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Concilier démocratie et diversité

Essais de théorie politique

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Edited by Bernard Gagnon and Jackie Steele

Démocratie et diversité sont-elles conciliables ? Et, si oui, à quelles conditions ? Selon un discours dominant, le modèle libéral, pluraliste et multiculturel serait le seul véritablement en mesure de répondre à ce défi. Mais le prix à payer serait un renoncement à l’idéal républicain du bien commun et à l’idée d’une communauté de citoyens qui s’autogouvernent.
Les auteurs de ce livre, qu’ils s’inscrivent dans les courants républicain, libéral ou radical, ne partagent pas ce constat. La conciliation entre démocratie et diversité n’a pas le libéralisme multiculturel comme seul horizon. Au contraire, c’est en reposant les fondements de la démocratie, et en conservant à l’arrière-plan un certain héritage républicain, que peut émerger une nouvelle approche de la diversité.
Pour certains auteurs, cet héritage républicain est celui de posséder une grammaire culturelle commune afin d’assurer une cohésion collective, pour d’autres, il s’exprime comme liberté de non-domination ou encore comme modèle d’autodétermination démocratique. Un héritage qui est pluriel, mais qui a encore un rôle aujourd’hui pour répondre aux problèmes politiques des sociétés démocratiques, dont celui de la diversité et de la reconnaissance des différences.
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Negotiating Diversity

Identity, Pluralism and Democracy

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Edited by Alain-G. Gagnon and José-Maria Sauca

This book provides new insights into the negotiation and management of diversity in complex democratic settings. Much debate has been generated recently over questions of human rights and dignity with the aim of empowering and improving the recognition of smaller nations.
The book’s central idea is that respect for democracy and protection of human rights represent the most potent ways for the advancement and enrichment of cultural, ideological and legal pluralism. The pursuit and accomplishment of such objectives can only be achieved through negotiation that leads to the accommodation and empowerment of minority groups and nations.
Negotiating Diversity brings into dialogue political scientists, philosophers and jurists, and enriches a major discussion launched some years back by Yael Tamir’s Liberal Nationalism, Alain-G. Gagnon and James Tully’s Multinational Democracies, as well as Wayne Norman’s Negotiating Nationalism, and Will Kymlicka’s Multicultural Citizenship.
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Adrian Robu

Mégare est la seule cité de Grèce antique à avoir essaimé des colonies aussi bien en Sicile que sur les rives de la Propontide et dans le Pont-Euxin. À partir des récits antiques, des inscriptions et des documents archéologiques, l’auteur se propose d’offrir une nouvelle interprétation d’un mouvement colonial unique en son genre. Étudiant les causes du départ des Mégariens, il révèle le rôle déterminant joué par les conflits qui opposaient les familles aristocratiques. Il montre aussi que les fondations mégariennes furent le résultat d’une sorte de synœcisme primitif, d’un rassemblement de plusieurs groupes de colons le plus souvent hétérogènes du point de vue ethnique. Les institutions restaient en revanche calquées sur celles de la métropole : les subdivisions civiques et plusieurs magistratures mégariennes furent ainsi reproduites à l’identique. En outre, l’étude des institutions permet de mettre en évidence le rapport étroit qui existe entre l’émergence de la cité et le début de la colonisation grecque, deux phénomènes simultanés du haut archaïsme, qui ont profondément et durablement marqué l’histoire des communautés helléniques.
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E-Political Socialization, the Press and Politics

The Media and Government in the USA, Europe and China

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Edited by Christ´l De Landtsheer, Russell Farnen and Daniel B. German

This book examines the state of print and electronic media in the United States of America, Europe, and China. The latest mass communication advances demonstrate that we live in an increasingly media-centric world. The chapters include theoretical and empirical studies that shed light on the meaning of this development. The trajectory of people’s move to electronic communication is a global phenomenon affecting their daily life. Does this trend aid or impede democracy? Is there an emerging digital divide contributing to an increasing gap between the rich and poor people and nations? The four parts of this book explore various aspects of political socialization and its relationship with different media, including print, broadcasting, and the Internet.
Open access

