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Bożena Kochman-Haładyj

The main purpose of the publication is to present a linguo-cultural picture of traditional values (such as the value of life, freedom, dignity, family, religion, community, truth, good, beauty, and God) reflected in Anglo-American and Polish paremiology. The author analyzes the proverbs with the use of semantic approach and divides them into several thematic categories and subcategories related to the sphere of values. The paremiological analysis carried out from a contrastive perspective provides additional evidence to support the claim that, despite some widespread axiological views common to languages, there exist distinct differences characteristic only of a given linguo-culture, naturally caused by different, among others, geographical, historical, social, and cultural environments.

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Urszula Paradowska

This book addresses the question whether translation students can successfully increase their information competence as a result of a purposeful intervention. As translation technologies have become a staple in the translation industry, the ability to interact with the Web to solve translation problems is now a basic market requirement. Although there is a growing body of empirical research into web search behaviors of translators and the use of web-based resources in translation, none of the studies aimed at incorporating information competence strategy training into a translation course. The study described in this volume aims to fill this gap. The book will be of interest to translator educators as well as to professional translators who want to improve their web search expertise.

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Moustapha Fall

This book examines literacy education in Senegal. It assesses some of the impacts of French policies on the overall Senegalese system of education, including some of the language policies championed by a cohort of Senegalese authorities from 1960 until 2012. It begins with a definition of the concept of literacy education in general to briefly set the scene of the early resistance this encountered in West Africa particularly in Senegal. It discusses the major language policies undertaken by presidents Leopold Sedar Senghor, Abdou Diouf, and Abdoulaye Wade. Finally, the book assesses the major impacts of France's literacy policies on the current system of education in Senegal and proposes solutions on how to help Senegal and the rest of the West African countries put in place a rigorous literacy education that benefits their population.

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Edited by Nicholas Brownlees

This volume examines the determining role of context in the production and reception of news texts from the seventeenth century until the first half of the twentieth century. The context is understood as historical, social, political, professional, textual and material, with chapters focusing on how such a context or contexts influenced the language and reception of the news texts in question. The contributors to the volume are experts in their field of research and have employed a variety of methodological approaches in their analyses of the interrelationship between context and historical news discourse. These include historical pragmatics, historical discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis, appraisal theory, frame theory, and corpus linguistics.
The volume is divided into three sections: British News Contexts, International News Contexts,  and Advertising Contexts. The first two sections offer a wide-ranging examination of how context has determined the writing and understanding of news in both the British and international domain. The third section in the volume on advertising contexts and discourse is not just justified by the fundamental importance of advertising in the development and history of the press but also by the social and political relevance of the topics examined in the advertisements. These include studies on mental health and asylum advertisements, runaway slaves classified advertisements, and embedded nationalistic content and ideology in Irish newspaper advertisements of the 1930s.
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Edited by Sheila Vieira de Camargo Grillo, Sandrine Reboul-Touré and Maria Glushkova

Comment constituer et comparer des corpus lorsqu’ils sont issus de langues différentes ? Cette question émerge en amont de tous les travaux en analyse du discours qui font se rencontrer, comme dans cet ouvrage, le français avec l’allemand, l’anglais, le japonais, le portugais ou encore le portugais avec le russe. De telles recherches ont donné naissance à l’analyse du discours contrastive. Les contributions posent et/ou explorent ce cadre théorique récent en retravaillant des catégories issues de l’analyse du discours française, pour certain.e.s auteur.e.s, et dans la lignée de Bakhtine, pour d’autres. Ainsi, les analyses ciblant la comparaison des discours entre plusieurs langues invitent à sélectionner un invariant, par exemple, un genre de discours. Elles consacrent aussi une place importante à la culture, inscrite dans l’anthropologie culturelle, suite aux travaux de Humboldt, permettant de présenter aujourd’hui la notion de culture discursive. Cet ouvrage invite enfin à s’interroger sur la comparaison à la fois d’un point de vue théorique et méthodologique, notamment dans le domaine des sciences du langage.

