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Espaços, tempos e vozes da tradução

Entre literaturas e culturas de língua portuguesa e língua alemã

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Edited by Kathrin Sartingen and Susana Kampff Lages

A tradução é tanto um recurso indispensável à sobrevivência, quanto o fundamento de novos mundos, materiais e imateriais. A dimensão ontológica e fenomenológica da tradução é desdobrada nos ensaios reunidos neste livro por pesquisadores dedicados à prática da tradução para dela extrair consequências teórico- críticas. Os textos aqui reunidos focalizam traduções intermediais, entre lugares físicos e figurados e entre línguas. Num mundo globalizado, onde novas mídias e linguagens surgem a todo instante, traduzir não só línguas mas também universos culturais complexos é tarefa a ser sempre de novo reproposta. É essa faceta da tradução que os textos desta coletânea apresentam a partir de uma renovada perspectiva que atualiza teorizações clássicas. A dimensão criativa e inventiva da tradução é mais uma vez lembrada e aqui apresentada como indispensável à superação dos desafios a vir.

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Der Kölner Lischka-Prozess

NS-Verbrechen und Erinnerungskultur in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und in Frankreich

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Theresa Angenlahr

Im Lischka-Prozess standen von Oktober 1979 bis Februar 1980 drei Mitverantwortliche für die Deportation der jüdischen Bevölkerung Frankreichs während der deutschen Besatzung im Zweiten Weltkrieg vor dem Kölner Landgericht. Die kurze Verhandlungsdauer sowie die Verurteilung der Angeklagten Kurt Lischka, Herbert Hagen und Ernst Heinrichsohn zu mehrjährigen Haftstrafen heben den Prozess von den meisten anderen westdeutschen NS-Strafverfahren ab. Die Studie untersucht den Einfluss der Strafverfolgung auf die öffentliche Debatte um die Shoah in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und in Frankreich. Mithilfe des Ansatzes der Histoire croisée analysiert sie, wie die erinnerungskulturelle Auseinandersetzung um den Lischka-Prozess in beiden Ländern geführt und wechselseitig rezipiert wurde.

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La lettre de l’estampe

Les formes de l’écrit et ses fonctions dans l’image imprimée en Europe au XVIe siècle

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Edited by Marianne Grivel and Emmanuel Lurin

Les relations entre le texte et l’image ont été surtout étudiées sous l’angle de l’iconographie, de l’illustration et de la présence – occasionnelle et souvent paradoxale – de mots dans la peinture. C’était sans compter avec l’estampe qui constitue, dès la fin du XVe siècle, un champ d’expérimentation majeur pour tous ceux qui cherchent à concilier les qualités formelles, esthétiques et sémantiques d’un texte et d’une représentation artistique. Les techniques de gravure permettent en effet de réunir dans une même composition une grande variété de signes, verbaux et iconiques, dont l’ensemble constitue l’image : la « lettre » gravée est donc la partie écrite et effectivement lisible de l’estampe.

Centré sur la gravure de la Renaissance, ce livre explore une période particulièrement féconde, le XVIe siècle, qui a vu l’émergence en Europe d’une véritable industrie des arts de l’imprimé. Signatures, titres, légendes, dédicaces, commentaires, etc. sont passés au crible de l’analyse critique et interprétés suivant des méthodologies variées. Qui rédigeait les textes ? Comment étaient-ils gravés ? Quelle était la fonction des différentes inscriptions ? Comment étaient-elles lues et comprises par les usagers ? Ce livre offre, pour la première fois, une vision d’ensemble sur des questions d’écriture et de composition propres à l’estampe ; ce faisant, il nous invite à repenser de nombreux aspects de la création dans l’histoire artistique européenne.

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L’énergie au Cameroun

Une histoire des agencements entre l’État et l’entreprise (1904-2001)

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Williams Pokam Kamdem

Cet ouvrage décrit la constitution et l’évolution du secteur de l’énergie au Cameroun. Il vise à épaissir la connaissance de ce pan de l’histoire économique et à contribuer à la recherche, dense ces dernières décennies, sur l’histoire de l’énergie et l’histoire des entreprises à travers le monde.

Ce travail s’appuie sur une diversité de sources d’archives pour explorer les activités des entreprises de production et de distribution d’hydrocarbures ainsi que d’énergie électrique au Cameroun. Il suit à cet effet la trame des choix ainsi que des remises en cause de politiques économiques et énergétiques dans ce pays.

L’approche diachronique privilégiée éclaire trois séquences de cette histoire. La première correspond à la période sous administration coloniale, marquée par la formation d’une économie mixte. La deuxième fait référence aux trois décennies qui suivent l’accession de ce pays à l’indépendance et qui voient s’affirmer l’étatisme. La troisième séquence couvre les débuts de la déréglementation au cours des années 1990.

En suivant ces évolutions, l’ouvrage permet de souligner les déterminants, les modalités ainsi que les effets des rapports entre la puissance publique et les entreprises privées dans un secteur de l’économie nationale décrit comme névralgique. Il pose ainsi un jalon de l’histoire de l’énergie dans ce pays d’Afrique en croisant l’histoire des entreprises, l’économie de l’énergie et l’action publique.

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Erasure and Recollection

The Memory of Racial Passing within and beyond the United States

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Edited by Hélène Charlery and Aurélie Guillain

Many recent studies of racial passing have emphasized the continuing, almost haunting power of racial segregation even in the post-segregation period in the US, or in the post-apartheid period in South Africa. This "present-ness" of racial passing, the fact that it has not really become "passé," is noticeable in the great number of testimonies which have been published in the 2000s and 2010s by descendants of individuals who passed for white in the English-speaking world. The sheer number of publications suggest a continuing interest in the kind of relation to the personal and national past which is at stake in the long-delayed revelation of cases of racial passing.

