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Edited by Igor Kąkolewski, Przemyslaw Urbánczyk and Christian Lübke

This book covers two fields of research. The first part of the volume includes essays authored by Polish, German, Czech, and Ukrainian archeologists and historians on the genesis and unique nature of the roads whereby Christianization proceeded in Polish lands in the early Middle Ages in the context of the kindred processes underway especially from the 10th century in neighboring lands. The second part of this publication includes considerations on the politics of memory as applied to the beginnings of statehood in Poland and Kievan Rus’. Chosen examples reveal the uniqueness and the evolution of various politics of memory related to the founding myths of statehood in modern Poland, Russia, and Ukraine.

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Przemysław Żywiczyński and Sławomir Wacewicz

This book discusses the scope and development of the science of language evolution – a newly emergent field that investigates the origin of language. The book is addressed to audiences who are not professionally involved in science and presents the problems of language origins together with introductory information on such topics as the theory of evolution, elements of linguistic theory, the neural infrastructure of language or the signalling theory.

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Liberation in Higher Education

A White Researcher’s Journey Through the Shadows

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Sarah Militz-Frielink

Liberation in Higher Education: A White Researcher’s Journey Through the Shadows introduces and expands on the notion of Endarkened Feminist Epistemology (EFE) based on a qualitative case study of Cynthia B. Dillard and her students as well as the white researcher as she became transformed through her research in higher education. Dillard, who created EFE as a teaching and research paradigm in 2000, grounded it in several frameworks: Black feminist thought (Hill-Collins, 1990); standpoint theory (Harding, 1987); the tenets of African American spirituality; and the work of Parker J. Palmer (1983) on non-religious spirituality in education. The book delves into EFE’s origins and students’ meaning-making experiences with EFE—including related themes such as healing, identity development, cultural histories, spirituality and the evolution of the phenomenon over time. This book includes a chapter in which the researcher applies EFE as a methodology to herself, which is one of the recommended practices of EFE as a research tool. This book concludes with implications and recommendations for practitioners, particularly white practitioners in higher education, who work with African American students in PWIs.

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Theodore Sabo

Origins of Eastern Christian Mysticism asserts that the thinkers between Basil of Caesarea and Symeon the New Theologian were important mainly for their role in the formation of Hesychasm, a fourteenth-century mystical movement in the Eastern church. The book surveys previous research on Proto-Hesychasm and sets forth eight Hesychastic trends in its practitioners: monasticism, dark and light mysticism, and an emphasis on the heart, theōsis, the humanity of Christ, penthos, and unceasing prayer.

Theodore Sabo integrates detailed and carefully researched accounts of the lives and thought of the foundational figures of Hesychasm into a compelling narrative of the movement’s origins. The Cappadocian fathers established monasticism as the predominant milieu of Proto-Hesychasm and emphasized both theōsis and dark mysticism. Dark mysticism would come into conflict with the light mysticism of their contemporary Pseudo-Macarius, but both currents would be passed on to the Hesychasts. Macarius was a seminal figure within Proto-Hesychasm, responsible for its stress on light mysticism and heart mysticism. Hesychasm itself, the author contends, emerged from two main Proto-Hesychast fonts, the philosophical (represented by such figures as Pseudo-Dionysius and Maximus the Confessor) and the ascetic (the realm of figures like John Climacus and Isaac of Nineveh). The former school transmitted to Hesychasm a virtually unacknowledged Platonism; the latter contributed to Hesychasm’s preoccupation with theōsis, penthos, and unceasing prayer, albeit from a solely monastic perspective. Finally, Symeon the New Theologian emerged as the redoubtable successor to these schools, unifying their distinct traditions in his philosophical approach.

While previous scholarship has documented the connections between Proto-Hesychasm and Hesychasm, Origins of Eastern Christian Mysticism is unique in its treatment of the Proto-Hesychasts as a distinguishable group, and as direct instigators of Hesychasm. This provocative study should be of interest to students and scholars of the late antique history of the Eastern Orthodox Church, as well as to contemporary theologians steeped in the Eastern mystical tradition.

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Edited by Anne Castaing

Le 15 août 1947, au moment où l’Inde obtenait son indépendance, l’Asie du Sud donnait naissance à un nouvel État, le Pakistan, disloqué entre l’extrême ouest et l’extrême est du Sous-continent. Cette partition à grande échelle s’accompagna d’un exode massif des deux côtés des nouvelles frontières, donnant lieu entre communautés hindoue, musulmane et sikhe, à des massacres d’une violence inouïe perpétrés par des populations paniquées et désorientées. On parle de près d’un million de morts et de dix à douze millions de personnes déplacées, sans parler des viols, des incendies, des pillages et des dizaines de milliers de femmes kidnappées, qui entachèrent durablement l’histoire du sous-continent indien.

Il ne s’agit pas dans cet ouvrage de s’interroger sur les causes des événements tragiques de la Partition, mais plutôt d’en examiner les conséquences à long terme et de percevoir, à travers la production littéraire et artistique massive qui a suivi les années 1947-1948 et continue à la documenter et à la discuter, l’impact majeur suscité par cette fracture historique, culturelle et sociale. Cet ouvrage, composé d’articles critiques, d’entretiens et de textes littéraires en traductions inédites, propose ainsi d’examiner la Partition comme « paradigme esthétique », en identifiant tant les récurrences de sa représentation, de ses conséquences et de sa mémoire, que la variété des genres et des modes dans laquelle cette mémoire se formule. Enfin, il s’agit d’examiner les enjeux de ces représentations, tant au niveau de la culture qu’au niveau de l’Histoire et de son écriture.

