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Przemysław Żywiczyński and Sławomir Wacewicz

This book discusses the scope and development of the science of language evolution – a newly emergent field that investigates the origin of language. The book is addressed to audiences who are not professionally involved in science and presents the problems of language origins together with introductory information on such topics as the theory of evolution, elements of linguistic theory, the neural infrastructure of language or the signalling theory.

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Genustransfer durch «Thinking for Speaking»

Kognitive Muster und ihre Bedeutung für den DaF-Unterricht

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Katharina Hirt

Wie wirken sich kognitive ‚Thinking for Speaking’ Muster auf das Fremdsprachenlernen aus? Dieser Frage geht die Autorin mithilfe einer empirischen Untersuchung an deutschen Muttersprachlern nach, die Genustransfer anhand der Pronominalisierung und Kategorisierung von belebten, nicht-menschlichen Referenten (Tiernomen) beim Sprechen des Englischen erforscht. Chinesische und englische Muttersprachler dienen als Vergleichsgruppe. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass der Genustransfer durch eine unbewusste Fehlinterpretation des Genus zum Sexus ausgelöst wird. Die Existenz solcher kognitiven Muster bedeutet, dass das Erlernen einer neuen Sprache das Erlernen neuer Muster erfordert. Die Autorin folgert, dass die Genusvermittlung einen höheren Stellenwert im DaF-Unterricht erhalten sollte, um die kognitive Umstrukturierung zu fördern.

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Grounded Visionary

The Mystic Fictions of Gerald Murnane

Brendan McNamee

Grounded Visionary: The Mystic Fictions of Gerald Murnane is a reading of Australian writer Gerald Murnane’s fiction in the light of what is known as the Perennial Philosophy, a philosophical tradition that positions itself as the mystical foundation of all the world’s religions and spiritual systems. The essential tenet of that philosophy is that at a fundamental level all of life is a unity—consciousness and world are the same thing—and that it is possible, if extremely difficult, for the discriminating individual mind to experience this wholeness. Murnane’s work can be seen not to take its lead from writings in this philosophical tradition but rather to resonate with many of them through Murnane’s unique artistic expression of his experience of the world. The crux of the argument is that beneath their yearnings for landscapes and love, Murnane’s narrators and chief characters are all in search of the essential unity that the Perennial Philosophy postulates.

Taking its cue from Murnane’s self-description as a "technical writer," this book examines each of the author’s works in detail to reveal how structures and themes are seamlessly woven together to create artworks that shimmer with mystery while at the same time remaining thoroughly grounded in the actual.

Grounded Visionary is the first full-length study of Gerald Murnane’s work to tackle head-on his underlying mystical sensibility and is also the first to deal comprehensively with the author’s complete fictional output from Tamarisk Row to Border Districts. This book will be of interest to all lovers of modern literature and will be of special interest to students of Australian literature and those concerned with the interface between art and spirituality.

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Der Konzern im Kompetenzrecht der EuGVVO

Unternehmensgruppe und internationale Zuständigkeit

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Samy Sakka

In der Unternehmenswirklichkeit ist der gesetzliche Normalfall einer Einzelgesellschaft zur Ausnahme geworden. Trotz zunehmender internationaler Verflechtung von Unternehmen fehlt es bis heute an besonderen Regelungen zur gerichtlichen Zuständigkeit bei Klagen mit Konzernbezug. Der Autor beleuchtet umfassend, welche Gerichtsstände der EuGVVO im Rahmen von Streitigkeiten mit Konzernbezug eröffnet sind. Er untersucht dabei ausführlich Ansprüche im Konzernaußen- und Konzerninnenverhältnis. Er hat dabei besonders im Fokus, die Schuttzwecke des materiellen Konzernrechts (insbesondere Abwehr von Gefahren für beherrschte Unternehmen, Gläubiger und Minderheitsaktionäre bzw. -gesellschafter) auch im Kompetenzrecht besser zu verwirklichen und gibt wertvolle Reformanstöße.

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José Pascal da Rocha

La médiation internationale est à la fois un art et une science. Cette étude se concentrera sur la médiation politique en tant que moyen de réglement d’un conflit violent, mettant ainsi fin au conflit et en permettant à la tierce partie mandatée d'aider les parties à trouver des structures et des stratégies nouvelles ou de différents mécanismes pour traiter leurs griefs sous-jacents. Sur la base de 5 phases distinctes, le guide tentera d’illustrer et de démontrer les mécanismes généraux du processus de médiation, démarrant avece le début du processus de médiation jusqu’à l’atteinte d’un résultat satisfaisant et obtenu par le biais de la médiation. Enfin, une étude de cas complexe sur la médiation au Soudan sera utilisée pour valider le modèle de médiation présenté dans ce guide. Einfin, Le manuel se terminera avec des leçons clés tirées du cas et par des réflexions finales d’ensemble. En tant que tel, il est dédié à informer le curieux, à servir en tant que tôme de réflexion pour le praticien plus érudit et à stimuler la conception et l'innovation de l’analyste politique pour contribuer à l'établissement d'une épistémologie fondamentale de la médiation.

