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Milieux de mémoire in Late Modernity

Local Communities, Religion and Historical Politics

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Zuzanna Bogumił and Małgorzata Głowacka-Grajper

This book shows how vernacular communities commemorate their traumatic experiences of the Second World War. Despite having access to many diverse memory frameworks typical of late modernity, these communities primarily function within religious memory frameworks. The book also traces how they reacted when their local histories were incorporated into the remembrance practices of the state. The authors draw on case studies of four vernacular communities, notably Kałków-Godów, Michniów, Jedwabne and Markowa, to argue that it is still possible in the Polish countryside to discover milieux de mémoire. At the same time, they show that the state not only uses local histories to bolster its moral capital in the international arena, but also in matters of domestic policy.

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The Remaking of the Euro-Mediterranean Vision

Challenging Eurocentrism with Local Perceptions in the Middle East and North Africa

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Edited by Aybars Görgülü and Gülşah Dark Kahyaoğlu

This edited collection is a timely and in-depth perception analysis of Euro-Mediterranean relations and the EU policy actions towards the Mediterranean region.

The book takes as its departure point the recent geopolitical developments in the Middle East and North Africa, urging the renewal of a Euro-Mediterranean partnership while challenging the ‘Eurocentric orientation of EU policies’ – a critical factor which explains why the EU has been unable to adjust its policies to the region’s fast-changing complexities.

The volume subsequently introduces the findings of an elite survey conducted between 2017–2018 with local stakeholders in 9 countries in the Mediterranean. The findings and policy recommendations presented in the book aim to contribute to making EU policies more responsive to major challenges in the region, more flexible on the multilateral and the bilateral level and more inclusive of key stakeholders.

This book will interest EU policy-makers, civil society, academics and researchers on EU policy, as well as IR experts in general.

Open access

History Education and (Post-)Colonialism

International Case Studies

Edited by Susanne Popp, Katja Gorbahn and Susanne Grindel

This book deals with the challenges for history education arising from the centrality of colonialism in shaping the modern world. It breaks new ground by bringing together an international range of national studies on the legacies of colonialism that permeate the way how colonial history is thought and taught at schools. The case studies examine the representation, understanding and use of colonial heritage from different angles: They focus on European and non-European states as well as on states with and without colonial past as colonizers or colonized. Thus, and with its wide range of approaches – postcolonial theory, memory studies, educational media studies, teaching practice – this volume makes an essential research contribution to the ongoing international debate on the position of colonial history in present and future history education.

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Meaningful reform in the Western Balkans

Between formal institutions and informal practices

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Edited by Eric Gordy and Adnan Efendic

This book contains collection of articles which provide policy implications related to the problem of achieving substantive reform on the basis of harmonising legislation in Western Balkan (WB) countries with the standards of the European Union (EU). While WB states have generally been successful in adopting legal reforms that make up a part of EU conditionality, many laws remain unenforced, amounting to "empty shells." In the space between law, as it is written, and practices as they are engaged in everyday life, exists a gap, characterized by informality, clientelism, and exchange often based on strong tie relationships. Some instances of informality undermine the goal of establishing rule law and contribute to corruption. Others offer valuable solutions to persistent social problems or represent traditional vehicles of social cohesion that should be promoted. The recommendations in this book seek to address both constructive and damaging instances of informality, and to identify policy measures that can help to harmonise not only legislation, but existing informal practices on the ground.

Open access

Il ʻpensiero per immaginiʼ e le forme dell'invisibile / Das ‚Denken in Bildern‘ und die Formen des Unsichtbaren

Atti del Convegno Internazionale Cagliari 7–9 marzo 2018 / Akten der Internationalen Tagung Cagliari 7.–9. März 2018

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Edited by Laura Follesa

Questo libro è un volume bilingue e di carattere interdisciplinare che raccoglie i contributi di 14 studiosi sul tema del „pensare per immagini" analizzato da diverse angolazioni (storia della cultura, della filosofia e della scienza, estetica, letteratura e antropologia). Con l’espressione "pensiero per immagini" (o pensiero visuale), si intende una particolare modalità di pensiero, alternativa e complementare al pensiero logico e astratto che già in epoca moderna tra XVII e XVIII secolo aveva attirato l’attenzione di filosofi e studiosi. Nel presente lavoro verranno analizzati sia la storia del concetto che il suo significato culturale e sociale nell’ambito discussioni scientifiche più recenti.

Dieses zweisprachige und interdisziplinäre Buch sammelt die Beiträge von 14 Spezialisten, die das Thema „Denken in Bildern" aus verschiedenen Perspektiven (Kultur-, Philosophie- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Ästhetik, Literatur und Anthropologie) untersuchen. Das „Denken in Bildern" (oder „Bilddenken") ist eine besondere Denkform, alternativ und ergänzend zu logisch-abstraktem Denken, die schon Autoren im siebzehnten und achtzehnten Jahrhundert erforscht haben. Der Begriff „Denken in Bildern" wird durchforscht, mit dem Ziel, seine Geschichte und seine kulturelle und soziale Bedeutung bis zum gegenwärtigen Stand der Diskussion zu erklären.

