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Professional Military Education

A Cross-Cultural Survey

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Edited by Duraid Jalili and Hubert Annen

This book brings together non-Western viewpoints on military pedagogy and professional military education (PME). In doing so, it seeks to provide a counterbalance to the predominantly European and North American bias found within the research field, as well as generating new insights on Latin American, African and Asian pedagogical commentaries and critiques. The collection contains essays from PME researchers and practitioners across fourteen countries, on subjects including large-scale educational reform, civil-military and academic influences on military pedagogy, internationalisation, cross-cultural collaboration, and interoperability within military education.

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Data Rights Law 1.0

The Theoretical Basis

Key Laboratory of Big Data Strategy

Edited by Yuming Lian

Since its emergence, big data has brought us new forms of energy, technology and means of organization which will generate greater values by crossover, integration, openness and sharing of data. Nevertheless, risks caused by open access and the flow of data also bring us enormous challenges to privacy, business secrets and social and national securities. This raises people’s awareness on data sharing, privacy protection and social justice, and becomes a significant governance problem in the world. In order to solve these problems, Data Rights Law 1.0 is innovative in that it proposes a new concept of the «data person». It defines «data rights» as the rights derived from the «data person» and «data rights system» as the order based on «data rights». «Data rights law» is the legal normative formed out of the «data rights system». In this way, the book constructs a legal framework of «data rights-data rights system-data rights law». If data is considered as basic rights, on which new order and laws are to be built, it will bring brand new and profound meaning to future human life.

Open access

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Ekaterina Evgrashkina

Поэзия – это творческое исследование семиотических возможностей языка и поле функционирования сложных нетривиальных смыслов. В основе смыслопорождения в герметичном поэтическом дискурсе лежат процессы подвижного семиозиса, в котором отношения стабильности между означающим и означаемым поставлены под вопрос, а сила тяжести перемещена на интерпретанту, и смысловой энтропии как интенсивного приращения смысла с невозможностью сформулировать его конечное состояние. В книге на материале текстов на немецком и русском языках рассматриваются разнообразные проявления поэтического герметизма в актуальной поэзии, а также семантико-синтаксические механизмы и прагматический потенциал смысловой неопределенности – от неуловимого намека и неразрешимой двусмысленности до нонсенса и тайнописи.

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Textimmanente Wahrnehmung bei Gajto Gazdanov

Sinne und Emotion als motivische und strukturelle Schnittstelle zwischen Subjekt und Weltbild

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Ingeborg Jandl

Sinne und Emotion bilden das Prisma jeder Selbst- und Welterfahrung und prägen die im Individuum verankerte Subjektivität. Der russische Emigrationsschriftsteller Gajto Gazdanov (1903-1971) rückt Wahrnehmungen so stark in den Vordergrund, dass die Handlung oft von einem Übermaß an Deskription in den Hintergrund gedrängt wird. Diese Studie beleuchtet Motive sinnlicher und emotionaler Erfahrung unter Berücksichtigung interdisziplinärer Konzepte aus Psychologie, Psychoanalyse, Philosophie und den Naturwissenschaften und fragt nach der Systematik ihrer motivischen Repräsentation, ihrer Wechselbeziehung sowie eines davon abzuleitenden Weltbilds. Das Forschungsfeld eröffnet Zugang zu Mechanismen der empirischen Realität, was auch für andere Disziplinen neue Perspektiven und Erkenntnisse verspricht.

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Transformations of Social Bonds

The Outline of the Theory of Social Change

Mirosława Marody and Anna Giza-Poleszczuk

We live in times of accelerated changes – social, economic, and political – which are currently transforming most societies and areas of human life. Every day brings not only new shifts in political orders of various countries but also clearly observable metamorphoses of labour patterns, family forms, and modes through which we participate in political life, communicate, and which are related to each other. The pace of these changes and their complex mechanisms make it difficult to discern what directions they are actually taking.

This book is about transformations of social bonds, the most fundamental sociological concept. It examines how these bonds are formed, how they are dissolved, and how they are forged anew. The book offers a preliminary reflection on the course and consequences of the ongoing transformations of the social order. At the same time, it invites to reconsider the foundations of sociological thinking.

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Piotr Śniedziewski

This book consists of nine chapters devoted to representations of melancholia in 19th-century art and literature. A noteworthy feature of the book is its use of concepts from later works by Sigmund Freud, Jean Clair, Jean Starobinski, Julia Kristeva and others. Those concepts elucidate further contexts of the notion of melancholia, which are presented not in isolation but juxtaposed with the philosophical background of the concept (starting from Hippocrates and Aristotle). Thus, the book not only provides a survey of images and modes of behaviour of 19th-century individuals, but also discusses the meanings of melancholia as they appeared in European culture over time.

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Adam Dziadek

This book illustrates the problems connected with the body and the sign: the real body and the body of the text, somaticism and semiology (both as a general sign theory and in the medical sense as «symptomatology»). The author seeks to derive a more general principle from these two words, referring to the representation of experience in different literary texts. If we are talking about the representation of experience, we cannot, by any means, ignore the body that becomes the essential point of reference for human experience. This general principle aims at creating a matter of concept, a somatic criticism project, which is closely related to the issue of rhythm in literary texts - a rhythm understood as an intermediary between the body and the sense of the text.

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Tying Micro and Macro

What Fills up the Sociological Vacuum?

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Mikołaj Pawlak

This study critically discusses the thesis on the sociological vacuum formulated by Stefan Nowak. The author’s aim is to refute the claim that the sociological vacuum is relevant for major social processes occurring in Poland. He presents the sociological vacuum in the context of the debate on micro and macro levels and discusses how the theory of fields and social network analysis is useful to reconcile the micro-macro divide. The book considers the uses of the sociological vacuum in explaining such phenomena as the Solidarność social movement, civil society, social capital, and democracy. In the empirical part, the author confronts the data on identifications with the data on relations and claims that the vacuum is not in the society but it in sociology.

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The Autobiographical Triangle

Witness, Confession, Challenge

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Małgorzata Czermińska

Critical revised edition and translation by Jean Ward

This book presents a universal theory of autobiography, defined as a "triangular" form of utterance involving three different stances. It is a personal testimony to experiences lived through, a confession of intimate inner experience and a challenge addressed to the reader to engage in dialogue, enter into an argument or join in a game. The stances of witness, confession and challenge are always present, though usually one of them overshadows the other two. Polish memoirs, diaries and letters, as well as novels of a clearly personal character, are interpreted here in the context of the most important autobiographical texts of European literature. In the background, also, the historical events which have powerfully stamped Polish culture in the last two centuries are discreetly shown.

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Angelika Schmitt

Die „Istorija stanovlenija samosoznajuščej duši" ist das kulturphilosophische Hauptwerk von Andrej Belyj. Es ist bislang nur in Auszügen publiziert und wird hier erstmals auf der Grundlage des vollständigen Manuskripts erschlossen. Sein Leitbegriff – die Selbstbewusstseinsseele – bildet zugleich seinen Gegenstand und seine Methode. In ihm sind Belyjs späte Erkenntnistheorie und Poetologie zusammengefasst. Diese bestimmen die Gestalt des Textes, dessen Sinnschichten durch eine „autoreferentielle Hermeneutik" erschlossen werden. Neben Anregungen aus der Anthroposophie Rudolf Steiners hat Belyj Ideen der russischen Historiosophie aufgegriffen und zu einer originellen Synthese verarbeitet. Mit der Charakterisierung des Spätwerks als „hermetischer Symbolismus" soll ein neues Paradigma geprägt werden.