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Nach der Einsprachigkeit

Slavisch-deutsche Texte transkulturell

Series:

Diana Hitzke

Postkoloniale Konstellationen lassen sich nicht (mehr) in das Eigene und das Andere, in das Originäre und das Nachgeahmte, in ein Hier und Dort auseinanderdividierenden. Sie sind geprägt von Verflechtungen, Hybri-disierungen und wechselseitigen Aneignungsprozessen. In diesem Band analysiert die Autorin Texte von Jurij Brězan, Irena Brežná, Mascha Dabić, Róža Domašcyna, Olga Grjasnowa, Barbi Marković, Olga Martynova und Aleksandar Tišma. Sie zeigt auf, dass alle Werke sich mit multiplen Zuge-hörigkeiten, Mehrsprachigkeit und Übersetzung auseinandersetzen. Die Texte dekonstruieren Grenzen sprachlicher und kultureller Zugehörigkeit, thematisieren aber auch Diskriminierung, Rassismus und Antisemitismus. Damit beschreiben sie mehrsprachige Welten jenseits von hegemonialer Einsprachigkeit.

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Parcours de vie et mémoires de pauvres

Changements personnels et sociohistoriques dans les bidonvilles de Mumbai

Series:

Aude Martenot

Cette thèse s’inscrit dans la perspective du parcours de vie, sous l’angle du regard porté sur les changements personnels et sociohistoriques de l’existence, dans un contexte culturel précis, celui de l’Inde urbaine moderne. Au travers de la récolte de plus de 1250 interviews, réalisées à Mumbai en 2012 et 2014 parmi des adultes âgés de 20 à 86 ans, habitant·e·s de bidonvilles et d’immeubles de classe moyenne inférieure, le contenu et la temporalité des événements vécus considérés comme importants par les répondant·e·s sont analysés. Outre le souci évident d’observer les trajectoires et les moments marquants de la vie, selon le point de vue des personnes elles-mêmes, cette thèse cherche à dépasser l’a priori selon lequel les habitant·e·s des slums seraient vulnérables par évidence, afin de révéler des vulnérabilités insoupçonnées, présentes sous des formes diverses.

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World under Revision

The Poetry of Wisława Szymborska

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Wojciech Ligęza

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the entirety of Wisława Szymborska’s poetic oeuvre. The author employs in-depth historical reflection on Szymborska’s beginnings to reveal that – without describing her post-war beginnings and reflecting on her early entanglement in socialist realist newspeak – Szymborska’s mature anti-dogmatic attitude will remain unclear. The book shows how Szymborska’s rhetoric and stylistics – figures of reservation, negation, contradiction, tautology, and repetition – are closely connected with the construction of the poetic world and affect the shape of her messages. After all, Wisława Szymborska is a poet of sophisticated wit, a surprising freedom of expression, and an unusual game with various literary styles, even with colloquial Polish.

Open access

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Anna R. Burzyńska

In recent years, the terms "ethics," "politics," "performativity," and "experience" have proliferated throughout the discourse of the humanities. However, it is rarely noted that their contemporary understanding has been shaped by the works of Jacques Derrida, who has employed all these concepts since the mid-1960s. The aim of this book is to present the lesser discussed topics of Derrida’s thought – not only as the creator of a specific mode of interpretation called "deconstruction" but also as an initiator of recent ethical and political reflection, a pioneer of performatics, and a precursor of current research on experience. At the same time, the book provides a panorama of the most important changes in the humanities of the last thirty years, and in particular – the ethical, performative, and empirical turns.

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Professional Military Education

A Cross-Cultural Survey

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Edited by Duraid Jalili and Hubert Annen

This book brings together non-Western viewpoints on military pedagogy and professional military education (PME). In doing so, it seeks to provide a counterbalance to the predominantly European and North American bias found within the research field, as well as generating new insights on Latin American, African and Asian pedagogical commentaries and critiques. The collection contains essays from PME researchers and practitioners across fourteen countries, on subjects including large-scale educational reform, civil-military and academic influences on military pedagogy, internationalisation, cross-cultural collaboration, and interoperability within military education.

