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Me como las eses hasta en la sopa

Cambio fonético frente a la norma en el español ecuatoriano

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Brygida Sawicka-Stępińska

Entre los fenómenos de cambio fonético presentes en el español contemporáneo, uno de los más activos y difundidos es el de “comerse” las eses. El libro examina el estatus del debilitamiento de /s/ en el español guayaquileño. El estudio se lleva a cabo sobre el CHARG, un corpus de grabaciones de la radio. Empleando métodos acústicos y estadísticos, se realiza una clasificación semiautomática de los alófonos de /s/ y un análisis cuantitativo del debilitamiento de /s/. Asimismo se ofrece una encuesta de actitudes lingüísticas entre los habitantes de la ciudad ecuatoriana. El estudio ha revelado que, aunque la aspiración de /s/ es la realización preferida en posición implosiva, no goza del prestigio abierto entre los habitantes de la ciudad.

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Edited by Nicholas Brownlees and Nicholas Brownlees

This volume examines the determining role of context in the production and reception of news texts from the seventeenth century until the first half of the twentieth century. The context is understood as historical, social, political, professional, textual and material, with chapters focusing on how such a context or contexts influenced the language and reception of the news texts in question. The contributors to the volume are experts in their field of research and have employed a variety of methodological approaches in their analyses of the interrelationship between context and historical news discourse. These include historical pragmatics, historical discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis, appraisal theory, frame theory, and corpus linguistics.
The volume is divided into three sections: British News Contexts, International News Contexts,  and Advertising Contexts. The first two sections offer a wide-ranging examination of how context has determined the writing and understanding of news in both the British and international domain. The third section in the volume on advertising contexts and discourse is not just justified by the fundamental importance of advertising in the development and history of the press but also by the social and political relevance of the topics examined in the advertisements. These include studies on mental health and asylum advertisements, runaway slaves classified advertisements, and embedded nationalistic content and ideology in Irish newspaper advertisements of the 1930s.
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Isabelle Plattner

Ausgangspunkt des Buchs ist der Wahlsieg der Labour Party unter Clement Attlee im Jahr 1945. Es analysiert die Auseinandersetzung mit der Labour Party im britischen Bühnendrama, Fernsehspiel und im Film ab diesem Zeitpunkt. Die Labour Party stand ursprünglich für die Belange der working class ein, wandelte sich spätestens infolge von Tony Blairs New Labour Politik aber zu einer Partei der Mitte. Der Band untersucht, ob und ab welchem Punkt linksorientierte Schriftsteller eine solche Entwicklung kritisieren, und orientiert sich dabei methodisch an den Herangehensweisen des New Historicism und des Cultural Materialism. Erkennbar ist eine kritische Einstellung der Dramen-/Drehbuchautoren, die in späteren Werken konstruktiver und teils milder ausfällt.

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Synergy II: Linguistics

Contemporary Studies on Turkish Linguistics

Edited by Ayşe Selmin Söylemez and Alper Kumcu

Synergy II: Linguistics intends to present recent studies on Turkish linguistics. The aim is to introduce theoretical and applied linguistic approaches focusing on Turkish language. The structure of the book is thematically designed based on the micro and macro linguistics. The themes presented are phonology, morphology, morphosyntax, morphophonology, bilingualism, cognitive stylistics, register analysis of various Turkish text genres, identity, and language teaching. You will come across studies that catch your attention as you are leafing through the pages of the book.

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DANTE, tel le géomètre...

Les arts de la mémoire, l’architecture et l’enjeu de la connaissance dans la culture européenne

Luigi De Poli

Le projet de cet ouvrage est de montrer l'influence de l’œuvre de Dante dans le courant de pensée qui va trouver son essor à la Renaissance, en particulier en Vénétie, et qui aboutira aux Lumières. Un des mots-clés de cette enquête sera la mémoire ainsi que les figures féminines qui ont servi de support à des créations littéraires ou artistiques.

Après avoir défini le terme d'ars memorativa et précisé notre position vis à vis de ces règles, n la première partie montre comment les conseils donnés dans les traités de rhétorique ont pu donner naissance à des personnages ou des situations grotesques dans la Divine Comédie. A la lumière de ces règles, une relecture attentive du poème fait apparaître une structure qui n'est pas fondée sur le nombre 3 et sur la théologie mais sur un nombre plus intime à Dante, celui qu'il attache à Béatrice.

La pratique de l'art de la mémoire ne garantit en rien une réussite poétique et la deuxième partie révèle les échecs d'une mémoire « encombrée » d'images au point que le langage ne parvient plus à en restituer les images. A la Renaissance, l’ouvrage suit les changements que connaît l'ars memorativa et comment elle se met au service de la liberté de pensée en aidant les humanistes à se libérer du dogme. La mémoire et ses figures sont appelées pour déchiffrer les fresques de la villa de Daniele Barbaro à Maser et comprendre l'importance que prendra l'Architecture comme « reine des savoirs ».

