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International Criminal Tribunals as Actors of Domestic Change

The Impact on Media Coverage, Volume 1

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Edited by Klaus Bachmann, Irena Ristić and Gerhard Kemp

Do International Criminal Tribunals trigger social change, provide reconciliation, stabilize fragile post-conflict societies? Many authors claim they do, but they base their assumptions mainly on theoretical considerations and opinion polls. The editors and authors of this book take a different position: based on extensive field research in nine European and African countries, they examine whether tribunal decisions resulted in changes in media frames about the conflicts which gave rise to the creation of these tribunals. International Tribunals hardly ever shape or change the grand narratives about wars and other conflicts, but they often manage to trigger small changes in media frames which, in some cases, even lead to public reflexion about guilt and responsibility and more awareness for (the respective enemy’s) victims. On an empirical basis, this book shows the potential of International Criminal Justice, the possibilities, but also the limits of International Criminal Tribunals. Volume 1 presents the evidence from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Kosovo, Serbia and Croatia.

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International Criminal Tribunals as Actors of Domestic Change

The Impact on Media Coverage, Volume 2

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Edited by Klaus Bachmann, Irena Ristić and Gerhard Kemp

Do International Criminal Tribunals trigger social change, provide reconciliation, stabilize fragile post-conflict societies? Many authors claim they do, but they base their assumptions mainly on theoretical considerations and opinion polls. The editors and authors of this book take a different position: based on extensive field research in nine European and African countries, they examine whether tribunal decisions resulted in changes in media frames about the conflicts which gave rise to the creation of these tribunals. International Tribunals hardly ever shape or change the grand narratives about wars and other conflicts, but they often manage to trigger small changes in media frames which, in some cases, even lead to public reflexion about guilt and responsibility and more awareness for (the respective enemy's) victims. On an empirical basis, this book shows the potential of International Criminal Justice, the possibilities, but also the limits of International Criminal Tribunals. Volume 2 presents the evidence from Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan and South Sudan.

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Etienne Dubslaff

Cette étude retrace l’année d’existence autonome du Parti social-démocrate en RDA depuis sa fondation à la veille de la chute du Mur jusqu’à la réunification allemande. D’abord parti résolument révolutionnaire à l’encontre du régime de la RDA, le SDP puis SPD se mue progressivement en acteur majeur de la scène politique est-allemande et nationale. À aucun moment, il ne cesse d’affirmer une identité sociale-démocrate est-allemande originale. Au-delà de leurs actes, les aspirations des membres fondateurs sont au centre de ce livre.

Dieses Buch befasst sich mit dem Werdegang der Sozialdemokratischen Partei in der DDR von ihrer Gründung kurz vor dem Mauerfall bis zur staatlichen Vereinigung Deutschlands. Die ursprünglich revolutionäre, gegen die SED gerichtete Partei wird nach der friedlichen Revolution zunehmend zu einem wichtigen Akteur in der DDR und in beiden Teilen Deutschlands. Dabei hält die SDP/SPD stets eine originelle, ostdeutsch geprägte sozialdemokratische Identität hoch. Neben den Handlungen der Partei stehen auch die Hoffnungen und Wünsche der Gründergeneration im Vordergrund.

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He Whom a Dream Hath Possessed

The Life and Works of the American John Knox

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Jordan Almanzar

This book treats the life and works of the American biblical scholar John Knox (1900-1990). Utilizing Knox’s own autobiographical works and having obtained previously unpublished materials from those closest to Knox, the author re-presents Knox as possibly the most neglected New Testament writer working in America during the twentieth century. By thorough analysis and development of Knox’s scholarly contributions concerning a range of topics drawn from New Testament studies and ancient Church history, the author concludes that Knox was a man ahead of his time and, furthermore, that modern readers will find in him a nearly prophetic voice from the past.

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Edited by Krzysztof Brzechczyn

The book offers a transnational perspective on history of communism in East-Central Europe. It analyzes the political, economic, and cultural dimensions of communist systems and focuses on different forms of resistance and ways of its remembering. The transnational look is manifested through an analysis of the usefulness of the models applied in research of the past, an investigation of some historical phenomena in the context of mutual relations between particular countries (e.g. Poland and East Germany), republics of Soviet Union (Lithuania, Moldova, and Russia) and between the East and the West relations (peace movement in Poland and Netherlands). Moreover, selected aspects of the past (consumerism in Bulgaria or economic management in Romania) are analyzed with the use of categories useful in transnational research.