This interest in family memoirs or in fictional works re-tracing the erasure of some relative’s racial identity is by no means limited to the United States: for instance, Zoë Wicomb in South Africa or Zadie Smith in the UK both use the passing novel to unravel the complex situation of mixed-race subjects in relation to their family past and to a national past marked by a history of racial inequality.

Yet, the vast majority of critical approaches to racial passing have so far remained largely focused on the United States and its specific history of race relations. The objective of this volume is twofold: it aims at shedding light on the way texts or films show the work of individual memory and collective recollection as they grapple with a racially divided past, struggling with its legacy or playing with its stereotypes. Our second objective has been to explore the great variety in the forms taken by racial passing depending on the context, which in turn leads to differences in the ways it is remembered. Focusing on how a previously erased racial identity may resurface in the present has enabled us to extend the scope of our study to other countries than the United States, so that this volume hopes to propose some new, transnational directions in the study of racial passing.

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Internationalization at home

A collection of pedagogical approaches to develop students' intercultural competences

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Edited by Cécilia Brassier-Rodrigues and Pascal Brassier

The internationalisation of higher education has accelerated in recent years. Internationalisation at most higher education institutions mainly takes the form of study abroad. This immersion in an intercultural environment is believed to foster the development of academic and non-academic skills, thus improving graduates’ employability. Regardless of the geographical area, higher education institutions (HEI) have therefor put student mobility at the heart of their academic projects. However, the context has changed: the Covid-19 health crisis has led to a freezing of international mobility. Alternative solutions to traditional mobility must be found.

With this book, we intend to contribute to reflections on how to develop intercultural sensitivity and intercultural competences among students through Internationalisation at Home. For this purpose, in the eight chapters of the book, we present some pedagogical methods that facilitate the creation of a context conducive to interculturality and the acquisition of plural skills by students at home. Some authors examine how these competences can be assessed. Finally, we propose a framework explaining how a combination of activities within an institution can foster the development of students' intercultural competences.

Regardless of the approaches chosen by the teachers observed, they answered similar questions. These questions set a framework for reflections on efficient approaches to supporting the development of students' intercultural skills in an Internationalisation at Home context.

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La modernización y gobernanza del proyecto europeo en un marco plural con valores y objetivos compartidos

The European Project’s Modernisation and Governance in a Plural Framework with Shared Values and Goals

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Edited by Jesús Baigorri and Jürgen Elvert

Este libro recoge las contribuciones realizadas al Seminario Doctoral sobre "La modernización y gobernanza del proyecto europeo en un marco plural con valores y objetivos compartidos", organizado en el Real Monasterio de Yuste por la Fundación Yuste entre el 19 y 24 de junio de 2019. Su contenido cubre diferentes áreas de investigación, entre las cuales se observan las líneas propuestas en el título de la publicación desde una perspectiva tan rica como diversa: la externalización de las políticas migratorias y fronterizas en la UE y la crisis de refugiados; los conflictos sobre la Europa social y la Directiva sobre desplazamiento de trabajadores; la Unión Bancaria; los desafíos y las perspectivas de "renovación" y el desarrollo de una nueva identidad en Europa; la política de defensa; la democracia y sus riesgos en Europa; el artículo 50 del TUE a la luz del Brexit; los emigrantes europeos y el nuevo éxodo judío; la crisis en el derecho penal de la UE para reforzar los derechos fundamentales y los valores europeos; y los mecanismos de denuncia de las Agencias Europeas FRONTEX y EASO para proteger los derechos fundamentales.

This book compiles the contributions made to the Doctoral Seminar on "The European Project’s Modernisation and Governance in a Plural Framework with Shared Values and Goals", organised by Yuste Foundation at the Royal Monastery of Yuste between 19 and 24 June 2019. Its contents cover different research areas, including the lines proposed in the title of this publication from a rich and diverse perspective: the externalisation of migratory and border policies in the EU and the refugee crisis; conflicts over social Europe and the Directive concerning the posting of workers; the Banking Union; challenges and "renewal" perspectives and the development of a new identity in Europe; the defence policy; democracy and its risks in Europe; Art. 50 TEU in the light of Brexit; European emigrants and the new Jewish exodus; the crisis in the EU criminal law to strengthen fundamental rights and European values; and the complaint mechanisms of the European Agencies FRONTEX and EASO to protect fundamental rights.

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Edited by Dan Jaffé, Yaakov Teppler and Rivkah Nir

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Khuloud Jamal Khayyat Dajani

No previous research has ever explored thoroughly the types and trends of smoking and the different models of tobacco smoking among Palestinian children. This study was designed to identify the factors that increase or mitigate risk associated with smoking among school children and adolescents living within the Palestinian territories. An ecological framework serves as the theoretical framework for the study, incorporating multiple levels of children’s and adolescents’ lives, including individual, family, school, peers, and community dimensions. The study is based on theory that considers the school as a central component of socialization and also on problem behavior theory, suggesting that humans develop clusters of dangerous behaviors that become part of their daily lives. This research study is based on the data set of the Health Behaviors in School-aged Children (HBSC) international survey, and employed a dual focus on individuals and schools. It revealed the high prevalence of tobacco smoking, the risk and protective factors affecting smoking, and showed that Nargilah ranked first among tobacco smoking habits. In an era of narrow agendas of “effectiveness” and “control,” this book suggests a way to incorporate schools as venues and spaces for behavioral transformation, growth, and positive change, and shows how awareness can be created within the families and the relevant agencies. Health promotion and risk prevention initiatives can help control tobacco smoking, the most preventable cause of death and disease in the nation. Those who smoke must quit, and we must work together to prevent children from starting this endangering health behavior.