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Simon Schunz

Ever since the first international negotiations on climate change in the early 1990s, the European Union has aspired to play a leading role in global climate politics.
This book engages in a longitudinal analysis of the EU’s participation in and impact on the United Nations climate regime.
It provides not only comprehensive insights into the evolution of EU foreign climate policy, but also a thought-provoking audit of the potential and limits of the EU’s influence in a major domain of global affairs.
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Arrested Mourning

Memory of the Nazi Camps in Poland, 1944–1950

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Zofia Woycicka

«Analyzing the earliest debates over the memory of Nazi camps, the author makes an important contribution to the study of their origin, reducing the existing asymmetry in our knowledge on the relevant phenomena in Western and Eastern Europe. This is all the more important as the Poles and Polish Jews, whose involvement in the disputes over memory she describes, were the most important group of survivors and eyewitnesses of the camps and so the genuine group of memory.» Prof. Dariusz Stola (Institute of Political Studies of the Polish Academy of Science)
«The vast number and variety of sources used in this work create a fascinating picture of a multifaceted, rich, vivid, and at times heated debate conducted in Poland in the late 1940s. A great merit of Wóycicka is to preserve this discourse from oblivion and to bring it back into the public sphere.» Barbara Engelking (Polish Center for Holocaust Research)
Open access

Globalisation vs Europeanisation

A Human-centric Interaction

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Léonce Bekemans

Courage and inspiration are needed to renew the European dream and rediscover the purpose of a European civilisation project which responds to the cultural and moral traditions rooted in the vision of its founding fathers. A mobilising and forward-looking interaction between globalisation and Europeanisation can provide some answers in the emerging global transnational era.
This book offers an interdisciplinary in-depth analysis of the relation between globalisation and Europeanisation from a value driven and human-centric perspective. It proposes a broad, diversified and innovative framework and analysis of concepts based on a human rights, cosmopolitan and public goods perspective of sustainable statehood. This approach is applied to interconnected policy areas and issues that are crucial to Europe’s future, such as external relations, culture, intercultural dialogue, citizenship, education and territorial cooperation. The book’s multidisciplinary readings and critical reflections address the complex issues at play in today’s European societies, which require sustainable, cohesive and responsible answers at conceptual and policy level.
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The Nation Should Come First

Marxism and Historiography in East Central Europe

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Maciej Gorny

By the second half of the 1940s, newly conquered nations of Central and Eastern Europe were expected to adjust multiple professions, including those related to the historical sciences, to the Soviet model. However, Marxism, soon to become the only acceptable methodology, was no longer understood in the same way as in Bolshevik Russia. Its Soviet variation borrowed heavily from the tradition of Russian historiography and the Russian national tradition. The variations formulated in the satellite countries were also less likely to break away from existing traditions than to revise and re-evaluate them, along with the perspectives on Russia’s role in the history of Central and Eastern Europe.
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Reconstructing Memory

The Holocaust in Polish Public Debates

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Piotr Forecki

The book aims to reconstruct and analyze the disputes over the Polish-Jewish past and memory in public debates in Poland between 1985 and 2012, from the discussions about Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah, Jan Błoński’s essay The Poor Poles Look at the Ghetto, Jan Tomasz Gross’ books Neighbours, Fear and Golden Harvest, to the controversies surrounding the premiere of Władysław Pasikowski’s The Aftermath. The analysis includes the course and dynamics of the debates and, most importantly, the panorama of opinions revealed in the process. It embraces the debates held across the entire spectrum of the national press. The selection of press was not limited by the level of circulation or a subjective opinion of their value. The main intention was to reconstruct the widest possible variety of opinions that were revealed during the debates. Broad symbolic elites participated in the debates: people who exercised control over publicly accessible knowledge, legitimacy of beliefs and the content of public discourse.
Open access

Euroscepticism, Europhobia and Eurocriticism

The Radical Parties of the Right and Left "vis-à-vis" the European Union

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Cesareo Rodriguez-Aguilera de Prat

Euroscepticism has become a generic catch-all term that is not always useful to capture the nuances of the different types of political opposition to the current process of European integration. This research analyses the electoral manifestos and programmes presented to the European Parliamentary elections in 2009 by twenty-two parties. In this regard, it is clear that the radical right parties usually have Europhobic impulses – their rejection being not only of methods, but also of principals. In contrast, the radical left parties are, in theory, favourable to European integration, but dispute the direction imposed by the EU authorities.