Open access

Data Rights Law 1.0

The Theoretical Basis

Key Laboratory of Big Data Strategy

Edited by Yuming Lian

Since its emergence, big data has brought us new forms of energy, technology and means of organization which will generate greater values by crossover, integration, openness and sharing of data. Nevertheless, risks caused by open access and the flow of data also bring us enormous challenges to privacy, business secrets and social and national securities. This raises people’s awareness on data sharing, privacy protection and social justice, and becomes a significant governance problem in the world. In order to solve these problems, Data Rights Law 1.0 is innovative in that it proposes a new concept of the «data person». It defines «data rights» as the rights derived from the «data person» and «data rights system» as the order based on «data rights». «Data rights law» is the legal normative formed out of the «data rights system». In this way, the book constructs a legal framework of «data rights-data rights system-data rights law». If data is considered as basic rights, on which new order and laws are to be built, it will bring brand new and profound meaning to future human life.

Open access

Series:

Ekaterina Evgrashkina

Поэзия – это творческое исследование семиотических возможностей языка и поле функционирования сложных нетривиальных смыслов. В основе смыслопорождения в герметичном поэтическом дискурсе лежат процессы подвижного семиозиса, в котором отношения стабильности между означающим и означаемым поставлены под вопрос, а сила тяжести перемещена на интерпретанту, и смысловой энтропии как интенсивного приращения смысла с невозможностью сформулировать его конечное состояние. В книге на материале текстов на немецком и русском языках рассматриваются разнообразные проявления поэтического герметизма в актуальной поэзии, а также семантико-синтаксические механизмы и прагматический потенциал смысловой неопределенности – от неуловимого намека и неразрешимой двусмысленности до нонсенса и тайнописи.

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Textimmanente Wahrnehmung bei Gajto Gazdanov

Sinne und Emotion als motivische und strukturelle Schnittstelle zwischen Subjekt und Weltbild

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Ingeborg Jandl

Sinne und Emotion bilden das Prisma jeder Selbst- und Welterfahrung und prägen die im Individuum verankerte Subjektivität. Der russische Emigrationsschriftsteller Gajto Gazdanov (1903-1971) rückt Wahrnehmungen so stark in den Vordergrund, dass die Handlung oft von einem Übermaß an Deskription in den Hintergrund gedrängt wird. Diese Studie beleuchtet Motive sinnlicher und emotionaler Erfahrung unter Berücksichtigung interdisziplinärer Konzepte aus Psychologie, Psychoanalyse, Philosophie und den Naturwissenschaften und fragt nach der Systematik ihrer motivischen Repräsentation, ihrer Wechselbeziehung sowie eines davon abzuleitenden Weltbilds. Das Forschungsfeld eröffnet Zugang zu Mechanismen der empirischen Realität, was auch für andere Disziplinen neue Perspektiven und Erkenntnisse verspricht.

Open access

Transformations of Social Bonds

The Outline of the Theory of Social Change

Mirosława Marody and Anna Giza-Poleszczuk

We live in times of accelerated changes – social, economic, and political – which are currently transforming most societies and areas of human life. Every day brings not only new shifts in political orders of various countries but also clearly observable metamorphoses of labour patterns, family forms, and modes through which we participate in political life, communicate, and which are related to each other. The pace of these changes and their complex mechanisms make it difficult to discern what directions they are actually taking.

This book is about transformations of social bonds, the most fundamental sociological concept. It examines how these bonds are formed, how they are dissolved, and how they are forged anew. The book offers a preliminary reflection on the course and consequences of the ongoing transformations of the social order. At the same time, it invites to reconsider the foundations of sociological thinking.

Open access

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Piotr Śniedziewski

This book consists of nine chapters devoted to representations of melancholia in 19th-century art and literature. A noteworthy feature of the book is its use of concepts from later works by Sigmund Freud, Jean Clair, Jean Starobinski, Julia Kristeva and others. Those concepts elucidate further contexts of the notion of melancholia, which are presented not in isolation but juxtaposed with the philosophical background of the concept (starting from Hippocrates and Aristotle). Thus, the book not only provides a survey of images and modes of behaviour of 19th-century individuals, but also discusses the meanings of melancholia as they appeared in European culture over time.