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A Grammar of Kusaal

A Mabia (Gur) Language of Northern Ghana

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Agoswin Musah

Kusaal is a Mabia (traditional Gur) language spoken in north-eastern Ghana. Until recently, there was a paucity of linguistic research on the language, thus, the need for a concise and lucid grammar. The study adopts a holistic linguistic approach to language documentation and description drawing on a corpus of synchronic data collected on fieldtrips. The analysis of the data is guided by a confluence of structural and functional grammar approaches following Payne (1997) and Dixon’s (2010) Basic Linguistic Theory. The phonology, nouns and noun class systems, nominal modifiers and relator nouns, verbs, phrases, aspect and modality, clause structure, verb serialisation and pragmatically marked structures are considered together with a speech form similar to «signifying/playing the dozens».

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Verum ipsum factum

Dalla curva trisettrice alla curva asimmetrica. Origini e crescita dell’immaginazione scientifica (V sec. a. C. - XIX sec. d. C.)

Mino B. C. Garzia

Questi lineamenti per una storia dell’immaginazione scientifica mettono in evidenza: la crescita – nei tempi moderni – dai diplomatici veneziani alla computisteria in Firenze; crescita prima di tutto descrittiva, classificatoria e quantitativa; l’ethos che anima la conoscenza è quello della civiltà italica e poi cristiana della Chiesa di Roma e italiana; ethos che è sintesi del precedente pensiero e pratica, prima italico-greca e poi romana; tale ethos si è incarnato per primo nel monachesimo italiano; in Italia si sviluppa per primo un atteggiamento conoscitivo che, dalla considerazione della persona nella comunità come totalità e della persona in interazione con gli altri singoli, procede poi alla raccolta quantitativa e significativa dei dati che “coll’induzione e la deduzione giunge a teoremi che verifica coll’esperienza”.

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The Culture of (Im)Pudicity

A Romanian Case Study

Petrea Lindenbauer, Michael Metzeltin and Florin Oprescu

Shame and pudicity are key concepts in our daily human interaction. Veiling and unveiling, showing or hiding are not only constitutive social conventions or public «laws» in our societies, but also a way of expressing our emotional structure in accordance to the nature of our inner Self and our relations within a group.

This book is concerned with the theoretical and practical approaches of the concepts of «shame» and «(im)pudicity». It responds to the eternal provoking question of how a ground concept could transgress its field of analysis and immerge within literature, linguistics, translation studies, philosophy and journalism. Featuring essays from specialists in these fields, this book is surprisingly defining for the formation of the Romanian modern culture, both past and future, demonstrating its European cultural vocation.

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Thomas Busset

Cet ouvrage regroupe une dizaine de contributions qui, pour la plupart, ont été présentées lors d’un colloque qui s’est tenu en février 2017 à l’Université de Neuchâtel. Dans un contexte dans lequel l’emprise économique et sportive des grands championnats nationaux européens ne cesse de s’étendre, les «petits» pays, dont les équipes ont de plus en plus de peine à s’illustrer sur la scène continentale, semblent relégués au rang de faire-valoir. Le monde scientifique reproduit ce déséquilibre en focalisant ses recherches sur les acteurs dominants. Consacrer un colloque et un ouvrage aux footballs belge et suisse traduit la volonté de rompre avec ces approches. Du reste, les deux pays ont joué un rôle éminent dans l’histoire du football européen, et ce, tant au niveau sportif qu’institutionnel. Bien que marginalisés, les championnats belge et suisse attirent chaque week-end des dizaines de milliers de spectateurs dans les stades. A ce titre, ils sont confrontés à de nombreux enjeux quant à leur organisation, au mode de gestion des supporters ou à la lutte contre le racisme et la discrimination, autant d’éléments qui peuvent amener un regard nouveau à la recherche consacrée au football.
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Adam Dziadek

This book illustrates the problems connected with the body and the sign: the real body and the body of the text, somaticism and semiology (both as a general sign theory and in the medical sense as «symptomatology»). The author seeks to derive a more general principle from these two words, referring to the representation of experience in different literary texts. If we are talking about the representation of experience, we cannot, by any means, ignore the body that becomes the essential point of reference for human experience. This general principle aims at creating a matter of concept, a somatic criticism project, which is closely related to the issue of rhythm in literary texts - a rhythm understood as an intermediary between the body and the sense of the text.

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L’Émigration

Du fait social à la coutume

Frosa Pejoska-Bouchereau

L’émigration dite économique intéresse en particulier les économistes, les historiens, et les sociologues. Cependant, la permanence du phénomène dans des conditions économiques prospères désoriente ces chercheurs. De façon inédite, l’auteure pratique un décentrement disciplinaire à partir de la tradition orale (chants, contes, proverbes, croyances et rites) sur l’exemple de l’émigration macédonienne – la pechalba – sous l’Empire ottoman afin de repenser des concepts essentiels : émigration, coutume, identité et résistance.

