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La cortesía en la Península Ibérica

Dialectología del «Sprachbund» suroccidental

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Víctor Lara Bermejo

Las formas de tratamiento en el ámbito hispánico y lusófono representan uno de los temas más complejos y, a la vez, más estudiados. La diversidad de alternativas y usos a ambos lados del Atlántico es bien conocida, aunque la mayoría de estudios se concentra en casos aislados de una ciudad o región muy determinada, o bien muestra un análisis descriptivo de los pronombres de cortesía. Además, los especialistas han prestado más atención a la casuística de las variedades americanas y menos a la situación del español y portugués europeos. Este estudio pretende dar cuenta de la evolución de las formas de tratamiento en la Península Ibérica en los últimos cien años, con un especial énfasis en el fenómeno de nivelación que se atestigua en la zona suroccidental. De forma pionera, se expone el comportamiento geolingüístico, sociolingüístico y gramatical de dicha nivelación, aplicando métodos estadísticos y los programas de cartografía más actuales. Todo ello, auspiciado por una metodología innovadora y un corpus cuantitativo que refleja la estrecha relación que guardan el español y el portugués, no solo en la cortesía, sino a nivel lingüístico, derivando en un Sprachbund que tiene como foco el suroccidente de la Península Ibérica.

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Unsicherheit als Herausforderung für die Wissenschaft

Reflexionen aus Natur-, Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften

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Edited by Nina Janich and Lisa Rhein

Das Buch präsentiert eine disziplinäre Vielfalt an Perspektiven auf Unsicherheit in der Wissenschaft. Schwerpunkte sind Klimaforschung, Umweltwissenschaft und Technikfolgenabschätzung. Die Beiträge diskutieren Gründe und Folgen wissenschaftlicher Unsicherheit und einer entsprechenden Verantwortung der Wissenschaft. Vertreten sind Kommunikationswissenschaft, Linguistik, Philosophie, Politikwissenschaft, Soziologie und Volkswirtschaftslehre sowie Chemie und Klimawissenschaft.

Der Band dokumentiert die ungewöhnliche Kooperation zweier Schwerpunktprogramme der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft – «Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit» und «Climate Engineering: Risks, Challenges, Opportunities?» –, die sich auf einer Tagung an der TU Darmstadt mit weiteren WissenschaftlerInnen zu Austausch und kritischer Reflexion getroffen haben.

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Roman Kuźniar

The subject of this work is the rise and fall of Europe’s aim to rebuild its position in global politics after the Cold War. With success in the unification of Europe and the subsequent deepening and enlargement of its integration, the Union set itself the ambitious task of becoming a global power, even a superpower.
However, starting with the first decade of the XXI century, we have witnessed a rapid erosion of the international position of Europe (the EU). The author carefully analyses the causes of the EU’s failure in pursuing the role of European representative, Europe thereby pretending to the role of one of three world powers. Besides cultural and demographic trends, the author identifies the main factors leading to this failure: the divergent interests of individual European powers, their incapacity to act in a geopolitical context and the rapid erosion of Europe’s civilizational identity.
The rapid decline of Europe’s international position threatens the appearance of a new and bipolar global arrangement together with the further marginalisation of Europe.

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Unknown God, Known in His Activities

Incomprehensibility of God during the Trinitarian Controversy of the 4th Century

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Tomasz Stępień and Karolina Kochańczyk-Bonińska

What can man know about God? This question became one of the main problems during the 4th-century Trinitarian controversy, which is the focus of this book. Especially during the second phase of the conflict, the claims of Anomean Eunomius caused an emphatic response of Orthodox writers, mainly Basil of Caesarea and Gregory of Nyssa. Eunomius formulated two ways of theology to show that we can know both the substance (ousia) and activities (energeiai) of God. The Orthodox Fathers demonstrated that we can know only the external activities of God, while the essence is entirely incomprehensible. Therefore the 4th-century discussion on whether the Father and the Son are of the same substance was the turning point in the development of negative theology and shaping the Christian conception of God.

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At the origins of Classical opera

Carlo Goldoni and the «dramma giocoso per musica»

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Pervinca Rista

Venetian playwright and pioneer of modern theatre Carlo Goldoni (1707-1793) led a ‘double life’ as a librettist, authoring nearly as many libretti as comedies- libretti which, born from the same mind and the same hand that brought forth his famous, and famously controversial, overhaul of the practices of comic theatre, could not but push the limits of the standing tradition to open a new chapter in opera history. Goldoni became one of the first to give shape to the dramma giocoso per musica, an innovative, realistic, and enduring new genre with intimate connections to prose comedy that met with overwhelming international success, becoming the foundation for the works of future generations, including W. A. Mozart and his Italian librettist Lorenzo da Ponte. Perhaps because of his stature and influence as a comic playwright, Goldoni has rarely been considered as an innovator in the musical sphere. This study aims to shed new light on his primary role in the evolution of Classical opera, and on the legacy of his innovations in the European musical tradition.

