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Arrested Mourning

Memory of the Nazi Camps in Poland, 1944–1950

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Zofia Woycicka

«Analyzing the earliest debates over the memory of Nazi camps, the author makes an important contribution to the study of their origin, reducing the existing asymmetry in our knowledge on the relevant phenomena in Western and Eastern Europe. This is all the more important as the Poles and Polish Jews, whose involvement in the disputes over memory she describes, were the most important group of survivors and eyewitnesses of the camps and so the genuine group of memory.» Prof. Dariusz Stola (Institute of Political Studies of the Polish Academy of Science)
«The vast number and variety of sources used in this work create a fascinating picture of a multifaceted, rich, vivid, and at times heated debate conducted in Poland in the late 1940s. A great merit of Wóycicka is to preserve this discourse from oblivion and to bring it back into the public sphere.» Barbara Engelking (Polish Center for Holocaust Research)
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Globalisation vs Europeanisation

A Human-centric Interaction

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Léonce Bekemans

Courage and inspiration are needed to renew the European dream and rediscover the purpose of a European civilisation project which responds to the cultural and moral traditions rooted in the vision of its founding fathers. A mobilising and forward-looking interaction between globalisation and Europeanisation can provide some answers in the emerging global transnational era.
This book offers an interdisciplinary in-depth analysis of the relation between globalisation and Europeanisation from a value driven and human-centric perspective. It proposes a broad, diversified and innovative framework and analysis of concepts based on a human rights, cosmopolitan and public goods perspective of sustainable statehood. This approach is applied to interconnected policy areas and issues that are crucial to Europe’s future, such as external relations, culture, intercultural dialogue, citizenship, education and territorial cooperation. The book’s multidisciplinary readings and critical reflections address the complex issues at play in today’s European societies, which require sustainable, cohesive and responsible answers at conceptual and policy level.
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The Nation Should Come First

Marxism and Historiography in East Central Europe

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Maciej Gorny

By the second half of the 1940s, newly conquered nations of Central and Eastern Europe were expected to adjust multiple professions, including those related to the historical sciences, to the Soviet model. However, Marxism, soon to become the only acceptable methodology, was no longer understood in the same way as in Bolshevik Russia. Its Soviet variation borrowed heavily from the tradition of Russian historiography and the Russian national tradition. The variations formulated in the satellite countries were also less likely to break away from existing traditions than to revise and re-evaluate them, along with the perspectives on Russia’s role in the history of Central and Eastern Europe.
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Reconstructing Memory

The Holocaust in Polish Public Debates

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Piotr Forecki

The book aims to reconstruct and analyze the disputes over the Polish-Jewish past and memory in public debates in Poland between 1985 and 2012, from the discussions about Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah, Jan Błoński’s essay The Poor Poles Look at the Ghetto, Jan Tomasz Gross’ books Neighbours, Fear and Golden Harvest, to the controversies surrounding the premiere of Władysław Pasikowski’s The Aftermath. The analysis includes the course and dynamics of the debates and, most importantly, the panorama of opinions revealed in the process. It embraces the debates held across the entire spectrum of the national press. The selection of press was not limited by the level of circulation or a subjective opinion of their value. The main intention was to reconstruct the widest possible variety of opinions that were revealed during the debates. Broad symbolic elites participated in the debates: people who exercised control over publicly accessible knowledge, legitimacy of beliefs and the content of public discourse.
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Euroscepticism, Europhobia and Eurocriticism

The Radical Parties of the Right and Left "vis-à-vis" the European Union

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Cesareo Rodriguez-Aguilera de Prat

Euroscepticism has become a generic catch-all term that is not always useful to capture the nuances of the different types of political opposition to the current process of European integration. This research analyses the electoral manifestos and programmes presented to the European Parliamentary elections in 2009 by twenty-two parties. In this regard, it is clear that the radical right parties usually have Europhobic impulses – their rejection being not only of methods, but also of principals. In contrast, the radical left parties are, in theory, favourable to European integration, but dispute the direction imposed by the EU authorities.
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The South Tyrol Question, 1866–2010

From National Rage to Regional State

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Georg Grote

South Tyrol is a small, mountainous area located in the central Alps. Despite its modest geographical size, it has come to represent a success story in the protection of ethnic minorities in Europe. When Austrian South Tyrol was given to Italy in 1919, about 200,000 German and Ladin speakers became Italian citizens overnight. Despite Italy’s attempts to Italianize the South Tyroleans, especially during the Fascist era from 1922 to 1943, they sought to maintain their traditions and language, culminating in violence in the 1960s. In 1972 South Tyrol finally gained geographical and cultural autonomy from Italy, leading to the ‘regional state’ of 2010.
This book, drawing on the latest research in Italian and German, provides a fresh analysis of this dynamic and turbulent period of South Tyrolean and European history. The author provides new insights into the political and cultural evolution of the understanding of the region and the definition of its role within the European framework. In a broader sense, the study also analyses the shift in paradigms from historical nationalism to modern regionalism against the backdrop of European, global, national and local historical developments as well as the shaping of the distinct identities of its multilingual and multi-ethnic population.
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Edited by Anna Wolff-Poweska and Piotr Forecki