L’ouvrage décrit et analyse les conditions dans lesquelles se produit la transformation de l’émigration, fait social imposé par une situation de domination, en une coutume ritualisée, intégrée dans le système coutumier de la communauté, et réfléchit sur le sens nouveau de ce phénomène.

Malgré l’absence des hommes partis en émigration et devenus des « étrangers », les paysans macédoniens sous domination ont réussi à préserver leur identité communautaire et un espace de liberté. Au moyen d’un mouvement d’aller et retour ritualisé, ils ont sauvegardé leur mode d’être social patriarcal et leurs règles coutumières. En l’occurrence, les types de domination et leur évolution importent moins que les formes cachées de résistance.

L’étude repose sur la pechalba sans être circonscrite à l’aire géographique de la Macédoine, ni à l’espace balkanique : Albanie, Bulgarie, Grèce. Elle s’étend à l’Afrique, la France, la Pologne, le Portugal et la Turquie, visant à démontrer la portée transnationale et transhistorique de ce phénomène migratoire. Une approche novatrice qui permet d’appréhender autrement les migrations.

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Wissenschaftliche Kontakte von Slawisten slawischer und nichtslawischer Länder

Tagung der Internationalen Kommission für Geschichte der Slawistik in Marburg/Bayreuth 1990

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Edited by Helmut Schaller

Der vorliegende Sammelband vereint Vorträge zur Geschichte der Slawischen Philologie in verschiedenen ost- und südosteuropäischen, sowie westeuropäischen Ländern einschließlich Deutschland. Diese wurden bei der Tagung der Internationalen Kommission für Geschichte der Slawistik in Marburg und Bayreuth 1990 gehalten.

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Edward Scarr

This book tells the untold story of Australia’s veteran bikers. Like other motorcycle clubs, the Australian War Fighters (pseudonym) are a fringe-dwelling subculture that provokes strong opinions. Newspaper editors have been salivating over motorcycle club imagery since the subculture emerged in California in the middle of the twentieth century. Motorcycle clubs remain the subject of persisting ‘moral panics’ in Australia and have been the subject of successive crackdowns, police operations, and hard-hitting legislation aimed at driving them out of existence. The War Fighters operate on the periphery of the hard-core one percent element of the subculture. While they enjoy the notoriety of looking mean, the War Fighters do significant charity work, and the seemingly bizarre combination of outlaw biker subculture aesthetic with raising money for local hospitals means these men enjoy the paradox of looking bad while doing good. Drawing on sociological research Edward Scarr tells the true story of how and why the veteran motorcycle club subculture came to be. What follows is an ultimately hopeful story of redemption from despair and the salvation of lives that had been all but given up on.

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Erna Cooper

Although separated by language and geography, Willa Cather and Marguerite Duras both explored the lives of women and children across the tumultuous twentieth century by drawing on their own experiences. This comparative critical study of Cather, a Pulitzer Prize-winning author, and Duras, winner of the Prix Goncourt and Cannes Film Festival award, reveals the blurring of fiction and autobiography in their works, focusing on their concerns for women, children and the socially marginalized. Relying on a corpus of novels, plays, films, letters and interviews, the study highlights questions about power and authority relevant to the study of feminism and women’s writing during and after the world wars.

Dominant themes include female adolescence and creative emergence, poverty, racism, immigrant and postcolonial life, psychosexual trauma, adult narcissism and child exploitation. The works explored also serve to examine the authors’ respective theories of art and changes in narration and genre that took place in twentieth-century women’s writing. This book highlights particular aesthetic elements and narrative strategies that are keys to missing knowledge about the writers’ childhoods, personal relationships and changing values, which when combined establish a poetics of loss.

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Espiritualismo at the U.S.-Mexican Border Region

A Case Study of Possession, Globalization, and the Maintenance of Tradition

Rodolfo A. Otero

Espiritualismo at the U.S.-Mexican Border Region: A Case Study of Possession, Globalization, and the Maintenance of Tradition is a sensitive, empathetic, and beautifully detailed account of the Mexican religious movement Espiritualismo Trinitario Mariano as practiced in the U.S.-Mexican border region, culminating 16 months of fieldwork. This study offers a salient portrait of a changing religion and society in Mexico and is critically relevant to the understanding of religious change in the developing world. Espiritualista symbolism at the U.S.-Mexican border, mainly manifested through spirit possession performances, is an effective system of knowledge and empowerment accessible to individuals from all levels in society. This symbolism reflects an awareness of attempts at discrediting tradition through the imposition of a "rational," modernist hegemonic perspective. According to espiritualistas at the border, the social arrangements engendered by capitalism and the strong presence of Protestantism in the area are the forces that present a direct attack on Mexican tradition. In an uneasy alliance with Catholicism, espiritualismo stands as a bastion of tradition, and at the same time, it establishes a path to modernity. This book is a major contribution to the anthropology of religion, Latin American anthropology, gender studies, medical anthropology, and studies of migration. It is an excellent supplemental reading for undergraduate and graduate courses on the anthropology of religion.