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Edited by Francisco Lorenzo, Virginia de Alba Quiñones and Olga Cruz Moya

No existe en la actualidad una descripción constante de la evolución de la lengua académica: -sus ritmos, etapas y límites; una descripción estructural y funcional del español en el ámbito educativo. Este es el propósito de este libro: una exploración del territorio, un mapa de los contornos lingüísticos a partir del análisis de las producciones escritas de estudiantes que aprenden en distintos modelos de enseñanza multilingüe. Para ello, considera en sus distintos capítulos, distintos escenarios en los que el bilingüismo puede desarrollarse: - modelos de inmersión clásicos (sheltered-instruction), aprendizaje integrado de lengua y contenidos (AICLE) o programas duales (two-way bilingual programs). También, programas transicionales para minorías lingüísticas o para hablantes de herencia hispánicos. Por último, programas de consolidación de segundas lenguas: programas de estudiantes internacionales como los study-abroad o los programas de movilidad europeos. Todos ellos tienen algo en común aunque en ocasiones la investigación los presente separados: necesitan de una lengua académica sólida para ser eficaces.

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Sylwia Firyn

Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg kamen sehr viele lexikalische Entlehnungen in der polnischen Alltagssprache unter, was vor allem die Folge der Bekämpfung der Mundarten und der Germanismen war. In der vorliegenden Monographie wird das Schicksal der Germanismen in der Alltagssprache von Kościerzyna, Starogard Gdański und Wąbrzeźno beschrieben.

Die Beschreibung erfolgt aufgrund der Befragung von der Generation der Großeltern, der Eltern und Kinder. Es konnten bemerkbare Unterschiede zwischen den einzelnen Generationen hinsichtlich der Kenntnis der Germanismen festgestellt werden. Während die älteste Generation noch ziemlich viele Germanismen kennt, sind der jüngsten Generation die meisten lexikalischen Entlehnungen aus dem Deutschen fremd.

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Margit Eberharter-Aksu, Hanna Biaduń-Grabarek and Reinhold Utri

Hier liegt eine innovative Arbeit über das österreichische bzw. Österreichische Deutsch an polnischen Hochschulen vor. Die AutorInnen beleuchten durch Umfragen, Ergebnisse ihrer Unterrichtspraxis sowie Vorschläge für weitere Entwicklungen, wie polnischen Studierenden der Varietätenreichtum des Deutschen in einem sinnvollen Ausmaß nahegebracht werden kann. Der Fokus liegt hierbei auf dem österreichischen Deutsch. Praktische Übungen für den Unterricht sowie Überlegungen für den Bereich Translatorik vervollständigen das Buch.

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Changes in Argument Structure

The Transitivizing Reaction Object Construction

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Tamara Bouso-Rivas

This book deals with the characterization and history of the reaction object construction (ROC), as in Pauline smiled her thanks. The ROC consists of an intransitive verb followed by a nonprototypical object that expresses a reaction such that the whole syntactic unit acquires the extended meaning "express X by V-ing" (e.g. "Pauline expressed her thanks by smiling"). The hypothesis is put forward that ROCs follow a similar pathway as other valency-increasing constructions such as the cognate object construction and the way-construction, occurring first with more transitive-like verbs and then expanding to intransitives. Historical corpus evidence from several complementary data sources confirms this idea and reveals striking parallelisms with the way-construction.

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Alex JR Quintanilla

Este libro ofrece una introducción a la diversidad lingüística del mundo hispano. Viajamos de manera virtual desde España a América para conocer los principales rasgos lingüísticos de cada región y país. En cada capítulo, el lector puede aprender sobre la pronunciación, la gramática, algunas palabras típicas y todo lo que hace, lingüísticamente hablando, diferente a cada país hispano. Generalmente, el español se ve como una sola entidad, destacándose mayormente el español de España, y olvidándose de la enorme riqueza lingüística que ofrece cada país y región hispana. Asimismo, en este libro introducimos algunos términos básicos del estudio de la variación lingüística, la dialectología y la sociolingüística.

Además de la parte teórica, este libro incluye una variedad de ejercicios prácticos e información sobre recursos adicionales disponibles en la red. Está escrito en un español apropiado para hablantes de español intermedio alto, avanzado o superior (idealmente de tercer año de carrera en EE. UU.) y para aquellos con o sin conocimientos previos de lingüística.Este libro es el perfecto compañero de viaje a España o cualquier país de Hispanoamérica.