Edited by Alison Wilde and Murray Simpson
The History of Rock 'n' Roll on Television
When MTV (Music Television channel) was established in 1981, an executive claimed that they had "integrated the most powerful forces in our two decades, TV and rock ‘n’ roll." In fact, this problematic relationship began in the mid-1950s, when the advent of rock ‘n’ roll represented a musical and cultural revolution. The backlash against the music and the youth culture from which it emanated, described here as "rockaphobia," was reflected in a process of adulteration, racism, and co-optation by television programmers, spearheaded by American Bandstand. This interplay between rock ‘n’ roll and television played a significant role in alienating baby boomers from the mainstream, motivating them to create their own counter-cultural identity. This social migration helped to delineate the boundaries that would be identified in the 1960s as the generation gap.
Transmission and Transgression uses an interdisciplinary approach informed by Media Ecology, the theoretical framework which recognizes that each communication technology, or medium, creates its own unique environment independent of content. This analysis allows the author to identify inherent technological and sensory incompatibilities between the medium of television and the cultural practice of rock ‘n’ roll, and to place these tensions within the broader shift of physiological emphasis from the traditional, tribal world dominated by the ear to the modern world which privileges the eye.
Even in its remediated, diluted form, rock music has occupied a significant niche on television, and this book is the most comprehensive summary, celebration, and analysis of that history.
Analysis and Evaluation
W. James Potter
In Major Theories of Media Effects, six major theories of media effects are thoroughly analyzed and then evaluated to construct a picture of the current state of knowledge in the scholarly field of media effects. These six theories are cultivation, agenda setting, framing, uses and gratifications, social learning, and third person effect. Each of these six theories is examined in detail using fourteen analytical dimensions organized into four categories: how the theory was originally conceptualized, its original components, patterns of empirical testing of its claims, and how the theory has developed over time. The theories are then compared and contrasted along five evaluation dimensions (scope, precision, heuristic value, empirical validity, and openness), plus one summary evaluative dimension that compares their overall utility to generating knowledge about media effects. The insights generated through these analyses and evaluations are used to address questions such as: "What is a theory?"; "Who qualifies as a theoretician?"; and, "Within the scholarly field of media effects, why are there so many theories yet so little theory usage as foundations for empirical studies?"
Concise and accessible analyses of major media effects theories—alongside helpful reference lists that handily index important literature in the field—make Major Theories of Media Effects both a vital reference for scholars and a valuable textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in media studies.
Edited by Greg G. Armfield, John McGuire and Adam Earnheardt
ESPN and the Changing Sports Media Landscape considers the ways the network is reinventing itself as it enters its fifth decade. In their previous book, The ESPN Effect (2015), the editors made the observation that ESPN was a pervasive branded-content provider across multiple media platforms, delivering programs and information 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, to influence how sports fans think and feel about the people who play and control these games. ESPN and the Changing Sports Media Landscape asks whether that will hold true in the 2020s and beyond. The past decade has seen momentous changes in the sports media landscape, among them the massive proliferation of mobile platforms as a major source of sports content, astronomical growth in fantasy sport and esport industries, and the increasing entanglement of sports media in contentious sociopolitical debates. The contributors to this book analyze how ESPN has navigated the shifting playing field and speculate on what the next decade might bring for ESPN and the global sports media industry.
Miroslava Dobrotková, Artur Bekmatov, Andrea Chlebcová Hečková and Ján Kuciak
The book deals with the most challenging issues which the Slovak Mass Media are currently facing, including matters of public criticism. The first chapter describes the media influence on power control in Slovakia. It does not avoid the controversial question of corruption in the Slovak media field. The following chapter examines the stereotypes about the social minorities that are still widely spread by the media (especially the Internet and the social media). In this context, the chapter related to the public media explains why the existence of the media of public service is so important and why it is necessary to finance such media by public sources and not by the state. In the final chapter, the author aims to identify the reasons why alternative sources of information usually fail to inform truthfully, impartially and objectively.
Emotionen, Werte und Einstellungen zur Integration: Eine Mixed Methods-Untersuchung zur Repräsentation und Wahrnehmung des visuellen Arbeitsmarktdiskurses in österreichischen Medien
Die Themen ‚Flucht und Asyl‘ dominieren seit dem langen Sommer der Migration 2015 die Nachrichtenagenda. Neben den stereotypisierten entmenschlichenden Massendarstellungen der frühen visuellen Berichterstattungen ist von besonderem Interesse, inwiefern Geflüchtete im Zuge der Arbeitsmarktintegration 2015 bis 2018 dargestellt werden. Anhand eines Mixed Methods Designs, einer visuellen Diskursanalyse und einem Online-Experiment, sollen idealtypische Repräsentationen extrahiert und die emotionalen Wirkungen auf die Mediennutzer*innen untersucht werden. Es wird deutlich, dass vor allem anzugtragende, weiße und männliche Politiker den Diskurs dominieren. Soziodemografische Aspekte haben keinen signifikanten Einfluss auf die Wahrnehmung von Integrationsmaßnahmen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt, wohingegen der Kontakt mit Flüchtlingen eine negative Wirkung hat.