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In Search of Canine Justice

Law and Practice in the United States and European Union

Julie Walsh

Many scholars posit distinct European and American approaches to public policy, with the European approach more likely to have a generous social safety net, tougher regulations on businesses, and stronger protections for animals. Via a comparative analysis of several policies, In Search of Canine Justice asks whether this conventional wisdom holds in the area of canine welfare. While there is much vindication of these two distinct approaches, the reality is more complex when the behavior of particular states is taken into account. In short, European laws are more likely to advance canine welfare, but there are not only exceptions but places where practices deviate from the laws. At the state level in the United States, the trend is toward more protective laws and practices in this area as well.

In Search of Canine Justice is a valuable resource for students of comparative politics, animal studies, animal law, and public policy, as well as anyone with a general interest in canine welfare or a specific interest in the regulation of commercial breeding, euthanasia, commercial greyhound racing, scientific experimentation, and/or unnecessary surgeries for cosmetic reasons.

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Geschichte in der Öffentlichkeit

Konzepte – Analysen – Dialoge

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Edited by Christine Gundermann, Wolfgang Hasberg and Holger Thünemann

Der anhaltende Geschichtsboom stellt die Historiker*innen in Forschung und Praxis vor neue Herausforderungen. Die Kommunikation von Geschichte im öffentlichen Raum ist inszeniert und zweckgebunden. An sie werden Vermittlungsansprüche gestellt und doch hat öffentliche Geschichte als Teil von gegenwärtigen Erlebniskulturen nicht länger die leitende gesellschaftliche Kraft, die ihr im ausgehenden 19. Jahrhundert noch zugesprochen wurde. Um die aktuellen medialen, materiellen und performativen Praktiken öffentlicher Geschichte besser zu verstehen, wenden sich die Beitragenden in diesem Band der kritischen Reflexion theoretischer Konzeptionen öffentlicher Geschichte wie der Erinnerungskultur, Geschichtskultur und des neuen Ansatzes der Public History zu. Sie stellen in einem zweiten Teil in Einzelanalysen ausgewählte Medien der Geschichte vor und präsentieren in einem dritten Teil Reflexionen aus der Praxis.

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Empowering Africa

Access to power in the African continent

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Edited by Lorenzo Colantoni, Giuseppe Montesano and Nicolo Sartori

Access to electricity is a key factor for the future of the African continent. Energy poverty and lack of universal access to electricity services are, in fact, remarkably hurting human progress in Africa. Today, sub-Saharan Africa hosts 14 percent of the world’s population but 60 percent of the world’s people without access to electricity: of the more than 1 billion people globally who had no access to electricity, around 600 million lived in the region. In these conditions, many African countries are unable to develop a solid economy or provide basic health and education services to their citizens. Starting from the analysis of present and future economic, demographic, social and technological trends, Empowering Africa offers an in-depth assessment of the current status and of the future prospects of access to electricity in the African continent. The volume describes the main developments in the Africa’s electricity sector, addressing the issue both from a regional and a thematic point of view, and attempting to define the key trends of a sector that will necessarily contribute to shape the continent’s political, social and economic dynamics for the next decades.

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Edited by David Chaunu and Séverin Duc

Issus d’un colloque organisé en Sorbonne en juin 2017, les articles publiés dans cet ouvrage interrogent les imaginaires et les pratiques de la domination politique à l’époque moderne. (Re)conquêtes, révoltes, révolutions, répressions, crises de régime, expansion coloniale sont l’objet de cet ouvrage et sont envisagés comme autant d’épreuves pour les sociétés modernes, confrontées au risque de leur anéantissement et à la nécessité de leur réinvention. Ce volume propose d’étudier ces moments à la lumière des acquis récents de l’histoire politique et sociale, en interrogeant les processus de domination dans l’Europe moderne et ses prolongements ultramarins par-delà l’Atlantique.

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The Politics of Persecution

Contemporary Case Studies

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Deon Geldenhuys

The age-old practice of persecution has been recognised since the mid-20th century as a crime against humanity under international law. Even so, scores of states have continued to commit this serious human rights violation, characterised by systematic discrimination against groups of people based on aspects of their identity. While acknowledging the legal aspects involved, this book emphasizes the essentially political nature of acts of state-driven discrimination on such grounds as race, language, culture and political orientation. Fifteen contemporary cases of persecution are examined to determine who discriminated against whom, why, how, when and with what outcomes. Among the examples are Indonesia, Turkey, China, Iraq, Uganda, South Africa, Israel, Zimbabwe, Croatia, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.