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D’ennemi à allié

L’adhésion de la Hongrie, de la Pologne et de la République tchèque à l’Alliance atlantique (1989-1999)


Amélie Zima

Moins de dix ans après la dissolution du pacte de Varsovie, trois pays postcommunistes, la Hongrie, la Pologne et la République tchèque, deviennent membres de l’OTAN. Comment expliquer ce passage du statut d’ennemi à celui d’allié ? En analysant la rénovation institutionnelle de l’Alliance atlantique, et plus particulièrement le bricolage institutionnel qui entoure la fabrique d’un processus de négociations, et les usages politiques de l’histoire qui émaillent les relations entre l’OTAN, les pays d’Europe centrale et la Russie, cet ouvrage apporte des clés d’analyse renouvelées sur le premier élargissement post-guerre froide. Il déconstruit de ce fait des étiquettes en montrant que l’atlantisme des pays d’Europe centrale a été une construction politique qui résulte tant de jeux politiques nationaux que des passés douloureux, et montre également que l’OTAN n’a pas été réellement une institution socialisatrice.

Fondé sur un corpus inédit d’entretiens conduits avec des hommes politiques et des diplomates hongrois, polonais et tchèques, ce livre éclaire sous un nouveau jour les dynamiques postcommunistes. À l’heure où la politique d’élargissement de l’OTAN connaît un certain ralentissement, où la dimension libérale de l’Alliance est questionnée par l’autoritarisme de certains membres, et, où la relation entre l’espace euro-atlantique et la Russie est conflictuelle, il est utile de revenir sur la décennie fondamentale des années 1990 qui a façonné le monde d’après-guerre froide et a posé les bases du nouvel ordre européen.

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Edited by Mariane Frenay and Bernard Fusulier

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A Companion

Edited by Simon Bacon

What is Horror?

Horror is an inherently sensational and popular phenomenon. Extreme violence, terrifying monsters and jarring music shock, scare and excite us out of our everyday lives. The horror genre gives shape to the particular anxieties of society but also reveals the fundamental nature of what it is to be human.

This volume provides an introduction to horror in compact and accessible essays, from classics such as Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining to contemporary throwbacks like the Duffer Brothers’ Stranger Things. Beginning with the philosophical and historical background of horror, this book touches upon seminal figures such as Poe, Lovecraft, Quiroga, Jackson, King and Suzuki and engages with the evolution of the genre across old and new media from literature, art and comics to film, gaming and social media. Alongside this is a consideration of established and emerging areas like smart horror (Jordan Peele’s Get Out), queer horror (Brad Falchuk’s American Horror Story), eco-horror (Alex Garland’s Annihilation), horror video games (P.T.) and African American horror (Tananarive Due’s Ghost Summer: Stories).

This volume provides an invaluable resource for experts, students and general readers alike for further understanding the horror genre and the ways it is developing into the future.

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The Memory of Romanticism.

A Study not only from the Past


Krzysztof Trybuś

The book depicts the phenomenon of cultural memory preserved in the Polish Romantic literature, predominantly in the works of Mickiewicz, Słowacki, and Norwid (and other European poets). The primary objective is to reconstruct the cultural pattern of continuity established in Poland during the period of catastrophe. The author describes the call for a critical historiography and presents a "Slavic counterpoint" in the history of modern Europe. The key questions of the book are: Will the Romantic lesson about the transformation of history into memory and turning the past into an object of faith turn out to be a lesson about the future? The book is inspired by the German trend of contemporary reflection – "the culture of remembrance" (Erinnerungskultur) founded on the works of the Assmanns.

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Roads Less Traveled

German-Jewish Exile Experiences in Kenya, 1933–1947

Natalie Eppelsheimer

Before Nowhere in Africa won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 2002, the fate of German-Jewish exiles in Africa was not widely discussed. The film, based on the autobiographical work of Stefanie Zweig, tells the story of the Zweig family, who escaped the perils of Nazism and found refuge in the British colony of Kenya.