A Communication Perspective
Gregory A. Cranmer
Each year, millions of youth athletes participate in organized sport under the guidance of a coach, who is entrusted with overseeing their development and performance, as well as providing a safe environment. A communicative approach to coaching recognizes that the skills, lessons, values, and experiences that athletes gain are determined by how coaches interact with athletes and structure their sporting environments. Athletic Coaching: A Communication Perspective provides a foundation for a communicative perspective of coaching in an effort to better understand and promote coach effectiveness. As part of this effort, this book conceptualizes coaching as a communicative endeavor, provides a framework from which to understand coaching effectiveness, and explicates four common perspectives (i.e., instructional, organizational, group, and interpersonal) utilized by communication scholars to examine coaching. Moreover, this book forwards a scholarly agenda for building a holistic framework of coaching and increasing the applied value of coach communication scholarship via methodological and theoretical considerations. Athletic Coaching is of benefit to many audiences, including communication students and scholars who are developing their understanding of coaching literature, interdisciplinary scholars who seek a representation of a communicative perspective of coaching, and coaches who may use this text as a self-reflective tool for pedagogical refinement.
Les nouvelles formes d’attachement aux images
Edited by Mélanie Boissonneau and Laurent Jullier
Enfin ! Depuis l’avènement d’Internet, les 99,9% d’amoureux des films et des séries qui n’exercent pas la profession de critique peuvent se faire entendre... Mieux, ils peuvent passer sans effort de la position devant à la position depuis : s’asseoir devant un écran et s’exprimer depuis un écran sont en effet devenus deux attitudes communes. Les films et les séries arrivent sur les terminaux domestiques ; tout de suite après et quelquefois même pendant leur diffusion, les avis et les analyses partent en sens inverse. Une autre nouveauté consiste en la diversification de la parole critique, confinée jusqu’ici à l’écrit ou aux conversations éphémères. Internet et la démocratisation des machines qui accompagne son essor ajoutent aux mots toutes sortes d’images, de sons et de manipulations audiovisuelles, laissant là encore loin derrière le modèle séculaire du critique professionnel écrivant son papier.
Comment étudier ces bouleversements ? Comment réagir devant l’abondance des critiques postées, la variété de leurs formes d’expression, l’interactivité qu’elles engendrent, sans parler du rapport à la professionnalisation qu’entretiennent leurs auteurs, surtout quand ils atteignent le statut de « vlogueur » vedette ? Une seule manière possible : l’interdisciplinarité. Le présent ouvrage réunit donc les contributions de spécialistes en provenance de champs divers (sociologie, Gender et Cultural Studies, Sciences de l’information-communication, etc.), sans oublier les acteurs les plus en vue de cette révolution de la parole critique, les « vlogueurs ».
Veronika Cillingová, Eva Bútorová, Dáša Nováčiková and Jitka Rožňová
The book deals with the problems of media communication and its formation in the Slovak Republic in and after 1993. It focuses on the social function of the media in the sense of journalistic communication. The authors also address the problems of gender stereotypes presented through social networks and advertising in all kinds of media in Slovakia and abroad. This book also explores the question of forming a theoretical basis for the creation of mass media communication (print media, film, photography, literature, works in marketing communication, books). This book does not elaborate on all problems of the mass media in the Slovak Republic, but it attempts to examine the key issues.
Le rappresentazioni del miracolo economico nella cultura italiana degli anni Cinquanta e Sessanta
Edited by Inge Lanslots, Lorella Martinelli, Fulvio Orsitto and Ugo Perolino
Cinquant’anni sono un segmento di tempo ragionevolmente collaudato per guardare indietro, nel tempo, senza il pericolo della nostalgia e senza il rischio di enfasi. Cinquant’anni ci separano dagli avvenimenti che gli autori di questo libro prendono in esame: il Sessantanove e poi, a ritroso, i fatti dell’anno precedente e quelli ancora prima, quando l’Italia si trova immersa dentro le trasformazioni della modernità. Nostalgia ed enfasi sono atteggiamenti nocivi allo sguardo dello studioso: la prima indulge verso un compiacimento emotivo che può finire nella retorica del come eravamo..., la seconda corre il pericolo di amplificare i dati, ingigantire gli esiti, falsificare la percezione. Entrambi i rischi si corrono quando si analizza un periodo felice e lo si mette soprattutto a confronto con un presente di minore spessore. Ma è un rischio da cui non sono stati toccati gli autori dei saggi radunati in questo volume. In nessuna pagina si avverte il sospetto del compiacimento e nemmeno l’ombra di una malinconica retrospettiva. Semmai è forte il tentativo di ricostruire un’epoca che ha i contorni del mito: ricostruirla settore per settore, dalla letteratura al cinema, dalla pubblicità alla comunicazione aziendale, dalla musica alla televisione, confermando una scelta di metodo che privilegia la dimensione politecnica del libro, il suo essere punto di convergenza di indagini sviluppate su forme e linguaggi diversi.