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Kenneth J. Yin

Dungan Folktales and Legends is a unique anthology that acquaints English-speaking readers with the rich and captivating folk stories of the Dungans, Chinese-speaking Muslims who fled Northwest China for Russian Central Asia after failure of the Dungan Revolt (1862–1877) against the Qing dynasty. The most comprehensive collection of Dungan folk narratives, available now in English for the first time, this volume features translations of oral narratives collected in the former Soviet Central Asian republics of Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan in the twentieth century, and first published in Dunganskie narodnye skazki i predaniia (1977), which was edited by the internationally renowned Russian sinologist Boris L. Riftin and compiled by his prominent Dungan colleagues Makhmud A. Khasanov and Ilʹias I. Iusupov. The Dungan folk narrative tradition is a vibrant and fascinating tapestry of Chinese, Islamic, and various Central Asian cultural elements.

The present volume is comprised of a chapter introducing the Dungan tale and three chapters containing 78 folk stories organized in the following categories: wonder tales and animal tales; novelistic tales, folk anecdotes, and adventure stories; and legends, historical tales, and narratives. Also included are appendixes, a glossary, an index, the original notes to the texts, and translator’s notes aimed at an English-reading audience. This volume will be of interest to general readers, as well as students and scholars of folklore, ethnography, anthropology, comparative literature, Chinese studies, and Central Asian studies.

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Shouying Liu

Land system reform in China has always been a hot topic and a controversial one. After the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee (2013) issued its “Decision,” people throughout society generally responded well to the part relating to land system reform, but there were also a few dissenting voices. In the face of controversy, the central government determined the principles of land system reform: it set the program, tested it in local pilots, and only then did it apply the reform uniformly, first by enacting the laws, and so on. Under this background, this book goes through the fundamental logic of China’s land system reform since the 1980s and studies the problems this logic has encountered and whether it still works well. Hence, this book covers topics ranging from the historic origin of China’s land system, China’s rural land system and the relationship between China’s urbanization and land system reform. As a famous policy expert in China, the author also provides his own insights into how to find a solution to the land issue in China. This book is suitable for anyone who is interested in the facts and relevant research works of China’s land system reform, especially researchers in similar fields.
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Edited by David N. Coury and Karolin Machtans

Abbas Khider (b. 1973) has established himself as one of the leading literary voices of refugees and marginalised communities in Germany today. Born in Baghdad, Iraq, Khider was at a young age a vocal critic of Saddam Hussein’s regime, during which he was jailed and tortured before fleeing the country. As a refugee, he crossed many countries before arriving in Germany, where he was eventually granted asylum. His own life experiences have served as a departure point for his novels, which similarly explore the refugee experience and the challenges that migrants to Europe face. This volume represents the first collection of essays devoted to Khider’s works to date. The contributions analyse his narrative works and probe important questions relating to political, cultural, and linguistic identity in Germany today. While his works explore what it means to be an immigrant, they do so with a wry sense of humour and an insight into the human condition that also reflect on the political situation in Germany today. His award-winning novels, including Der falsche Inder (2008, The Village Indian, 2013) and Ohrfeige (2016, A Slap in the Face, 2019), which have been translated into English, are discussed in detail. Additionally, an original interview with the author offers insight into his writing process and influences.

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Behind Closed Doors

Hidden Histories of Children Committed to Care in the Late Nineteenth Century (1882-1899)

Annie Skinner

Annie Skinner explores the challenges and obstacles faced by children who were removed from their families by the state in the nineteenth century. The children in this study were rescued from neglected, abusive or dangerous situations and committed to care, but in the process were criminalized and incarcerated in industrial schools until they turned sixteen. Using letters from the children, their parents and correspondence from the authorities, the author focuses on the children’s experiences of their removal. We hear first-hand how children growing up in a controlled environment learnt how to navigate their way through the tough regimes of the institutions and resisted authority. The author shows how attitudes towards children in care were dominated by the belief that removing contact with their parents was essential in order to avoid repeating a negative history. A wholly new life was needed for a healthy and secure social development. At the heart of this new life was a future in domestic service. However, here children also faced stigma from employers and authorities. Skinner positions the voice of the child at the forefront of her study by offering close readings of children’s letters, taken from source. And so she allows us to see the impact of such policies on lives, as well as their isolation as a result of removal and their search for identity.

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Edited by Joanne Pettitt

In Great Britain, discussions of the Coronavirus pandemic have frequently been intertwined with references to the Second World War. Such allusions are to be found in political speeches, journalistic accounts and opinion pieces; they are also replete in the cultural sphere. Bringing together scholars from a range of disciplines, this comprehensive volume seeks to evaluate the uses (and abuses) of this rhetoric. The result is a multifaceted meditation on Britain’s response to the pandemic.