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Liberation in Higher Education

A White Researcher’s Journey Through the Shadows

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Sarah Militz-Frielink

Liberation in Higher Education introduces and expands on the notion of Endarkened Feminist Epistemology (EFE) based on a qualitative case study of Cynthia B. Dillard and her students as well as the white researcher and author, Sarah Militz-Frielink, as she became transformed through her research in higher education. Dillard, who created EFE as a teaching and research paradigm in 2000, grounded it in several frameworks: Black feminist thought, standpoint theory, the tenets of African American spirituality, and the work of Parker J. Palmer on non-religious spirituality in education. The book delves into EFE’s origins and students’ meaning-making experiences with EFE—including related themes such as healing, identity development, cultural histories, spirituality, and the evolution of the phenomenon over time. This book also includes a chapter in which Militz-Frielink applies EFE as a methodology to herself, which is one of the recommended practices of EFE as a research tool. Liberation in Higher Education concludes with implications and recommendations for practitioners, particularly white practitioners in higher education who work with African American students in predominantly white institutions.

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José Pascal da Rocha

A mediação internacional é tanto uma arte quanto uma ciência. A fim de lançar alguma luz e aprender com instâncias de mediação política, este estudo se concentrará na mediação política como um meio de regulação de conflitos, pelo qual um conflito violento é terminado e o terceiro mandatado auxilia as partes a encontrar estruturas novas ou diferentes e mecanismos para resolver suas queixas subjacentes. Com base em 5 fases distintas, o manual tentará ilustrar e demonstrar os mecanismos gerais do processo de mediação, desde o início do processo de mediação até o alcance de um resultado mediado. Finalmente, um estudo de caso complexo das mediações do Sudão será usado para dar sentido ao modelo de mediação apresentado. O manual terminará com algumas lições importantes aprendidas com o estudo de caso e com os pensamentos finais gerais. Como tal, dedica-se a informar o curioso, a servir como um companheiro de pensamento para o praticante mais instruído, e para estimular mais design conceitual e inovação com o formulador de políticas, a fim de continuar trabalhando para o estabelecimento de uma epistemologia básica de mediação.

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The Memory of the Bishop in Medieval Cathedrals

Ceremonies and Visualizations

Edited by Gerardo Boto Varela, Isabel Escandell and Esther Lozano Lopez

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Theodore Sabo

Origins of Eastern Christian Mysticism asserts that the thinkers between Basil of Caesarea and Symeon the New Theologian were important mainly for their role in the formation of Hesychasm, a fourteenth-century mystical movement in the Eastern church. The book surveys previous research on Proto-Hesychasm and sets forth eight Hesychastic trends in its practitioners: monasticism, dark and light mysticism, and an emphasis on the heart, theōsis, the humanity of Christ, penthos, and unceasing prayer.

Theodore Sabo integrates detailed and carefully researched accounts of the lives and thought of the foundational figures of Hesychasm into a compelling narrative of the movement’s origins. The Cappadocian fathers established monasticism as the predominant milieu of Proto-Hesychasm and emphasized both theōsis and dark mysticism. Dark mysticism would come into conflict with the light mysticism of their contemporary Pseudo-Macarius, but both currents would be passed on to the Hesychasts. Macarius was a seminal figure within Proto-Hesychasm, responsible for its stress on light mysticism and heart mysticism. Hesychasm itself, the author contends, emerged from two main Proto-Hesychast fonts, the philosophical (represented by such figures as Pseudo-Dionysius and Maximus the Confessor) and the ascetic (the realm of figures like John Climacus and Isaac of Nineveh). The former school transmitted to Hesychasm a virtually unacknowledged Platonism; the latter contributed to Hesychasm’s preoccupation with theōsis, penthos, and unceasing prayer, albeit from a solely monastic perspective. Finally, Symeon the New Theologian emerged as the redoubtable successor to these schools, unifying their distinct traditions in his philosophical approach.

While previous scholarship has documented the connections between Proto-Hesychasm and Hesychasm, Origins of Eastern Christian Mysticism is unique in its treatment of the Proto-Hesychasts as a distinguishable group, and as direct instigators of Hesychasm. This provocative study should be of interest to students and scholars of the late antique history of the Eastern Orthodox Church, as well as to contemporary theologians steeped in the Eastern mystical tradition.

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Edited by Anne Castaing

Le 15 août 1947, au moment où l’Inde obtenait son indépendance, l’Asie du Sud donnait naissance à un nouvel État, le Pakistan, disloqué entre l’extrême ouest et l’extrême est du Sous-continent. Cette partition à grande échelle s’accompagna d’un exode massif des deux côtés des nouvelles frontières, donnant lieu entre communautés hindoue, musulmane et sikhe, à des massacres d’une violence inouïe perpétrés par des populations paniquées et désorientées. On parle de près d’un million de morts et de dix à douze millions de personnes déplacées, sans parler des viols, des incendies, des pillages et des dizaines de milliers de femmes kidnappées, qui entachèrent durablement l’histoire du sous-continent indien.

Il ne s’agit pas dans cet ouvrage de s’interroger sur les causes des événements tragiques de la Partition, mais plutôt d’en examiner les conséquences à long terme et de percevoir, à travers la production littéraire et artistique massive qui a suivi les années 1947-1948 et continue à la documenter et à la discuter, l’impact majeur suscité par cette fracture historique, culturelle et sociale. Cet ouvrage, composé d’articles critiques, d’entretiens et de textes littéraires en traductions inédites, propose ainsi d’examiner la Partition comme « paradigme esthétique », en identifiant tant les récurrences de sa représentation, de ses conséquences et de sa mémoire, que la variété des genres et des modes dans laquelle cette mémoire se formule. Enfin, il s’agit d’examiner les enjeux de ces représentations, tant au niveau de la culture qu’au niveau de l’Histoire et de son écriture.

Cet ouvrage, de nature inédite en France, fait écho à de nombreux travaux entrepris ces dernières décennies en Inde et dans les universités anglophones, qui visent à reconstruire l’Histoire de l’Inde au regard d’une histoire sociale et culturelle restée longtemps inexplorée.