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Documents diplomatiques français

1973 – Tome I (1er janvier – 30 juin)


Edited by Ministère des Affaires étrangères

Il y a des années qu’on considère comme des tournants. 1973 est de celles-là, et comme on le verra, cela est vrai pour le second semestre comme pour le premier.

Parmi les événements les plus marquants :

- C’est d’abord l’aboutissement des négociations de Paris sur le Vietnam avec les accords de janvier 1973, qui signifient le retrait des forces américaines. Est-ce la paix en Indochine ? Très rapidement, on se rend compte que ce n’est qu’une trêve. Les deux régimes vietnamiens violent les accords, et n’ont nullement renoncé à obtenir une victoire militaire totale.

- C’est aussi le discours d’Henry Kissinger, le 23 avril 1973. Censé ouvrir une « Année de l’Europe »  il apparait comme l’expression d’une volonté américaine de maintenir les États européens au rang de puissances régionales dans un monde toujours dominé par la bipolarisation entre les deux grands.

- En effet, le discours est suivi par la rencontre Nixon-Brejnev de juin et le fameux accord sur la prévention de la guerre nucléaire. Il n’en faut pas plus aux Européens, et en particulier aux Français, pour croire à une connivence entre Américains et Soviétiques pour consolider, à leurs dépens, leur coexistence pacifique, et pour tout dire leur condominium.

- Cependant à Washington se développe le scandale du Watergate : au début, en 1972, il s’agit d’un simple fait divers, mais l’affaire devient politique et met en difficulté le président Nixon qui doit admettre la culpabilité de certains de ses collaborateurs. Du coup, sa popularité est en chute libre et notre ambassadeur constate que l’exécutif est paralysé, le président directement menacé et le Congrès renforcé.

- On est aussi à la veille d’une redistribution des cartes sur le plan géopolitique. Car se dessine un rapprochement complètement inattendu entre la Chine, sortie de la révolution culturelle, et l’Amérique de Nixon.

-En Amérique latine, l’heure est au recul de la démocratie et à la multiplication des coups de force : l’armée prend le pouvoir ou —quand elle l’assume déjà, comme en Uruguay— l’exerce avec rudesse. Au Chili, on est à la veille du « golpe » qui va mettre un terme à l’expérience de l’Unité populaire du président Salvador Allende : les diplomates français en poste à Santiago notent la vie politique bloquée, l’agitation de plus en plus vive de la société chilienne et rendent compte d’un premier soulèvement militaire. Ce qui se dessine est une décennie de dictatures militaires dans ce continent.

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‘Experienc’d Age knows what for Youth is fit’?

Generational and Familial Conflict in British and Irish Drama and Theatre

Edited by Katarzyna Bronk-Bacon

Over the centuries, drama has been an influential and imaginative medium for presenting, analysing and offering ways of resolving real or fictional battles. This volume provides readers with a timely study of inter-generational conflicts and crises as seen through the eyes of male and female British and Irish playwrights from the medieval period to the twenty-first century. The contributions suggest that at the heart of inter-generational discord lies various crises between (the) age(d) and youth or, more generally, the idea of what is «old» and «new». The interaction and co-existence of age and youth in their embodied, symbolic or conceptual forms is the topic of this volume. The collection is built around the words «age(d)»/«young», which denote both the biological age of the characters and the more conceptual potential of these terms. Ultimately, the contributors to this collection of essays analyse not only the idea of inter-generationality within selected dramatic works but also inter-generational conflicts seen in clashes of cultures, artistic visions, concepts and aesthetic idea(l)s.

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Edited by Billy Hawkins

This series responds to the interesting dialogue and unique social phenomena in the global context produced by the intersections of race, sport, gender, and culture. Global Intersectionality explores these intersections and expands the literature on how each inform our thinking around certain dominant ideologies. This series examines how sporting practices in the U.S. are becoming the global norm in defining what is sport, thus our understanding of race, gender, and culture.

The purpose is to inform sport enthusiasts, college students— undergraduate or graduate— educators, researchers, policy makers, and other stakeholders—who are social justice oriented— about the role sport has in contributing to informing cultural ideology, reproducing and reinforcing race and gender ideologies. It also seeks to foster an understanding of how this social phenomenon, that is often situated as merely entertainment or a recreational activity for leisure, has shifted into a cultural practice that can engender global socio-political relations.

The topics will include critical moments in sport, as well as broader social movements in sporting context. In addition, this series will dis- cuss topics ranging from youth to professional sporting experiences with attention given to the socialization and educational processes inherent in these experiences as it relates to race, gender, and culture—one title might explore the global sporting practices of Black women, another book topic will examine the sporting practices and the academic and athletic excellence achieved at Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Or, for example, another topic might be examining the athletic migration patterns of African athletes to Europe and the U.S.

The uniqueness of the titles in this series is that they will employ a variety of methodologies, including, but not limited to, qualitative, quantitative, mixed methods methodological approaches, non- empirical and socio-historical approaches that incorporate primary and secondary data sources.

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In Cynara’s Shadow

Collected Essays on Ernest Dowson

Edited by Alice Condé and Jessica Gossling

In the 120 years since the publication of his final poetry collection, Decorations: In Verse and Prose (1899), Ernest Dowson has become something of a Decadent legend, much anthologized and referenced in almost every study of English Decadent literature, but still is considered a minor figure of the fin de siècle. He is, in fact, an important intermediary between late nineteenth-century Decadence and literary Modernism. This first collection of critical essays devoted solely to Dowson draws him out of the shadows and acknowledges his talent and legacy. The essays in this volume by established and emergent Dowson scholars offer new perspectives on some of the most noteworthy aspects of Dowson’s oeuvre, including Catholicism and Paganism, desire and sexuality, space and place, his relationships with Decadent contemporaries including Paul Verlaine and Aubrey Beardsley, and his poetic resonance in twentieth-century literature and music.

