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Le Nationalisme en littérature

Des idées au style (1870-1920)


Edited by Stéphanie Bertrand and Sylvie Freyermuth

Les historiens furent parmi les premiers à le souligner : à la fin du XIXe siècle et au début du XXe siècle, l’influence du nationalisme – ou des nationalismes – ne repose pas seulement, voire pas prioritairement, sur la force de ses idées. Cette influence paraît s’appuyer sur « un sens de la formule, de la métaphore, de l’évocation » davantage que sur la « théorie » (Michel Winock à propos du nationalisme barrésien), ou, pour reprendre une dichotomie qui a durablement structuré le champ intellectuel depuis le milieu du XIXe siècle, dans la diffusion des doctrines nationalistes, l’efficacité du style l’aurait souvent emporté sur celle des idées – en littérature a fortiori.

Ce sont ces enjeux idéologiques du style littéraire, mais aussi ceux des imaginaires linguistiques et stylistiques afférents, que les contributions ici rassemblées se proposent d’expliciter, à partir d’un corpus littéraire narratif, essayistique, voire poétique, composé tout à la fois des œuvres des chantres du nationalisme (Maurice Barrès, Charles Maurras), de romans qui reflètent des idées et des valeurs proches du nationalisme (tels ceux écrits par Henry Bordeaux, René Bazin ou Ernest Psichari), d’essais ou de pamphlets de Paul Déroulède et Édouard Drumont, ou encore d’articles critiques et de poèmes d’orientation nationaliste.

Ce volume, qui rassemble les communications prononcées lors du colloque organisé les 28 et 29 juin 2018 à l’Université du Luxembourg, propose ainsi de réfléchir aux liens entre langue, style et idéologies nationalistes en littérature au tournant des XIXe-XXe siècles.

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Power-Knowledge in Tabari’s «Histoire» of Islam

Politicizing the past in Medieval Islamic Historiography


Amir Moghadam and Terence Lovat

Muhammad al-Tabari’s History, written about 300 years after the establishment of Islam, is one of the religion’s most important commentaries. It offers important insights into the early development of Islam, not so much for its history as for the ways it was interpreted and understood. Through application of modern historiographical analysis and scriptural exegesis, the book explores the space between factual history and interpretive history, or histoire. The focus is especially on the ways in which al-Tabari himself understood and interpreted Qur’anic evidence, employing it not so much for literal as for political purposes. In this sense, his work is best understood not as a reliable history in the modern sense but as a politically-inspired commentary. Granted that his work has often been relied on for Islam’s historical claims, this book offers important new insights into the ways in which power and politics were shaping interpretations in its first three hundred years.

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Edited by Marcin Grabowski and Tomasz Pugacewicz

This book discusses the applicability of Western International Relations (IR) theories to Asia and Africa and the rise of non-Western IR theories (especially in Asia), with case studies focused on the Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Sub-Saharan African regions. Theoretically grounded studies of Asia and Africa are still in high demand, as International Relations scholarship on and in those regions seems underdeveloped in this regard. This is the case both in the application of Western theories in research on Asia and Africa, but especially IR theory-building by scholars in both regions. The book is driven by the question, whether we need specific Asia and Africa-oriented IR theories to describe, explain and predict developments in regional international relations or can we apply or adapt the so-called Western IR theories.

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Bérénice 1934-44

An Actress in Occupied Paris

Isabelle Stibbe

The winner of nine literary awards in France, including the Prix Simone Veil, celebrating a woman of action, Bérénice 1934–44: An Actress in Occupied Paris is Isabelle Stibbe’s poignant debut novel. Now translated into English by Zack Rogow and Renée Morel, Bérénice 1934–44 reveals a young woman’s struggle to fulfill her career aspirations while concealing herself in war-torn France.

Bérénice yearns to become an actress, but her parents insist that career is not proper for a girl. She defies her Jewish family to become the leading younger actress in the Comédie-Française, France’s most renowned theater, right when the Nazis occupy France. Bérénice hides her true identity and last name to avoid detection. Living in a world without tolerance and torn between two lovers, Bérénice must choose between her passion for the stage, and her allegiance to freedom and to her Jewish heritage.

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Fear Management

Foreign Threats in the Post-War Polish Propaganda. The Influence and the Reception of the Communist Media (1944-1956)


Bruno Kamiński

The so-called ‘people's power’ – the communists – tended to make Poles afraid. At first – afraid of the Anglo-Saxon imperialists, then of the German revisionists, Zionist 5th column and ‘Kuroń and Michnik walking on the CIA’s leash’. The creation of the atmosphere of fear featuring Germans and their alleged ‘return’ lasted until 1970. In his Fear Management Bruno Kamiński reaches to the origins of this story. Based on a huge selection of sources this analytical study exhibits how in the first 15 postwar years Poles were threatened with the Western world. In the beginning, the Germans were chosen to play the role of the main enemy, dethroned later by the Americans. At the same time, the author proves that fear next to nationalism and ethnic hostility developed into one of the pillars legitimizing the communist system.

