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Edited by Cyril Levitt and Sabine Sander

This posthumously published work by Lawrence Krader surveys the study of myths from ancient times (classical Greece and Rome, Egypt, Babylonian, Akkadian, Sumerian, Chinese) from the Biblican traditions, from the indigenous peoples of the Americas and Australia, and from Northeastern and Central Asia.The book covers the various approaches to the study of myth from ancient times through Europe in the Middle Ages, in the Renaissance and Enlightenment, in the Romantic movement in the late eighteenth and early to mid-nineteenth century, among the evolutionists of the mid-nineteenth to the early twentieth century, and the structuralists, and hermeneutic approaches as well as linguistics. The book covers the treatment of myth from the inside that is from the experience of those committed to the myth and from the outside or those ethnologists, philosophers, and other students of myth who are outsiders. This treatment takes up the theme of esoteric and exoteric myths as it rejects some of the assumptions and approaches to the study of myth in the past while singling out others for approval and inclusion in the general theory of myth. Interestingly, it includes a discussion of myth in science and in infinitesimal mathematics. And, it considers the relationship between myth and ideology in the twentieth century in relation to politics and power. It both incorporates and broadens Krader’s theory of nature as a manifold consisting of different orders which he developed in his magnum opus Noetics: The Science of Thinking and Knowing.

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Семантика коннекторов

Количественные методы описания

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Edited by Ольга Инькова

В эпоху корпусных исследований и создания цифровых информационных ресурсов, содержащих большие объемы текстов, применение количественных методов анализа языковых единиц становится неотъемлемой частью лингвистических описаний. В книге представлены результаты сопоставительного исследования коннекторов с использованием количественных методов анализа, выполненного в рамках совместного российско-швейцарского проекта «Контрастивное корпусное исследование коннекторов русского языка».

Исследование коннекторов проводилось с использованием нового уникального лингвистического ресурса – Надкорпусной базы данных (НБД) коннекторов. В первой главе монографии описаны структура НБД и возможности, которые она дает лингвистам для применения количественных и контрастивных методов исследования. Во второй и третьей главе монографии представлены результаты применения этих методов для исследования коннекторов как показателей логико-семантических отношений сопутствования и переформулирования в русском и французском языках. В четвертой, заключительной, главе монографии количественные методы применены к анализу результатов машинного перевода, одного из перспективных направлений в области компьютерной лингвистики.

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The Expanding Universe of Writing Studies

Higher Education Writing Research

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Edited by Kelly Blewett, Tiane Donahue and Cynthia Monroe

This edited collection arrives at a crucial moment in the evolution of Writing Studies research. It brings together well-known and emerging scholars in the field of Writing Studies, broadly defined, to explore the range of research methods and methodologies, the types of research questions asked, and the types of data in play in research about higher education writing in the 21st century. Its contribution is unique in the current landscape—a collection of carefully detailed descriptions of the research methods that constitute the field today, after fifty years of development—as marked by the 50th anniversary of the 1966 Dartmouth Seminar. The chapters focus on writing and writers in higher education, foregrounding research questions, methods, and data, while defining the areas of research that constitute this interdisciplinary field and offering examples of studies that employ the methods in these areas. Initial chapters address broad questions: the state of the field today, with a special focus on the field’s methods and their (inter)disciplinary history. Contributions then cover domains such as sociological ethnography, cultural-historical activity theory, linguistics, decolonial translation, cognitive science, corpus linguistics in the study of writing in university first year and upper-level contexts, recurring features in writing across academic contexts, work from psychologists studying college writers’ neuroplasticity, and many other domains of writing research. The final chapter argues for the value of lifespan writing research as an emerging domain, while the conclusion presents a synthesis of the major themes of the collection from leading scholars in the field.

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The Polish Reason of State in Austria

The Poles in the Political Life of Austria in the Period of the Dual Monarchy (1867–1918)

Dorota Litwin-Lewandowska

The monograph describes the history of the Polish diaspora in the Habsburg monarchy in the historical, institutional, legal, political, and organizational context. In the period of the Dual Monarchy (1867–1918), the Poles who lived under the Austro-Hungarian regime sought to influence the fate of their nation and state primarily through an active involvement in parliamentary life and state administration. The study of the social and political activity of the Poles in the Austrian partition reveals their political heritage, which influenced not only the Polish idea of patriotism but also the formation of the Polish political culture rooted in the European tradition of parliamentarism and constitutionalism.