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Voices, Languages, Discourses

Interpreting the Present and the Memory of Nation in Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe

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Edited by Ana Mafalda Leite, Jessica Falconi, Kamila Krakowska, Sheila Kahn and Carmen Tindó Secco

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Dynamische Approximationen

Festschriftliches pünktlichst zu Eva Lavrics 62,5. Geburtstag

Edited by Marietta Calderón and Carmen Konzett

Der vorliegende Band ist der Romanistin Eva Lavric als Festschrift gewidmet. Er spiegelt durch die Auswahl der Beiträge Eva Lavrics wissenschaftliches Œuvre und ihre vielfältige internationale Vernetzung wider. Die Beiträge nehmen häufig eine kontrastivlinguistische Perspektive ein, beschäftigen sich aber nicht nur mit dem Deutschen und dem Französischen, sondern gehen weit darüber hinaus. Methodologisch spannt sich der Bogen von theoretischen Modellierungen und klassischen systemlinguistischen Beschreibungen syntaktischer oder semantischer Phänomene über diskursanalytische Ansätze und neue soziolinguistische Methoden wie dem  «linguistic landscaping» bis hin zur Korpuslinguistik und Interaktionsforschung.

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The Little Qanun of Ibn Sina

Little Model of the Great Qanun

Kadircan Hidir Keskinbora

Ibn Sina wrote many books on various scientific branches, many of which are on philosophy, religion, music, medicine, astronomy, physics, and natural sciences. Some sources state that the number of books he has written is over 240; 153 of these have been discovered. Among his valuable books, the two most well-known books are «al-Shifa», which deals mostly with philosophy, and the five-volume «al-Qānūn Fī al-Tibb», which is a complete medical encyclopedia. The Little Qanun is the model of «al-Qānūn». The idea of publishing this book struck the author’s mind when he thoroughly dealt with Avicenna’s views and thoughts. It is hard to imagine such discoveries were generated more than one thousand years ago.

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Edited by Marek A. Cichocki

The current crisis of the international order cannot be referred only to the liberal concept of globalisation. It is also a crisis of a certain model and ideas of order, which – as a result of the financial and migration crisis in Europe – were invalidated by reality and must be reconsidered.

The aim of this book is to present how contemporary European states attempt to be active actors, responding to the crisis of the international order, in divergent and sometimes contradictory ways. This phenomenon inevitably leads to the undermining of many existing cooperation mechanisms, but on the other hand, it also reveals the limitations in terms of the state actions.

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Leroy Ghislain

Cet ouvrage vise à cerner les spécificités contemporaines de l’école maternelle, en mettant au jour les attentes particulières qui y règnent vis-à-vis des enfants. L’auteur réactive ainsi le questionnement des premiers sociologues de l’école maternelle (Dannepond, Plaisance, Chamboredon et Prévot), pour l’appliquer à la période contemporaine. Après la recherche de productivité (années 50), puis d’expressivité (années 60-70), qu’est-ce que l’école maternelle cherche aujourd’hui à faire de l’enfant ?

Mobilisant entretiens, observations, étude des programmes et des rapports d’inspection, l’auteur montre que, dans les dernières décennies, on attend de plus en plus que l’enfant soit un élève autonome et performant. Ceci s’explique notamment par l’évolution des politiques publiques et leur recherche nouvelle de rentabilité, qui ont transformé les objectifs et pratiques ordinaires de l’école maternelle. Du côté de l’enfant, ces attentes d’autonomie et de performance se déclinent en exigences disciplinaires, cognitives, émotionnelles et même hygiéniques qui s’avèrent en partie spécifiques à la période contemporaine. Elles semblent paradoxalement aboutir à renforcer les inégalités sociales, car les enfants issus des catégories moyennes et supérieures y apparaissent bien plus préparés. Ceci ressort notamment de l’étude des pratiques d’inspiration montessorienne, qui se sont diffusées très récemment.

L’école maternelle contemporaine viserait-elle à initier l’enfant à un certain ethos contemporain, performer, qui hante notre imaginaire social ?

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Barbara Literska

This book is the first monographic study of Tadeusz Baird – one of the greatest Polish composers of the second half of the 20th century, a connoisseur of music tradition and a prophet of the future of music (postmodernity), a composer of worldwide renown, an erudite. Baird was deeply engaged in art, aware of the threats and problems of contemporary world, and endowed with a sense of a mission. His personality was shaped by traumatic experiences during World War II and during the late 1940s and early 1950s. He was very demanding of himself and others. As signaled in the title, the book is an extensive, monographic representation of the composer's work and concepts in their stylistic, cultural, and esthetic contexts.

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Paulina Łęska

The study presented in this book aimed to test the argument structure of ditransitive verbs in Polish with the use of quantifier scope interpretation. Since these verbs typically allow for relatively free object order, it is not clear whether any of the object orders is basic or if they constitute separate underlying structures. The study reports the results of five experiments testing acceptability of scope interpretation of Polish quantified objects in two object orders, using variables such as coordination, to reveal which scope changing mechanism is responsible for ambiguity. The results showed that only the DO-IO order allowed for scope ambiguity, however, to a different degree depending on the semantic class of the verb. This indicates that the merge position of objects is contingent upon that factor.

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Pirandello in un mondo globalizzato 2

Iconografie pirandelliane. Immagini e cultura visiva nell’opera di Luigi Pirandello

Edited by Bart Van den Bossche and Bart Dreesen

I saggi raccolti in Iconografie pirandelliane esplorano una fitta serie di domande relative alle molteplici sfaccettature della cultura visiva nell’opera e nell’immagine pubblica di Luigi Pirandello. Qual è il ruolo della dimensione visiva nella poetica di Pirandello, in particolare nella sua concezione dell’immaginazione e della fantasia? In che modo e perché Pirandello nel suo teatro e nella sua narrativa chiama in causa di frequente immagini, tecnologie e pratiche semiotiche visive? In che modo il suo fascino per il cinema, la pittura e la fotografia incidono sulla sua opera? Quali sono le componenti dell’immagine pubblica di Pirandello, che si tratti dell’ ethos discorsivo attentamente costruito dall’autore stesso o della rappresentazione di Pirandello nella stampa e attraverso strategie editoriali? Nell’affrontare questi (e non pochi altri) argomenti, Iconografie pirandelliane offre non solo una panoramica variegata e unica sui molteplici temi legati a Pirandello e alla cultura visiva, ma esplora anche connessioni trasversali tra diverse questioni che a volte sono rimaste confinate ad aspetti o settori particolari dell’opera pirandelliana. Inoltre, il volume permette di collocare i «regimi di visualità» dell’opera di Pirandello all’interno del contesto più ampio della cultura visiva nel periodo modernista in Italia e altrove.
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Verfassungsrechtliche Schutzpflichten zur Bekämpfung des Bienensterbens

Grundgesetzlicher Schutzauftrag an den deutschen Staat in Bezug auf die Gefahren eines möglichen weltweiten Bienensterbens, insbesondere im Hinblick auf Art. 20a GG

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Jessica Böttinger

Lässt sich dem Grundgesetz eine verfassungsrechtliche Handlungspflicht des Staates zum Schutz der Umwelt im Sinne eines ökologischen Existenzminimums entnehmen? Die Autorin untersucht diese Frage anhand des Bienensterbens und arbeitet in ihrer Dissertation einen Anforderungskatalog heraus, der die sich unmittelbar aus dem Grundgesetz ergebenden Mindestpflichten des deutschen Staates konkretisiert.