Marcin Zaremba, Polish Academy of Science, University of Warsaw

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Milieux de mémoire in Late Modernity

Local Communities, Religion and Historical Politics


Zuzanna Bogumił and Małgorzata Głowacka-Grajper

This book shows how vernacular communities commemorate their traumatic experiences of the Second World War. Despite having access to many diverse memory frameworks typical of late modernity, these communities primarily function within religious memory frameworks. The book also traces how they reacted when their local histories were incorporated into the remembrance practices of the state. The authors draw on case studies of four vernacular communities, notably Kałków-Godów, Michniów, Jedwabne and Markowa, to argue that it is still possible in the Polish countryside to discover milieux de mémoire. At the same time, they show that the state not only uses local histories to bolster its moral capital in the international arena, but also in matters of domestic policy.

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Edited by Jan Blüml, Yvetta Kajanová and Rüdiger Ritter

Through selected topics, the book presents an up-to-date and comprehensive view of the popular music of communist and post-communist Europe. The studies introduce new sources, discuss transformations of the institutional background of popular music of the given geopolitical sphere, its social, cultural-political, or artistic conditions. Thanks to the time span of nearly thirty years since the fall of the Iron Curtain, the authors have in many ways revised or supplemented traditional post-communist perceptions of the issues in question. This is being done with respect to the genres such as jazz, rock, pop, singer-songwriters, hip-hop, or White Power Music, as well as across the whole region from the former Yugoslavia through Central European states to the countries of the former Soviet Union.

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Kaiserliches Handeln im 3. Jahrhundert als situatives Gestalten

Studien zur Regierungspraxis und zu Funktionen der Herrschaftsrepräsentation des Gallienus


Sophie Röder

Die Frage nach dem Handeln römischer Kaiser (passiv-reagierend hier, aktiv-programmatisch dort) beschäftigt die althistorische Forschung seit geraumer Zeit. Das 3. Jahrhundert nimmt darin eine besondere Rolle ein, da es von Kontinuitäten und Wandel gleichermaßen geprägt ist. Die Regierungszeit des Gallienus (254–268) ist für eine solche Studie aufgrund ihrer Länge besonders geeignet. Durch eine detaillierte Quellenanalyse untersucht die Autorin Herrschaftsrepräsentation und die verschiedenen Bereiche der Regierungspraxis auf die Frage hin, inwieweit Gallienus auf Herausforderungen seiner Zeit reagiert, aber gleichzeitig seine Regierung gestaltet und dabei zu Kontinuität und Wandel beiträgt.

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Edited by Vladimir Vučković and Vladimir Đorđević

The main theme of this book revolves around the idea of Europeanization of the Western Balkans. In that respect, the volume discusses the fight against corruption and regional relations in former Yugoslav states, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. The objective of the book is to detect the level of effectiveness of the EU impact on domestic structural changes in the Western Balkans regarding aforementioned research issues. The contributors argue that the EU impact in the Western Balkans has so far been limited and point to limitations in this regard.

«The book Balkanizing Europeanisation offers timely, detailed, critical and excellently researched insight into the complicated mutual relations of the EU and the countries of the Balkan Peninsula. Based on excellent scholarship, meticulous original research and first-hand experience with the Balkan area, the authors provide a reader with rich and profound analysis of successes and failures of Europeanisation of the Balkan countries. The volume shall become an obligatory reading for many categories of scholars, experts, and people practicing diplomacy with and in the region.»

Vít Hloušek, Professor of European Politics, Masaryk University

«The limits to and problems connected with processes of Europeanization in the Western Balkans remain an important topic both for policy-makers and for scholarly inquiry. Vučković and Đorđević are to be congratulated for having assembled a first-rate teach of scholars to examine the most vital issues at hand.»

Sabrina P. Ramet, Professor of Political Science, The Norwegian University of Science & Technology

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Edited by Nikolaus Dimmel, Franz Gmainer-Pranzl and Sylvia Hahn

Seit 2007 trägt der ULG Migrationsmanagement an der Universität Salzburg dazu bei, Studierenden eine interdisziplinär vermittelte Kompetenz im Bereich Migration zu vermitteln. Dieser Sammelband dokumentiert die wissenschaftlichen Ansätze der entsprechenden migrations-, sozial-, kultur- und religionswissenschaftlichen Module des Curriculums sowie Beiträge von Studierenden, in denen die Themenstellung ihrer Masterarbeit konzentriert vorgestellt wird. Auf diese Weise gewährt das Buch Einblick in ein breites Spektrum von Herausforderungen, die von Fragen der Mindestsicherung, der Pflege und prekärer Beschäftigung bis zum Verständnis von Entwicklung und zum Islamunterricht in der Schule reichen, und leistet dadurch auch einen Beitrag zur Versachlichung und Konkretisierung der Migrationsdebatte.