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Disrupted Idylls

Nature, Equality, and the Feminine in Sentimentalist Russian Women’s Writing (Mariia Pospelova, Mariia Bolotnikova, and Anna Naumova) – With translations by Emily Lygo

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Ursula Stohler

The study provides a close analysis of literary works by women in late-18 th - and early-19 th -century Russia, with a focus on Anna Naumova, Mariia Pospelova, and Mariia Bolotnikova. Political, social and feminist theories are applied to examine restrictions imposed on women. Women authors in particular were fettered by a culture of feminisation strongly influenced by the French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau. As Sentimentalism and its aesthetics began to give way to Romantic ideals, some provincial Russian women writers saw an opportunity to claim social equality, and to challenge traditional concepts of authorship and a view of women as mute and passive.
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Performance Measurement im Einzelhandel

Multiperspektivische Diskussion zur Implementierung und Verwendung von Erfolgskennzahlen auf der operativen Einzelhandelsebene

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Verena Harrauer

Die Ausgestaltung von Performance Measurement orientiert sich an branchenspezifischen Charakteristika. Mit Hilfe eines Mixed-Methods-Ansatzes zeigt die Autorin für den Einzelhandel, welche Erfolgskennzahlen relevant sind. Der Fokus liegt auf der Verwendung von Performance-Kennzahlen auf der Filialebene. Die Ausgangsbasis der Analyse bildet ein Literaturüberblick, der die kennzahlenorientierte Handelsmarketingforschung der letzten 50 Jahre beleuchtet. Problemzentrierte Leitfadeninterviews mit Handelsmanagern aus dem US-amerikanischen und deutschsprachigen Raum zeigen Unterschiede im Verständnis der Konzeption. Eine Face-to-Face-Befragung von Managern sowie ein conjoint-analytischer Ansatz präsentieren Relevanz und Nützlichkeit von Handelskennzahlen im Alltag.
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Dissent! Refracted

Histories, Aesthetics and Cultures of Dissent

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Edited by Ben Dorfman

This collection of essays addresses the ongoing problem of dissent from a broad range of disciplinary perspectives: political philosophy, intellectual history, literary studies, aesthetics, architectural history and conceptualizations of the political past. Taking a global perspective, the volume examines the history of dissent both inside and outside the West, through events in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries both nearer to our own times as well as more distant, and through a range of styles reflecting how contested and pressing the problem of dissent in fact is. Drawing on a range of authors and international problematics, the contributions discuss the multiple ways in which we refract memories of dissent in cultural, historical and aesthetic context. It also discusses the diverse ideas, images and phenomena we use to do so.
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Conversational Writing

A Multidimensional Study of Synchronous and Supersynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication

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Ewa Jonsson

The author analyses computer chat as a form of communication. While some forms of computer-mediated communication (CMC) deviate only marginally from traditional writing, computer chat is popularly considered to be written conversation and the most «oral» form of written CMC. This book systematically explores the varying degrees of conversationality («orality») in CMC, focusing in particular on a corpus of computer chat (synchronous and supersynchronous CMC) compiled by the author. The author employs Douglas Biber’s multidimensional methodology and situates the chats relative to a range of spoken and written genres on his dimensions of linguistic variation. The study fills a gap both in CMC linguistics as regards a systematic variationist approach to computer chat genres and in variationist linguistics as regards a description of conversational writing.
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Cartographies of Differences

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

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Edited by Ulrike M. Vieten and Gill Valentine

This volume investigates the process of learning how to live with individual and group differences in the twenty-first century and examines the ambivalences of contemporary cosmopolitanism. Engaging with the concept of ‘critical cartography’, it emphasizes the structural impact of localities on the experiences of those living with difference, while trying to develop an account of the counter-mappings that follow spatial and social transformations in today’s world. The contributors focus on visual, normative and cultural embodiments of difference, examining dynamic conflicts at local sites that are connected by the processes of Europeanization and globalization.
The collection explores a wide range of topics, including conflicting claims of sexual minorities and conservative Christians, the relationship between national identity and cosmopolitanism, and the ways that cross-cultural communication and bilingualism can help us to understand the complex nature of belonging. The authors come from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds and all contribute to a vernacular reading of cosmopolitanism and transnationalism, aimed at opening up new avenues of research into living with difference.
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Edited by Susanne Göpferich and Imke Neumann

