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Dreaming Kurdistan

The Life and Death of Kurdish Leader Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou

Carol Prunhuber

A thorough work of contemporary history and a distillation of the complex web of the Iranian Kurdish political world, this biography of Kurdish leader Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou depicts the character and passionate action of one of the twentieth century’s most exceptional and democratic leaders of a national movement.

Carol Prunhuber, who knew Ghassemlou from the early 1980s, shows us the many facets of a humanist leader of magnitude and worldwide scope. From revolution that toppled the Shah to the dark and treacherous alleys of the Cold War, Dreaming Kurdistan revives the Kurdish leader’s fated path to assassination in Vienna. We know how, why, and who murdered Ghassemlou—and we stand witness to Austria’s raison d’état, the business interests that put a lid on the investigation, and the response of silent indifference from the international community.

Professor of economics in Prague, bon vivant in Paris, clandestine freedom fighter in the Kurdish mountains, stalked by the Shah’s secret police, Ghassemlou is ultimately assassinated by the hit men of Ayatollah Khomeini’s Islamic Republic. Prunhuber takes us, through a murky world of equivocal liaisons, complicities, treachery, and undisguised threats, from Tehran to Vienna.

While the Islamic Republic of Iran continues to perturb and defy the West, Dreaming Kurdistan is essential for an understanding of Iran and the Kurds’ longing for freedom and democracy.

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Edited by Gudrun Heidemann, Joanna Jabłkowska and Elżbieta Tomasi-Kapral

Angesichts enormer digitaler Vernetzungen, die den Informationsfluss im Radius (a)sozialer Netzwerke wie in seiner Aktualität beträchtlich erhöhen, und gesellschaftlich einschneidender Krisen erweist sich heutzutage gerade die engagierte Literatur verstärkt als verspätet. So fällt der einschlägigen Forschung zufolge auch das Wendejahr der Gegenwartsliteratur ins Jahr 1995.

Die Beiträge des Bandes beleuchten das Potential literarischen Engagements sowohl unter den neuen Konditionen digitaler Streuung samt ihrer Echoeffekte als auch hinsichtlich medialer wie literarischer Felder, deren Ausgestaltung bis in die deutsche Geschichte – insbesondere der Shoah – zurückreicht. In beiderlei Hinsicht werden narrative Strategien aufgedeckt, die eine Artikulationsvielfalt des Politischen veranschaulichen.

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Lionel P. Fatton and Oreste Foppiani

Japan has been moving toward a more independent security policy since the early 2010s, duplicating the military assets of the United States and reorganizing the Self-Defense Forces. In Japan’s Awakening, Lionel P. Fatton and Oreste Foppiani argue that the country faces an entrapment-abandonment dilemma in which any attempt to prevent abandonment by the United States vis-à-vis China negatively affects its national security by heightening the risk of entrapment in the Korean Peninsula, and vice versa. A move toward autonomy is the only way for Japan to solve this dilemma. The subject is at variance with both the insistence on the constraining effect of domestic norms on Japan’s security policy and the assumption of everlasting reliance on the United States for protection.

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Jan-Philipp Heinzmann

Restrukturierungsvereinbarungen, die bei außergerichtlichen Restrukturierungen zwischen einer deutschen Aktiengesellschaft und angloamerikanisch geprägten Distressed Hedge Funds abgeschlossen werden, legen regelmäßig deren Einstieg über einen Debt to Equity Swap in die Gesellschaft schuldrechtlich fest. Dies kann einen Konflikt mit der aktienrechtlichen Organisationsverfassung hervorrufen, weil sich die verschiedenen Organe der AG gegenseitig Verhaltenspflichten auferlegen. Vor diesem Hintergrund beleuchtet die Dissertation zum einen die aktienrechtliche Zulässigkeit von Restrukturierungsvereinbarungen, zum anderen beschäftigt sie sich mit Zustimmungspflichten der verschiedenen Stakeholder zu einem in einer Restrukturierungsvereinbarung ganzheitlich festgelegten Restrukturierungskonzept.

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Edited by Leila Simona Talani and Matilde Rosina

In recent elections across the European Union, parties adopting an anti-immigration stance and making use of populist rhetoric have been gaining electoral breakthrough. Against this backdrop, and in order to contribute to a deeper understanding of the connections binding migration and populism dynamics in Europe, this volume aims to trigger a discussion on the causes and consequences of the rise of populism in Europe, and deconstruct the rhetorical frames it uses to depict migratory flows as an exceptional phenomenon.

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Tillmann Böß

Den Diskurs über die Frage des «richtigen» Tatbegriffs wie auch denjenigen über die Frage des «richtigen» Täterbegriffs wird man als «Dauerbrenner» der deutschen Strafrechtswissenschaft bezeichnen können. Der Autor beleuchtet die Wechselbezüglichkeit dieser beiden Themenkreise und analysiert, welches Tatbestandsverständnis den gängigen Tätertheorien zugrunde liegt. Aus der Erkenntnis, dass es den gängigen Täterkonzepten an hinreichender Tatbestandsbezogenheit fehlt, folgt die Forderung nach einem streng tatbestandsbezogenen Täterkonzept. Die Grundzüge eines solchen entwickelt der Autor sodann unter Betrachtung der dogmatischen Folgen des Postulats.

