This book argues that revolutionary wars are generally the product not of ideological fervor but of a desire for territorial gain, encouraged either by a perception of the revolutionary state’s weakness or the chaos caused by shifting borders. However, these are short-term problems, manifesting in the first few years after the revolution, if at all. In the longer run, it is the decision of the revolutionaries over whether or not to adopt a revisionist ideology and the reaction of the international system to that ideology that determines if the revolutionary state will remain conflict-prone. The truth of this theory is demonstrated both by an analysis of the historical record and through case studies of the Iranian, French, Turkish, and Bolivian Revolutions, as well as an examination of the Arab Spring. Finally, the book considers the theoretical lessons to be gleaned from a study of revolutionary conflict and offers some thoughts regarding its future. This book is a valuable resource both for those interested in revolutions and for students of international conflict, and is the only comprehensive work on the subject to take into account recent developments in revolution such as the Arab Spring.
Why (Some) Revolutionary States Go to War
Eine historisch-soziolinguistische Analyse
Eine der wichtigsten Aufgaben zur Erforschung der deutschen Sprachgeschichte ist die Analyse der sprachlichen Heterogenität und ihrer Veränderung innerhalb eines Stadtgebiets. Dieses Buch untersucht unter historisch-soziolinguistischen Aspekten die Verteilung von Relativsatzeinleitungen in verschiedenen Textgruppen aus der Stadt Nürnberg sowie ihre Veränderung im Laufe des 16. Jahrhunderts. Zum Korpus zählen Kanzleibriefe, deren Sprache als damalige Prestigesprache gilt, private Schriftstücke weiblicher und männlicher Verfasser und Drucke, wie etwa religiöse Erbauungstexte. Der Vergleich der Daten jeder Textgruppe miteinander zeigt, dass die Druckereien im Nürnberg der zweiten Jahrhunderthälfte einen größeren Einfluss auf den Sprachgebrauch der Bürger haben als die Kanzlei.
Fins de carrière et parcours de vie d'une population fragilisée
L’allongement des carrières est à l’agenda politique depuis quelques années déjà. Le maintien des travailleurs âgés en emploi est devenu une priorité des instances européennes, relayée par différents gouvernements nationaux. Cependant, si d’un côté les seniors sont de plus en plus tenus de demeurer sur le marché du travail, de l’autre, ils en éprouvent de réelles difficultés.
C’est dans cette double perspective que l’intérim en fin de carrière se développe depuis une dizaine d’années. Comment appréhender cette nouvelle réalité ? Comment comprendre les parcours professionnels et sociaux de cette population fragilisée ? A partir d’une enquête menée en Belgique francophone auprès d’intérimaires de plus de 45 ans, les réponses apportées à ces interrogations montrent toute la complexité des situations individuelles, mais font également ressortir les transformations sociales et culturelles du monde contemporain. Cet ouvrage s’adresse aux chercheurs en sciences sociales et aux professionnels du secteur de l’intérim.
A Suffering People Under State Terrorism
Edited by Sabria Chowdhury Balland
Bangladesh: A Suffering People Under State Terrorism explores the destructive political situation in Bangladesh under the one-party and one-person rule of the despotic Sheikh Hasina. The contributors to this edited collection examine the catastrophic political environment of the country in view of the Hasina regime’s relentless oppression and repression since 2009, the authoritarian rule of her father in the early 1970s as well as the topic of Indian political, cultural and economic hegemony to which this dictatorial regime is increasingly surrendering Bangladesh's national interest, integrity and sovereignty. The contributors also attempt to expose the wholesale corruption and unprecedented vote-rigging that have rendered the regime completely illegal and illegitimate. They also highlight how the regime has been clinging to power by systemically unleashing terror and tyranny through its widespread networks of state machinery.
A Cultural Textbook
This book covers the integration of Syrian refugees in Germany, especially eastern Germany. In this novel genre of “teddytext” the author visibly reacts with scholarly evidence to explain how eastern and western perspectives converge and differ. The author guides refugee integration by showing Syrians how Germans think, and vice versa. First comes a panoramic overview of the West’s “Diversity Transition,” now changing ethnic to mixed societies. The rescue effort is both corporatized and voluntary process-action, a mass form of government-civil society cooperation modernizing and speeding up conventional integration processes. Main obstacles include the national east-west split, the east’s capital strike, and governmental efforts to manage Germany’s spoiled identity through politicized stigma management imposed via the remembrance policy. These together make easterners second class citizens. Former refugees are ethnic victim groups unable to take full part in Germany’s corporation-colonized lifeworld. This includes former Prussians and returned USSR German settlers whose political awakening seized on refugees in a struggle for power to oppose the remembrance policy. Brandenburgers oppose refugee integration through Know-Nothingism, deception, and ostracism, in part because refugee integration would threaten their “dirty togetherness” social organization. Nonetheless, refugees interviewed and examined in Berlin and Brandenburg are educated, motivated and, despite their traumatized condition, determined to stay and succeed. Their integration is happening more quickly and promises to be more completely successful than ever before. Improved skills recognition and refugee education are keys. Integration would be even better if Germany itself were integrated.
