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Smaller World, Bigger Issues

Growth, Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty

Edited by Hale Kırer Silva Lecuna

Our world is becoming smaller day-by-day due to the effects of technological advances and improvements in transportation. On the other hand, in spite of this world’s apparent shrinkage, issues such as economic growth, unemployment, inequalities in several levels and poverty are getting bigger. The societies have struggled with these issues since their first existence, but nowadays there are no borders or limits to contain a certain problem inside a certain area. A disaster, shortage, conflict, bankruptcy, strikes, etc. in any region affects everyone worldwide in real time. This book includes various analyses of these global issues from different expert perspectives in order to enlighten the readers and make recommendations to policymakers.

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Veronika Cillingová, Eva Bútorová, Dáša Nováčiková and Jitka Rožňová

The book deals with the problems of media communication and its formation in the Slovak Republic in and after 1993. It focuses on the social function of the media in the sense of journalistic communication. The authors also address the problems of gender stereotypes presented through social networks and advertising in all kinds of media in Slovakia and abroad. This book also explores the question of forming a theoretical basis for the creation of mass media communication (print media, film, photography, literature, works in marketing communication, books). This book does not elaborate on all problems of the mass media in the Slovak Republic, but it attempts to examine the key issues.

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Constitutional Courts in Post-Soviet States

Between the Model of a State of Law and Its Local Application

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Jacek Zaleśny

In the book, authors from eleven post-communist countries analyse the specific legal and political character of the organs of the control of law constitutionality in post-Soviet states. This is done through explaining the legal and political character of those bodies as well as their place in the system of the state power. The authors also examine tasks assigned to those bodies, the manner of their establishment, the course of their work, the legal force of their decisions and the legal status of their members. In the conclusions, the authors refer to the optimisation of the political status of the organs controlling the constitutionality of law as organs of the protection of the constitution.

Research findings, conclusions and recommendations formulated in the book can be applied with a view to changing the mechanisms of the protection of constitutionality in post-Soviet states or presenting lawmakers in other countries with consequences of adopting particular legal solutions.

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Edited by Lucyna Harmon and Dorota Osuchowska

Language as an essential and constitutive part of national identity is what obviously gets lost in translation, being substituted by the language of another nation. For this reason, one could perceive national identity and translation as contradictory and proclaim a total untranslatability of the former. However, such a simplified conclusion would clearly deny the actual translation practice, where countless successful attempts to preserve the element of national identity can be testified. The authors of the book focus on the possibilities of various approaches to national identity as a research subject within Translation Studies. The authors hope that the variety of topics presented in this book will inspire further research.

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Lili Du

Depuis son adoption de la « Convention pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel » en 2003, la Chine a lancé au niveau national, le répertoire de son patrimoine culturel immatériel, et a élaboré, mis en action des mesures pour sa sauvegarde. Pékin, ancienne capitale des cinq dynasties, possède une source abondante du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Les vieilles enseignes pékinoises représentent un vecteur particulier du patrimoine oral, l’art de la dénomination, l’art de l’enseigne, la culture traditionnelle à travers le Confucianisme ainsi que des savoir-faire. Cependant, par rapport à la valorisation économique, la valorisation culturelle de ces entreprises a été longtemps négligée. En recourant à la formulation du patrimoine culturel immatériel, le présent travail a voulu explorer et étudier la pluralité du patrimoine immatériel des vieilles enseignes pékinoises, afin de montrer son enjeu dans le développement et la pérennité de ces enseignes ainsi que pour la préservation de la culture locale de Pékin.

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Die Investmentkommanditgesellschaft im Spannungsfeld zwischen klassischem Personengesellschafts- und Investmentrecht

Unterform der gesetzestypischen Kommanditgesellschaft, personengesellschaftsrechtliches Sonderrecht oder Investmentvehikel eigener Art?

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Dominique Janine Finke

Der Gesetzgeber hat die Investmentkommanditgesellschaft nicht nur als investmentrechtliche Organisationsform etabliert, er ordnet sie auch als eine Unterart der handelsrechtlichen Kommanditgesellschaft (KG) den Personenhandelsgesellschaften zu. Mit dem Hinweis auf die Vornahme von lediglich erforderlichen Abweichungen behauptet der Gesetzgeber, dass die gesetzestypische KG identitätswahrend in das investmentrechtliche Systemgefüge eingebunden ist. Mit anderen Worten: Die durch das KAGB geschaffenen Modifikationen führen zu keiner Entfremdung, die die Eigenschaft der InvestmentKG als HGB-KG in Frage stellen würde. Die vorliegende Arbeit misst den Gesetzgeber an dieser Einschätzung, wobei insbesondere das Spannungsverhältnis zwischen Personen- und Kapitalgesellschaftsrecht aufgegriffen wird.