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Geschichte der mecklenburgischen Regionalsprache seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg

Varietätenkontakt zwischen Alteingesessenen und immigrierten Vertriebenen. Teil 1: Sprachsystemgeschichte

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Klaas-Hinrich Ehlers

Der erste Band der mecklenburgischen Sprachgeschichte rekonstruiert den Strukturwandel der regional gebundenen Varietäten des Deutschen im Norden Mecklenburgs. An ausgewählten Variablen aus der Phonetik/Phonologie, Morphosyntax und Lexik wird die diachrone Entwicklung des Niederdeutschen und des mecklenburgischen Regiolekts in ihrer kontaktlinguistischen Wechselwirkung mit dem überregionalen Standard herausgearbeitet. Erstmals in der modernen Regionalsprachenforschung bezieht die Studie auch die Herkunftsvarietäten der vielen Vertriebenen ein, die nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg ins Land kamen. Die korpusbasierten Variationsanalysen zeigen die sprachlichen Folgen auf, die die Vertriebenenimmigration für die sprachlichen Ausgleichsprozesse in den mecklenburgischen Kommunikationsräumen hatte.

Dieses Buch ist mit dem Johannes-Sass-Preis 2018 ausgezeichnet worden.

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In This Together

Teachers' Experiences with Transnational, Telecollaborative Language Learning Projects

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Edited by Melinda Ann Dooly Owenby and Robert O'Dowd

This book provides a nexus between research and practice through teachers’ narratives of their experiences with telecollaboration. The book begins with a chapter outlining the pedagogical and theoretical underpinnings of telecollaboration (also known as Virtual Exchange), followed by eight chapters that explain telecollaborative project design, materials and activities as well as frank discussions of obstacles met and resolved during the project implementation. The projects described in the volume serve as excellent examples for any teacher or education stakeholder interested in setting up their own telecollaborative exchange.

Open access

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Edited by Janina Falkowska and Krzysztof Loska

This book examines small cinemas and their presentation of society in times of crisis and conflict from an interdisciplinary and intercultural point of view. The authors concentrate on economic, social and political challenges and point to new phenomena which have been exposed by film directors. They present essays on, among others, Basque cinema; gendered controversies in post-communist small cinemas in Slovakia and Czech Republic; ethnic stereotypes in the works of Polish filmmakers; stereotypical representation of women in Japanese avant-garde; post-communist political myths in Hungary; the separatist movements of Catalonia; people in diasporas and during migrations. In view of these timely topics, the book touches on the most serious social and political problems. The films discussed provide an excellent platform for enhancing debates on politics, gender, migration and new aesthetics in cinema at departments of history, sociology, literature and film.

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What Literature Knows

Forays into Literary Knowledge Production

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Edited by Antje Kley and Kai Merten

This volume sheds light on the nexus between knowledge and literature. Arranged historically, contributions address both popular and canonical English and US-American writing from the early modern period to the present. They focus on how historically specific texts engage with epistemological questions in relation to material and social forms as well as representation. The authors discuss literature as a culturally embedded form of knowledge production in its own right, which deploys narrative and poetic means of exploration to establish an independent and sometimes dissident archive. The worlds that imaginary texts project are shown to open up alternative perspectives to be reckoned with in the academic articulation and public discussion of issues in economics and the sciences, identity formation and wellbeing, legal rationale and political decision-making.

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L'Europe dans le monde du football

Genèse et formation de l’UEFA (1930-1960)

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Philippe Vonnard

Comment expliquer la popularité du football à l’échelle européenne ? Une des pistes pour répondre à cette question est d’étudier le rôle de l’Union des associations européennes de football (UEFA) qui n’a eu de cesse d’agir en vue de renforcer les échanges footballistiques au niveau européen. À partir du dépouillement d’archives inédites, ce livre répond à un vide historiographique en proposant de retracer la genèse et la formation de l’UEFA dans une perspective globale et qui privilégie le long terme. Nous défendons ici la thèse que la mise en place de cette organisation au milieu des années 1950 est un tournant dans l’histoire du football européen.

Trois axes principaux complémentaires sont développés tout au long de cet ouvrage. Le premier traite du rôle de la FIFA (Fédération internationale de football association), puis de l’UEFA dans le développement d’une dynamique européenne du jeu. Le deuxième questionne la possibilité qu’ont les dirigeants du football de créer un organisme qui transcende les barrières de la Guerre froide (à sa fondation, l’UEFA compte une trentaine de pays européens). Finalement, le troisième interroge les raisons de la constitution de l’UEFA durant les années 1950 ainsi que le modèle d’organisation choisi par ses promoteurs.