Re-visions of Masculinity in Spanish Cinema (1939-2019)
Edited by Juan Rey
Cinema, whether it is understood as entertainment, business, criticism, or art, is always a reflection of the society in which it is born. Men on the Screen is a review of masculinity in cinema made in Spain by Spanish directors from 1939 to the present. The objective of this volume is, then, to observe the different types of masculinities, whose classification gives rise to a chronology that goes from the man who embodies the dream dreamt by the dictator Franco to the modern man, who is lost in his labyrinth, while also examining the repressed men, those men who have strayed and who live in the city, the rascals and braggarts, those who fight every day just to survive, the petty criminals, those men who divest themselves of the rancid national-Catholicism in order to be themselves, those who are caring, those who harass and kill their prey, the heroes, those who seduce women with their gab, corrupt politicians, those who sell their bodies, grandparents, violent and chauvinistic men, those who live in anguish for the passage of time, and even those immured by repressing and hypocritical morality. All of the masculine categories delineated above indicate that cinema is a reflection of the great changes experienced by Spanish society during these years. During this long period, Spain has gone from being a poor, isolated, dark, sad, politically and religiously depressed country to becoming a dynamic, modern country, one of the great countries of the West. And these transformations, these men, who are diverse, who are in conflict at times, and who are depressed, hopeful, hungry, consumerist, and dreamers—they are what cinema gathers. What follows next is a catalog of men who have wandered and roamed the Spanish screens.
A Translation of al-Tilmisānī’s Miftah al-Wusul
Edited by Mohammad S. Alrahawan
Girl and Woman in James Joyce’s “Dubliners”
This book aims to expose a panchronic outlook on motivation behind the word within the paradigm of cognitive linguistics. On the example of girl and woman used in "Dubliners", the author emphasises the impact of culture on human conceptualisation which, in turn, can be traced in language. The results of her analysis reveal that the linguistic sign is not an arbitrary pairing of form and meaning, but rather a language unit motivated by culture.
This book will be of interest to those who wish to look more closely at the relationship between language, culture and human mind. Readers interested in Joyce will also find a great dose of cultural and biographical facts related to his life as well as his vision of females as conceptualised in "Dubliners".
A Worldwide Tragedy
Marcílio de Freitas and Marilene Corrêa da Silva Freitas
The Future of Amazonia in Brazil: A Worldwide Tragedy is a study on the importance of protecting Amazonia, constructing its sustainable development and its articulations with worldwide socioeconomic processes. It analyzes the main contemporary polemics from the perspective of culture and the nature sciences. The authors present the importance of Amazonia and the sustainability to mankind and the planet’s future. They warn governments, politicians, teachers, students, environmentalists and societies in general that its ecological destruction is ongoing. This book shows that the predatory capitalism has no heuristic reach to build peace, and at the same time exploit the resources of nature preserving its biomes and the natural cycles. Political actions to make Amazonia into patrimony of mankind start to gain predictable contours. The authors present new ways for Amazonia and mankind.
Dismantling Neo-Colonial Hierarchy Through an Ethic of Lovingkindness
The book draws links between colonial and neo-colonial power structures which have sought to maintain hierarchies of dominance, resulting in cruel practices towards people at the bottom of the hierarchy and animals, who, in a colonial mindset, only exist for human gain. To counter these harm-based ideologies, and practices, veganism, as an ethical movement, is seeking to give voice to all those who support animals, and the rights of animals, while also seeking to give a voice to animals themselves. Additionally, veganism seeks to challenge the old-guard power structures and cruel practices perpetuated by colonial and neo-colonial systems associated with the dominant Ego power structure. Vegan ethics represent a shift from the dominant Ego model of human relations represented by a pyramid of power towards an Eco model of human relationships in which all Beings have equal worth and agency.