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Przemysław Żywiczyński and Sławomir Wacewicz

This book discusses the scope and development of the science of language evolution – a newly emergent field that investigates the origin of language. The book is addressed to audiences who are not professionally involved in science and presents the problems of language origins together with introductory information on such topics as the theory of evolution, elements of linguistic theory, the neural infrastructure of language or the signalling theory.

Open access

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Edited by Susanne Fuchs, Joanne Cleland and Amélie Rochet-Capellan

Learning and memory processes are basic features of human existence. They allow us to (un)consciously adapt to changes in our social and physical environment in a variety of ways and may have been a precursor for survival in human evolution. Through several reviews and original work the book focuses on three key topics that enhanced our understanding of the topic in the last twenty years: first, the role of real-time auditory feedback in learning, second, the role of motor aspects for learning and memory, and third, representations in memory and the role of sleep on memory consolidation.

The electronic version of this book is freely available, thanks to the support of libraries working with Knowledge Unlatched. KU is a collaborative initiative designed to make high quality books Open Access for the public good. More information about the initiative and links to the Open Access version can be found at www.knowledgeunlatched.org

Open access

Language and Belonging

Local Categories and Practices in a Guatemalan Highland Community

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Rita Vallentin

In this book, the author introduces belonging from a sociolinguistic perspective as a concept that is accomplished in interaction. Belonging can be expressed linguistically in social, spatial and temporal categories – indexing rootedness, groupness and cohesion. It can also be captured through shared linguistic practices within a group, e.g. collectively shared narrative practices. Using conversation analysis and an analysis of narrative as practice bolstered with ethnographic knowledge, the author shows how belonging is tied to locally contextualized use of deictics and to collectively shared narrations of the past in a Guatemalan community. The book examines the understudied phenomenon of belonging at the intersection of pragmatics and linguistic anthropology.

Open access

Metaphor and Senses

The Synamet Corpus: A Polish Resource for Synesthetic Metaphors

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Magdalena Zawisławska

The book deals with the synesthetic metaphors in Synamet – a semantically and grammatically annotated corpus. The texts included in the corpus are excerpted from blogs devoted to, among others, perfume, wine, beer, music, art, massage and wellness. The thesis presents a Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT) and frame-based analysis of synesthetic metaphors in Polish. Using data from the corpus, the book provides ample empirical support for embodiment in metaphor and internal logic of mappings between frames. The study proposes new models of verbal synesthesia in the corpus and calls into question a universality of hierarchy of senses. This book should be of interest to researchers working within cognitive linguistics, in particular metaphor theory, frame semantics, corpus linguistics, and sensory science.

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Edited by Michael Beißwenger and Matthias Knopp

Soziale Medien fordern die Didaktik unter zweierlei Perspektive heraus: Als Instrumente didaktischen Handelns können sie Unterricht bei der Erreichung seiner Vermittlungs- und Förderziele bereichern. Als Reflexionsgegenstand müssen sie hinsichtlich ihrer Effekte auf Sprache, Kommunikation, Individuum und Gesellschaft analysiert werden, um Lernenden Kompetenzen für die Orientierung in der digitalen Welt zu vermitteln. Dieser Band präsentiert zehn Arbeiten von 17 Autorinnen und Autoren aus Linguistik, Sprach- und Mediendidaktik, die anhand von Praxisbeispielen und Unterrichtsanregungen aktuelle Entwicklungen und Herausforderungen in Bezug auf das Lehren und Lernen mit sozialen Medien und über soziale Medien reflektieren.

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Edited by Eva Wilden and Henning Rossa

Dieses Buch widmet sich der Interdisziplinarität, die für die Zugänge, Formate und Methoden fremdsprachendidaktischer Forschung charakteristisch ist. Qualitative und quantitative Forschungsansätze bzw. Mixed-Methods-Designs werden anhand aktueller Studien dargestellt. Ein besonderer Fokus gilt den interdisziplinären Bezügen der jeweiligen Studien. Die forschungspraktischen Beispiele stellen laufende bzw. kurz vor Abschluss stehendende Studien der empirischen Fremdsprachenforschung vor. So bieten die Beiträge einen aktuellen Überblick über fremdsprachendidaktische Forschungspraxis und enthalten vielfältige Anregungen für die forschungsmethodischen Optionen und ethischen Fragen, die es bei neu zu konzipierenden Studien im interdisziplinären Feld der Fremdsprachenforschung abzuwägen gilt.

Open access

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Edited by Mikolaj Deckert

This book explores two strands of Audiovisual Translation referred to as «research» and «use». As their points of convergence as well as divergence are brought to light, the contributors show that the two tend to overlap and cross-pollinate. The volume’s inquiries of linguistic, cultural, sociological, computational, educational and historical nature give a comprehensive up-to-date account of AVT as an expanding and heterogeneous, yet internally coherent, field of scientific and professional endeavour.

«The book offers a good balance of chapters dealing with new topics and chapters dealing with more established AVT topics from new angles. It is a must read for TS students and academics but also for practitioners and for translators from other domains, given the increased prominence and diversity of AVT modes both in TS research and translation practice.»

(Professor Aline Remael

University of Antwerp

Chair of the Department of Applied Linguistics, Translators and Interpreters)

Open access

Traces of the Foreign

The Reception of Translations of Spanish American Prose in Poland in 1945-2005 from the Perspective of Intercultural Communication

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Małgorzata Gaszyńska-Magiera

The aim of this monograph is to present the traces of intercultural encounters between Poland and Latin America realized by means of literary translations produced in the post-war period. It considers various aspects of the reception of Polish translations of Spanish American prose in 1945-2005 by examining their presence on the book market in the communist times and after 1990 in free market conditions. The analyses of critical texts show the attitudes of Polish critics towards this prose over the years. Survey research presents motives, behaviours and needs developed in different epochs by Polish readers. The interdisciplinary character of the monograph involves methodology inspired by translation, reception and cultural studies, sociology of literature and intercultural semantics.

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Edited by Lars Bülow, Ann Kathrin Fischer and Kristina Herbert

This volume focuses on the use and structure of the German language in Austria. In addition, the aim of the book is to compare the linguistic conditions in Austria with those in other German speaking countries. The 20 articles present current findings from the research fields of variation, contact and perception.

Der Band widmet sich schwerpunktmäßig der Verwendung und Struktur der deutschen Sprache in Österreich. Ziel des Sammelbandes ist es außerdem, die sprachlichen Verhältnisse in Österreich mit denjenigen in anderen deutschsprachigen Ländern zu vergleichen. In 20 Beiträgen werden daher aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse aus den Forschungsbereichen Variation, Kontakt und Perzeption vorgestellt.

Open access

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Laure Anne Johnsen

Cet ouvrage fournit une description de l’expression de la sous-détermination référentielle par les désignateurs vagues en français. La sous-détermination référentielle est couramment attestée dans différents genres de discours, en particulier à l’oral non planifié (par exemple au moyen des expressions « ça/ce », « tout ça », « ils » non introduit, etc.). A partir d’une collection de données authentiques de sources diversifiées, l’auteur met en évidence les circonstances d’apparition des expressions vagues et présente une gamme de stratégies discursives auxquelles celles-ci répondent pour les besoins de la communication. Cet examen permet de dégager les conséquences théoriques de la prise en compte de ce vague référentiel, questionnant les limites des postulats d’identification ou de reprise textuelle bien implantés dans les théories sémantiques et les grammaires.