Dieses Buch ist ein Versuch des Entgegenkommens und der Aufnahme eines Dialogs der Erinnerungen. Es geht dabei um die Menschen, die seit Jahrhunderten auf polnischem Boden gelebt hatten, die zur Schatzkammer der polnischen Kultur einen gewaltigen Beitrag geleistet hatten und die die deutsche Besatzungsmacht vernichtet hatte. Es ist eine kritische Abrechnung mit der Geschichte der polnisch-jüdischen Beziehungen in der Zeit des Zweiten Weltkriegs und nach dessen Ende, mit der polnischen Politik gegenüber dem Holocaust und mit der Erinnerung an diesen. Die Autoren vertreten verschiedene wissenschaftliche Disziplinen; sie stellen die Evolution der Erinnerungskultur der Polen dar und führen die Leser durch die Zeit der Existenz der Volksrepublik Polen (1945-1989) sowie des demokratischen Polen seit 1990. In diesem Buch begegnen sich erfahrene Autoren und Vertreter der jungen Generation, die sich mit dem Problem der Schuld, ihrer Verdrängung und der Ausfüllung der weißen Flecken der Geschichte auseinandersetzen und eine eigene Sprache für die Interpretation der Vergangenheit suchen. Sie analysieren die verschiedenen Träger der Erinnerung an die Juden (u. a. Museen, Filme und die schöne Literatur). Das Buch setzt ein Zeichen für eine neue Empfindsamkeit für die Vergangenheit und deren Bedeutung für das Verständnis der Gegenwart.
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Der deutsch-isländische Fischereizonenstreit 1972-1976

Krisenfall für die NATO?- Anhand der Akten des Auswärtigen Amtes

Katrin Rupprecht

Zwischen 1972 und 1976 tobte zwischen Island und der Bundesrepublik Deutschland sowie Großbritannien ein Fischereizonenstreit. London entsandte seine Kriegsmarine, Bonn schloss die deutschen Häfen für isländischen Fisch, Reykjavik brach die diplomatischen Beziehungen zu London ab. Der Konflikt um die Fischereirechte rührte zudem an den Grundfesten der NATO. Im Zuge des Streits kündigte Island den amerikanischen Truppenstützpunkt und drohte mit dem NATO-Austritt. Island war jedoch in den Planungen für den Kriegsfall unersetzbar. Nur über die dortige Militärbasis konnte die sowjetische U-Bootflotte im Nordatlantik sowie der Luftraum überwacht werden. Die nun geöffneten Akten des Auswärtigen Amtes bieten neue Erkenntnisse zur Außenpolitik der Bundesrepublik und der Allianz.
Open access

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Min Reuchamps

En Belgique et au Canada, le fédéralisme est depuis de nombreuses années un sujet d’une brûlante actualité. Son avenir y est régulièrement et intensément débattu.
Pourtant, hormis les sondages, rares sont les tentatives cherchant à mieux comprendre ce que pensent les citoyens du fédéralisme et de son avenir. Pour leur donner la parole, quatre panels citoyens délibératifs, rassemblant au total une centaine de participants, ont été organisés : deux en Belgique (à Anvers, en Flandre, et à Liège, en Wallonie) et deux au Canada (à Kingston, en Ontario, et à Montréal, au Québec). Ces rencontres ont permis aux participants de s’informer et d’échanger, pendant plusieurs heures, avec d’autres citoyens, des experts et des personnalités politiques à propos du fédéralisme dans leur pays respectif.
Fort du recueil de ces opinions mieux informées, ce livre offre une comparaison de quatre cas d’études dont les dynamiques se rejoignent et s’opposent. Différents profils de citoyens émergent de ces regards croisés et illustrent ainsi plusieurs visions divergentes de l’avenir du fédéralisme en Belgique et au Canada.
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Le fédéralisme multinational

Un modèle viable ?

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Edited by Michel Seymour and Guy Laforest

Le fédéralisme multinational est-il un modèle d’organisation politique viable ? La disparition de certaines fédérations multinationales comme l’URSS, la Tchécoslovaquie et la Yougoslavie, de même que la mise à mal de certaines autres expériences fédérales comme la Belgique et le Canada contrastent singulièrement avec le succès relatif des fédérations mononationales comme les États-Unis et l’Allemagne. Dès lors, l’expérience européenne est-elle prometteuse ?
Au-delà d’un examen général de la question de l’aménagement de la diversité nationale au sein des régimes fédératifs, cet ouvrage se penche plus particulièrement sur les problèmes juridiques et politiques épineux auxquels sont confrontés certains pays comme le Canada, la Belgique et l’Espagne.