of scholars to explore the implications of what many consider to be a far-reaching social, political, and cultural transformation.

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Tomasz Jarmużek

The book aims to formalise tableau methods for the logics of propositions and names. The methods described are based on Set Theory. The tableau rule was reduced to an ordered n-tuple of sets of expressions where the first element is a set of premises, and the following elements are its supersets.