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The Great Disruption

Understanding the Populist Forces Behind Trump, Brexit, and LePen

Anil Hira

The Great Disruption: Understanding the Populist Forces Behind Trump, Brexit, and LePen aims to put the shocking events of 2016–17 into a long-term, historical perspective. The seemingly disparate and separately discussed election of Donald Trump, Brexit vote, success of Marine LePen’s National Front Party, and the wider spread of populism have an overlooked commonality: They all start with a similar core constituency of disaffected older blue collar workers. Using a data-driven analysis, author Anil Hira shows that racism and xenophobia are linked to economic populism—xenophobia becoming widespread under conditions of economic stress. Hira shows further that since economic stress is felt very deeply, conventional solutions are inadequate. There is a perception among the affected group that politicians can not offer "normal" solutions and thus turn to populism. The Great Disruption traces long-term and largely un-linked shifts in the economy from globalization to automation to uncover the deeper sources of populist outbreaks. This book demonstrates that racial and immigrant attitudes have not changed, rather any backlash is a scapegoating effect of economic loss and dislocation. Populism not only misdiagnoses the situation but also misses the wider long-term threats of climate change, demographic shifts, and the rise of China. Recognizing the transformational nature of such threats depends on the maturation of the Millennial generation and its willingness to evolve towards a more global style of governance, in the process rejecting the shallow promises of populism.

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Écrire l’espace des Amériques

représentations littéraires et voix de femmes amérindiennes

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Rita Olivieri-Godet

Les études réunies dans ce livre mettent en évidence la contribution de la littérature à un nouvel imaginaire sur l’espace des Amériques, se traduisant par la prise en considération des cultures des peuples autochtones et la remise en question de la perspective coloniale qui perdure jusqu’à nos jours. Le choix des récits et recueils de poèmes du Brésil et du Québec (XXe et XXIe siècles) permet à Rita Olivieri-Godet de souligner les aspects géopolitiques et culturels d’un processus de transformation des territorialités autochtones à travers des textes qui témoignent des structures profondes reliant les Amérindiens à leur territoire et dévoilent la mémoire enfouie du vécu des communautés. L’étude des voix d’écrivaines amérindiennes interroge les éléments formels et thématiques d’une poétique autochtone qui participe à l’élargissement et à la reconfiguration des dimensions matérielle et symbolique des espaces des Amériques, dans le contexte pluriculturel de nos sociétés contemporaines. C’est par l’amérindianité des œuvres littéraires allochtones et autochtones –qui réclament la reconnaissance des cultures amérindiennes– que l’ouvrage rejoint la perspective de l’américanité.

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Jatinder Mann

Adopting a political and legal perspective, Redefining Citizenship in Australia, Canada, and Aotearoa New Zealand undertakes a transnational study that examines the demise of Britishness as a defining feature of the conceptualisation of citizenship in Australia, Canada, and Aotearoa New Zealand and the impact that this historic shift has had on Indigenous and other ethnic groups in these states. During the 1950s and 1970s an ethnically based citizenship was transformed into a civic-based one (one based on rights and responsibilities). The major context in which this took place was the demise of British race patriotism in Australia, English-speaking Canada, and Aotearoa New Zealand. Although the timing of this shift varied, Aboriginal groups and non-British ethnic groups were now incorporated, or appeared to be incorporated, into ideas of citizenship in all three nations. The development of citizenship in this period has traditionally been associated with immigration in Australia, Canada, and Aotearoa New Zealand. However, the historical origins of citizenship practices in all three countries have yet to be fully analysed. This is what Redefining Citizenship in Australia, Canada, and Aotearoa New Zealand does. The overarching question addressed by the book is: Why and how did the end of the British World lead to the redefinition of citizenship in Australia, Canada, and Aotearoa New Zealand between the 1950s and 1970s in regard to other ethnic and Indigenous groups? This book will be useful for history and politics courses, as well as specialised courses on citizenship and Indigenous studies.

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Skills

A Practical Guide in Conversation, Vocabulary and Writing

Mara Cogni

Many students today have to grapple with questions such as What am I very good at? and What are my strengths and how can I use them for a better life? These are central questions for us as learners, employees, family members, friends and thriving individuals in general. An inquiry into our skills helps us discover our potentialities and the talents we need in order to create a fulfilling life. As a result, it assists us in successfully finding the right role for ourselves in society. Skills: A Practical Guide in Conversation, Vocabulary and Writing is intended to take learners on a reflective skill-investigative journey, in which speaking and writing about skills is both self-exploratory and fun.

This book offers a more reflective approach to thinking and talking about skills. Learners will become well-equipped with knowledge and understanding of a set of skills they can ascribe to themselves and others. This will, consequently, prepare them for a world of work that is very specific in its skillset requirements. The book aims at helping students think critically about skills both orally and in writing. It also includes activities intended to expand vocabulary, which underlies successful communication.