Taking Zweig’s written works Nowhere in Africa and Nirgendwo war Heimat: Mein Leben auf zwei Kontinenten [Nowhere was Home: My Life on Two Continents] as a point of departure, and drawing on extensive sources – including previously unexplored government files from the Colonial Office and other archival records, correspondence, first-person accounts and personal communication with former refugees – this book provides a detailed historical look at German- Jewish emigration to Kenya. The volume explores British immigration policies and the formation of the Plough Settlement Association, under whose auspices German-Jewish refugees were to be settled in Kenya as farmers. It also traces the difficult lives of refugees, both adults and children, within the complex dynamics of British colonial society in the Kenya of the 1930s and 1940s, paying special attention to the experiences of children in the colony.

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Růžena Zátková

Un’artista dimenticata

Marina Giorgini

La figura di Růžena Zátková (České Budějovice 1885 – Leysin 1923), artista boema generalmente associata al futurismo italiano ma per alcuni versi più vicina all’avanguardia russa, risulta tanto affascinante quanto ancora semisconosciuta al grande pubblico e non solo. Affascinante perché la sua vita, e tutta la sua straordinaria storia, costituiscono di per sé la trama esemplare di un romanzo avventuroso e tragico al contempo. Figlia di una prestigiosa famiglia dell’aristocrazia boema, si legò in un matrimonio infelice a Vasilij Khvoschinskij, coltissimo diplomatico dell’Ambasciata Russa a Roma, dove entrò immediatamente negli ambienti più rinomati e prestigiosi. Musa e amante platonica dello scultore croato Ivan Meštrović, del pittore messicano Roberto Montenegro e del compositore russo Igor’ Stravinskij, cara amica del maestro futurista Giacomo Balla, gravitò inoltre nell’orbita dei Balletti Russi di Djagilev, legandosi in una profonda e sincera amicizia a Larionov e alla Gončarova. Protagonista di una serie di sedute spiritiche tenutesi alla presenza delle personalità più eminenti e stravaganti della capitale italiana, scoprendo grazie allo spiritismo "la legittima realtà dell’astrazione", si ammalò gravemente di tubercolosi e venne ricoverata in un isolato sanatorio svizzero per ben tre anni. Sposò in seconde nozze Arturo Cappa, membro eminente del Partito Comunista italiano vicino ad Antonio Gramsci e futuro cognato di Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. Fu infine amica sincera e confidente di Benedetta Cappa Marinetti e dell’archeologo e umanista Umberto Zanotti-Bianco. Morì a soli 38 anni per l’aggravarsi della tisi proprio mentre la sua carriera stava decollando.

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Edited by Linda Bryder and Martin Gorsky

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Edited by Linda Bryder and Martin Gorsky

Studies in the History of Healthcare provides an outlet for academic monographs (sole- or multi-authored) devoted to both the social and the intellectual dimensions of the history of medicine, with a special emphasis on public health, health care and health services. The focus of the series is on the nineteenth and/or twentieth centuries, and is international in scope. The series encourages investigations into public health including environmental health, preventive medicine, responses to lifestyle diseases, and maternal and child health. It also embraces studies of health policy, health systems and state medicine, including in colonial and postcolonial settings. While studies may focus on general medicine, they would also give appropriate weight to healthcare as it relates to sectors such as indigenous peoples, older people, mentally ill and/or other vulnerable social groups. Unless they are placed in a broad context and address significant historical questions the series does not include biographies or histories of individual institutions and organisations. The monographs included in this series reflect the cutting edge of research in the now well-established and still expanding field of medical history.

Studies in the History of Healthcare is a successor to Studies in the History of Medicine, formerly edited by Charles Webster.

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Translation and Interpreting

Convergence, Contact and Interaction

Edited by Eugenia Dal Fovo and Paola Gentile

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Un dénuement fastueux

Les œuvres d’art dans les chartreuses médiévales


Cristina Dagalita

En 1385, le duc de Bourgogne Philippe le Hardi fonde la chartreuse de Champmol, près de Dijon. Les œuvres somptueuses réalisées pour ce monastère reflètent-elles la spiritualité des chartreux ? Cet ouvrage propose un regard transversal sur l’art produit pour les moines chartreux au cours du Moyen Âge. Il analyse la manière dont ceux-ci envisageaient la création artistique, d’après le témoignage de leurs textes normatifs ou mystiques. Peut-on dire qu’il y a eu un « art chartreux » ? La présent livre explore les mécanismes de la commande artistique en se plaçant du point de vue d’un ordre placé sous le sceau de l’austérité, mais destinataire de nombreuses œuvres d’art.