Academic literacy used to be considered a complex set of skills that develop automatically as a by-product of academic socialization. Since the Bologna Reform with its shorter degree programmes, however, it has been realized that these skills need to be fostered actively. Simultaneously, writing skills development at all levels of education has been faced with the challenge of increasingly multilingual and multicultural groups of pupils and students. This book addresses the questions of how both academic and professional writing skills can be fostered under these conditions and how the development of writing skills can be measured.
Open access

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Wolfgang Bongers

Archivo, memoria, cine, literatura y política. Desde una perspectiva intermedial, los ensayos reunidos en el libro analizan las relaciones entre estos campos en Argentina y Chile durante las últimas décadas. Un eje aborda las estrategias de (anti)memoria en dictadura, postdictadura y las democracias neoliberales, entre los años 80 y la actualidad; otro eje reflexiona sobre las nuevas coordenadas del cine argentino como territorio paradigmático del arte contemporáneo. Se articulan textos y films de los chilenos Gonzalo Justiniano, Pablo Larraín, Enrique Lihn, Germán Marín, Gonzalo Millán, Pablo Perelman y varias documentalistas chilenas; y films de los argentinos Lisandro Alonso, Anahí Berneri, Albertina Carri, Santiago Loza, Lucrecia Martel, Santiago Mitre y Celina Murga.
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Die Protokollbücher des Ordens vom Goldenen Vlies

Teil 4: Der Übergang an das Haus Habsburg (1477 bis 1480)

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Edited by Sonja Dünnebeil

Das 4. Protokollbuch des Ordens vom Goldenen Vlies berichtet in französischer Sprache über die Aktivitäten des Ordens zwischen 1477 und 1480. Höhepunkt dabei ist das prachtvolle Fest in Brügge im Frühjahr 1478: Hier wurde der neue Herzog von Burgund, der Habsburger Maximilian I., zum neuen Souverän eingesetzt, womit der Beginn einer neuen Ära im krisengeschüttelten Burgund symbolisiert werden sollte. Mit den präzisen Angaben über Ort der Versammlungen, Teilnehmer, Tagesordnungspunkte, Beschlüsse, Neuwahlen und Zeremonien bietet die Edition der Protokolle nicht nur eine bisher unbeachtete Quelle zur Ordensgeschichte, sondern eröffnet auch einen interessanten Blick auf die kritische Zeit Burgunds, denn sie berichtet auch von Identität, Sozialkontrolle sowie von Treue und Verrat.
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Acoustics of the Vowel

Preliminaries

Dieter Maurer

It seems as if the fundamentals of how we produce vowels and how they are acoustically represented have been clarified: we phonate and articulate. Using our vocal chords, we produce a vocal sound or noise which is then shaped into a specific vowel sound by the resonances of the pharyngeal, oral, and nasal cavities, that is, the vocal tract. Accordingly, the acoustic description of vowels relates to vowelspecific patterns of relative energy maxima in the sound spectra, known as patterns of formants.
The intellectual and empirical reasoning presented in this treatise, however, gives rise to scepticism with respect to this understanding of the sound of the vowel. The reflections and materials presented provide reason to argue that, up to now, a comprehensible theory of the acoustics of the voice and of voiced speech sounds is lacking, and consequently, no satisfying understanding of vowels as an achievement and particular formal accomplishment of the voice exists. Thus, the question of the acoustics of the vowel – and with it the question of the acoustics of the voice itself – proves to be an unresolved fundamental problem.
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Adult Education and Lifelong Learning in Europe and Beyond

Comparative Perspectives from the 2015 Würzburg Winter School

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Edited by Regina Egetenmeyer

This volume presents comparisons of adult education and lifelong learning with a focus on educational policies, professionalization in adult education, participation in adult learning and education, quality in adult education, and educational guidance and counselling. The essays are based on comparisons discussed at the international Winter School «Comparative Studies in Adult and Lifelong Learning», held in Würzburg, Germany, February 2015. Sub-topics of lifelong learning were chosen for an in-depth comparison and analysis of the situation in various European countries and beyond.