Open access

Les ordonnances de l’hôtel des ducs de Bourgogne

Volume 3 : Marie de Bourgogne, Maximilien d’Autriche et Philippe le Beau 1477-1506

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Edited by Valérie Bessey, Jean-Marie Cauchies and Paravicini Werner

Avec la mort du duc Charles, l’État bourguignon, désormais limité aux anciens Pays-Bas et à la Franche-Comté, entre en crise face à l’agression du roi de France Louis XI et la révolte des sujets. Les ordonnances de l’hôtel de Marie, seule fille et héritière, et de son époux Maximilien d’Autriche en sont le miroir, témoin de fidélité et aussi de défection. Le chemin vers la consolidation fut long, atteint seulement sous leur fils Philippe le Beau. L’apogée de l’hôtel sous le duc Charles (sujet du volume 3 à paraître) fut remplacé par une modestie relative. Mais Philippe, mort roi de Castille prématurément en 1506, fait passer la tradition bourguignonne en Espagne et de là dans toute l’Europe. 14 textes, tant conservés que perdus, sont soigneusement identifiés et édités, commentés, complétés et indexés pour le plus grand bien de toute recherche sur les cours princières, les élites aristocratiques, les milieux dirigeants, l’organisation et les rituels du pouvoir, donc à l’histoire de l’État à la fin du XVe siècle et au début du XVIe. Sont concernés non seulement les actuels Pas-Bas, la Belgique et le Luxembourg, mais aussi l’Allemagne, la France et l’Espagne.

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Pulling Together or Pulling Apart?

Perspectives on Nationhood, Identity, and Belonging in Europe

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Edited by Susana Bayó Belenguer and Nicola Brady

In the aftermath of the twentieth century’s raging warfare, attempts were made to create an environment in which new relationships between European nations could be built around a common identity. Yet, in the twenty-first century, identity conflicts are gaining a new intensity in parts of the continent. In the analysis of some sub-state nationalist parties, the prospect of European Union membership reduces the economic and political risks of secession. Meanwhile, to the east, any moves towards expansion of EU membership are viewed by Russia not as a peace project but as acts of aggression. This volume assembles a series of comparative and single-area case studies drawn from different academic disciplines. While interrogating the history of identity conflict in the European context, an essential component of efforts to reduce such conflicts in the future, the authors bring an array of methodological approaches to analyses of the many intersecting political, cultural and economic factors that influence the formation of nationhood and identity, and the resurgence of nationalism.

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Jew. The Eternal Enemy?

The History of Antisemitism in Poland

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Alina Cała

Edited by Mikołaj Golubiewski

This book is the first monograph that provides a wholesome overview of the history of Antisemitism in Poland. The author critically analyzes the Polish manifestation of the gruesome phenomenon against the backdrop of historical events in all Europe, as she traces the formation of the ideology and its difference from Judeophobia. A special notion requires the author’s meticulousness in research of the archives referring to the Catholic Church and folk culture. Most importantly, she does not end with the historical perspective but uses her studies to shed light on the events permeating in the thirty years of the recent Polish history as an independent country.

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Desert Island, Burrow, Grave

Wartime Hiding Places of Jews in Occupied Poland

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Marta Cobel-Tokarska

This book is an anthropological essay which aims to capture the elusive phenomenon of hideouts employed by Jews persecuted during the Second World War. Oscillating between life and death, the Jewish hideouts were a space of the most diverse and extremely complex human relations – a specific realm of everyday life, with its own inherent logic. Based on different literary sources, especially wartime and post-war testimonies of Jewish escapees, the author seeks to examine the realm of hideouts to develop a novel, interdisciplinary perspective on this often neglected aspect of the 20th-century history.

Open access

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Stanisław Filipowicz

It is often repeated that we live today in a ‹post-truth› world. But this problem has a long history. Greek philosophers investigated the origins of truth (and the will to truth) in hope to separate truth from illusion. But already Machiavelli equated the concept of truth with the notion of what seems to be true. And today? Perhaps, we are paying the price of naivety. In this book, the author approaches the idea of deliberative democracy with reservation, attempting to expose the vain hopes rooted in the Enlightenment tradition, which placed the desire for truth at the fore, and relegated the desire for illusion to the shadows. The book encourages reflection on the appeal of deception in a world which has become the media’s ‹grazing ground›; a world which rejects metaphysics in favour of pragmatic theories, thereby transforming politics into a sphere where truth is replaced with ‹narrative›.