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Edited by Fionna Barber, Heidi Hansson and Sara Dybris McQuaid

Ireland and the North is an edited collection of chapters engaging with the relationship between Ireland and the Nordic countries. As a spatial and geographical point of reference for the formation of political and cultural identities in Ireland, the idea of «the North» encourages the identification of overlooked connections between Ireland and the Nordic countries, which, like Ireland, are also small nation states on the periphery of Europe. Importantly, the book employs a double conceptualisation of «the North» to include Northern Ireland. Moving beyond the nation state as a key framework for analysis of human activity, this collection engages with the transnational and transcultural in a mapping of connectivity and exchange. Relationships explored are imaginary and material exchanges, civic and personal linkages, literary adaptation and appropriation, transfers of cultural artefacts, political institutions and ideas. Chapters are drawn from a wide-ranging field of study that includes art history, literary history and theory, archaeology, antiquarianism, and media studies in addition to political analysis. With three sections on Material Culture, Political Culture and Print Culture, the book moves beyond the predominant literary paradigm in Irish Studies to make a significant contribution to expanding and developing the field.

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Love's Betrayal

The Decline of Catholicism and Rise of New Religions in Ireland

Peter Mulholland

This book provides a detailed analysis of the decline of Catholicism and the almost simultaneous surge of new religious movements in Ireland during the second half of the twentieth century. After chronicling the sudden emergence of these new religious movements, some of which were associated with New Age spirituality, and considering the reactions they elicited in the Irish media and from religious and academic observers, the author explores the cultural, socioeconomic and political context in which they flourished.

Taking its title from President Mary McAleese’s response to the Ryan Report on clerical child abuse, the book traces the «systemic betrayal of the great Christian commandment to love one another» back through Irish history and into the heart of Catholic theology. It argues that the theology that transformed the «cult» of early Christianity into a great civilising power was implicated in the development of an authoritarian regime, and that this regime was undermining the faith and fostering interest in alternative spiritualities for decades before the abuse scandals of the 1990s brought the Church to its knees.

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Edited by Elisa Bizzotto

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Mensch, Analogie und Trinität

Eine Untersuchung des analogen Denkens in der Trinitätslehre von Augustinus, Richard von St. Viktor und Gisbert Greshake

Fidelis Den

«Der Mensch ist in seiner Ganzheit eine Analogie der Trinität». Diese Hauptthese der Studie ist das Ergebnis der Auseinandersetzung mit der Trinitätslehre von Augustinus, Richard von St. Viktor und Gisbert Greshake. Das Ziel der Untersuchung ist nicht nur eine Rekonstruktion und Darstellung des Menschenverständnisses, des analogen Denkens und der Trinitätslehre dieser Theologen, sondern sie soll auch die These des Autors argumentativ bestätigen, dass der Mensch in seiner Ganzheit eine Analogie für die göttliche Trinität ist.

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Navigating Ireland's Theatre Archive

Theory, Practice, Performance

Edited by Barry Houlihan

The historiography of Irish theatre has largely been dependent on in-depth studies of the play-text as the definitive primary source. This volume explores the processes of engaging with the documented and undocumented record of Irish theatre and broadens the concept of evidential study of performance through the use of increasingly diverse sources. The archive is regarded here as a broad repository of evidence including annotated scripts, photographs, correspondence, administrative documents, recordings and other remnants of the mechanics of producing theatre. It is an invaluable resource for scholars and artists in interrogating Ireland’s performance history.

This collection brings together key thinkers, scholars and practitioners who engage with the archive of Irish theatre and performance in terms of its creation, management and scholarly as well as artistic interpretation. New technological advances and mass digitization allow for new interventions in this field. The essays gathered here present new critical thought and detailed case studies from archivists, theatre scholars, historians and artists, each working in different ways to uncover and reconstruct the past practice of Irish performance through new means.

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«Plaisirs de femmes»

Women, Pleasure and Transgression in French Literature and Culture

Edited by Maggie Allison, Elliott Evans and Carrie Tarr

Feminist approaches to questions of women, pleasure and transgression have generally been premised on the assumption that women’s pleasures are typically constrained – if not ignored, marginalized or forbidden – in patriarchal cultures. The naming, foregrounding and pursuit of women’s pleasures can therefore be deemed potentially transgressive and linked to women’s emancipation in other realms. The essays in this volume draw on a range of materials, from travel writing and the novel to film and stand-up comedy, addressing the specificity of French and Francophone approaches to women, pleasure and transgression across a range of historical contexts.

The volume is divided into three sections: intellectual and creative pleasures; normative pleasures, that is, pleasures conforming to women’s conventionally expected roles and status as well as to accepted views regarding race, national identity and sexuality; and perverse pleasures, that is, pleasures transgressive in their tendency to reject authority and norms, and often controversial in their «excessive» appetite for violence, sex, alcohol or food. In each case, questions are raised about how we approach such pleasures as feminist researchers, motivated in part by a desire to counter the notion of feminism and feminist research as something «dour» or joyless.