Cet ouvrage, de nature inédite en France, fait écho à de nombreux travaux entrepris ces dernières décennies en Inde et dans les universités anglophones, qui visent à reconstruire l’Histoire de l’Inde au regard d’une histoire sociale et culturelle restée longtemps inexplorée.

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Edited by Susanne Fuchs, Joanne Cleland and Amélie Rochet-Capellan

Learning and memory processes are basic features of human existence. They allow us to (un)consciously adapt to changes in our social and physical environment in a variety of ways and may have been a precursor for survival in human evolution. Through several reviews and original work the book focuses on three key topics that enhanced our understanding of the topic in the last twenty years: first, the role of real-time auditory feedback in learning, second, the role of motor aspects for learning and memory, and third, representations in memory and the role of sleep on memory consolidation.

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Seung-In Song

The central aim of Water as an Image of the Spirit in the Johannine Literature is to propose two sets of indicators that can be used to assess the symbolic reference of water imagery in the Johannine literature. One set of indicators can be used to decide whether a given instance of water imagery in the Johannine literature represents the Spirit. The other set of indicators can be used to determine whether a given instance of water imagery has a symbolic level of meaning instead of or in addition to its literal meaning. For the former purpose, the author identifies five indicators: (1) the water is given by Jesus; (2) the giving of water is linked to Jesus’ crucifixion; (3) the water involves parallels to OT passages relating to the Spirit; (4) the presence of suggestive vocabulary in close connection with the Spirit; and (5) the Spirit is mentioned in the immediate context. For the latter purpose, the author discerns six indicators: (1) whether the water or water-related imagery makes sense literally; (2) whether the proposed interpretation (literal or symbolic) coheres well with its immediate context; (3) whether other symbolic expressions are present; (4) whether water is highlighted in the narrative in which it belongs; (5) whether relatively detailed geographic or chronological information is present in the immediate context; and (6) whether vocabulary suggesting the use of symbols is present. The validity of these indicators is demonstrated by applying them to six disputed water passages (1 John 5:6-8, Rev. 22:1-2, John 3:5, 4:10-14, 6:35 and 19:34). In Water as an Image of the Spirit in the Johannine Literature, Seung-In Song presents a carefully-crafted argument that draws on narrative and exegetical methodologies to stage new claims that should incite further debate and discussion regarding the role of water imagery—and symbolic devices more broadly--in the Johannine texts.

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Leo Humpenöder

Das Buch analysiert den Paradigmenwechsel von einem Zerschlagungs- und Verteilungsrecht hin zu einem modernen Sanierungsrecht. Der Autor zeigt dabei Möglichkeiten auf, die zu einer Verfestigung und Verfeinerung des Sanierungsgedankens im Insolvenzrecht führen können. Am Anfang der Untersuchung steht die historische Entwicklung des Sanierungsgedankens, es folgt eine Betrachtung der bisherigen Umsetzung. Um den weiteren Reformbedarf des Insolvenzrechts aufzudecken, werden europäische Rechtsordnungen sowie Vorhaben auf europäischer Ebene daraufhin untersucht, ob sie eine Vorbildfunktion für das deutsche Sanierungsrecht haben könnten. Es werden konkrete Vorschläge zur Änderung des Insolvenzrechts unterbreitet, die geeignet sein könnten, Sanierungen in Deutschland noch weiter zu erleichtern.

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Current Explorations in Middle English

Selected papers from the 10th International Conference on Middle English (ICOME), University of Stavanger, Norway, 2017

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Edited by Merja Stenroos, Martti Mäkinen, Kjetil Vikhamar Thengs and Oliver Martin Traxel

This volume is a selection of papers presented at the 10th International Conference on Middle English held at the University of Stavanger, Norway from 31 May to 2 June 2017. The collection bridges the gap between traditional ‘linguistic’ and ‘literary’ topics and provides a holistic view of current research within Middle English studies. The papers are organized under four main headings: The transmission of Middle English texts, Syntax and morphology, Genre and discourse and Textual afterlives. The contributions deal with materials ranging from canonical works such as Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales to little-studied texts such as administrative documents and scientific treatises.

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Antje Eder

Viele bisher erfolgte Einführungen von lernfeldorientierten Lehrplänen schöpfen das unterrichtsbezogene Potential des Lernfeldansatzes an den Berufsschulen meist nicht aus. Ausgangspunkt der vorliegenden Untersuchung ist die Anpassung des bisher fachsystematischen Lehrplans im Ausbildungsberuf Landwirt in Bayern an das Lernfeldkonzept. Neu an dem gewählten Implementationsansatz ist die umfassende Vorgehensweise, bei der die Autorin durch eine kontinuierliche wissenschaftliche Begleitung einen exemplarischen Prozessablauf für Lehrplanimplementationen entwickelt, fördernde Maßnahmen diagnostiziert und Unterstützungsstrukturen für eine externe Begleitung erarbeitet.