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Edited by Vera Eccarius-Kelly and Michael M. Gunter

The main theme of this book is to evaluate U.S. foreign policy patterns towards Kurdish movements in Turkey and Syria and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. In the first section of the collection, U.S. foreign policy approaches are examined by comparing multiple U.S. administrations and their responses to Kurdish demands for autonomy. While Kurds have been used to advance particular policy interests, several contributors also identify challenges to Kurdish independence movements linked to ideological divisions and patronage structures. However, Kurds could benefit from political changes even if U.S. policy preferences favor maintaining established borders.

In the second section, several contributors explore the Kurdistan Regional Government’s unfulfilled expectations and the fallout from the 2017 independence referendum. Consecutive U.S. administrations have been reluctant to destabilize the region, supported efforts by Turkey to co-opt the KRG, and impeded Kurdish movements in Syria and Turkey.

Finally, the third section analyzes the ways in which Kurdish movements have responded to long-standing patterns of U.S. foreign policy preferences. Here contributors examine Kurdish lobbying efforts in the U.S., discuss Kurdish para-diplomacy activities in a comparative context, and frame the YPG/J’s (People’s Protections Units/Women’s Protections Units) and PYD’s (Democratic Union Party) project in Syria. Broader power structures are critically examined by focusing on particular Kurdish movements and their responses to U.S. foreign policy initiatives.

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Edited by Karolina Sidowska and Monika Wąsik

Das Ziel dieses Buches ist in erster Linie die Popularisierung dieser Schweizer Theaterautoren, die – mit Ausnahme vielleicht von Lukas Bärfuss – im polnischen sowie europäischen Umfeld wenig bekannt oder gar unbekannt sind, wie Mathias Zschokke, Thomas Hürlimann, Lukas Linder, etc. Bei manchen von ihnen steht das politische und soziale Engagement deutlich im Fokus (Albert Ehrismann, Urs Widmer, Milo Rau). Darüber hinaus wird aus heutiger Perspektive der Literaturkanon, d.h. das Œuvre von Max Frisch und Friedrich Dürrenmatt, neu gelesen und reinterpretiert. Nicht zuletzt finden hier auch einige Aspekte der Organisation des Theatersystems in der Schweiz, wie z.B. die Förderungsmaßnahmen für junge AutorInnen oder das gegenwärtige Puppentheater, eine Beleuchtung. 

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Edited by Ralf Junkerjürgen and Gala Rebane

Multilingualism is a phenomenon that has become increasingly visible in popular cinema and thus is currently a very novel object of academic inquiry. The present volume is a cutting-edge collection of cross- and transdisciplinary takes on this phenomenon and its different aspects. Its topics range from translation theory to political and aesthetic quandaries of audiovisual translation and subtitling, to narratological function of multilingualism in fiction, to language ideologies and language poetics onscreen. Its authorship is a worldwide body of perspectives, whose contributions span a distinctive collection of international, national and regional film traditions.

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Schriftsprachliche Positionierungen

Eine pragmalinguistische Untersuchung historischer Paratexte

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Jessica Weidenhöffer

Das Buch liefert ein Modell für die Analyse schriftbasierter Positionierungen. Am Beispiel von Englischlehrwerken, die in der Zeit von 1760 bis 1841 für Sprecher/-innen des Deutschen erschienen sind, werden Handlungsoptionen der Produzierenden vorgestellt. Positionierungen zeigen sich in Form sprachlicher und typographischer Verfahren zur Signalisierung, Anbahnung und Aufrechterhaltung eines produzenten- und publikumsseitigen Engagements. Zudem umfassen sie Prozesse der Verortung von Personen im sozialen Gefüge und den Einsatz argumentativer Muster zur Kauf- und Nutzenüberzeugung. Die Positionierungsanalyse gibt Einblick in Sichtweisen, die im historischen Kulturraum Englischunterricht dominant waren und teils heute noch kommuniziert werden.