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The People of the Book, ahl al-kitāb

A Comparative Theological Exploration

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Richard L. Kimball

This book offers a comparative theological exploration of the challenges and opportunities presented by the Qur’ānic representation of Christianity as the People of the Book, ahl al-kitāb, in the Qur’ānic commentary tradition. The research is divided into three parts. The first part explores the Qur’ānic understanding of the People of the Book through traditional Islamic exegesis, known as tafsīr, of four Islamic scholars whose work spans more than a thousand years. Part two takes a closer look at the pre-Islamic period, the occasion of revelation of the Qur’ān as well as the Arabic speaking Christian response to Islam in the post-conquest period. Part Three explores the modern use of the term People of the Book by several scholars in the context of our increasingly interconnected and pluralist societies.

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Edited by Martina Blasberg-Kuhnke, Rauf Ceylan and Bülent Ucar

Zu Beginn der 2000er Jahre begannen Universität Osnabrück, Kultusministerium, Politik und muslimische Verbände mit der Konzeption einer Islamischen Religionspädagogik und der Einführung des Islamischen Religionsunterrichts, die letztlich zur Gründung des Instituts für Islamischen Theologie in Osnabrück führten. Heute blickt das Institut auf eine inzwischen fast 16jährige Geschichte zurück. Der vorliegende Sammelband soll in Form von Beiträgen von Akteuren aus Politik, Kirche und Wissenschaft, die die ersten Jahre des Instituts aktiv mitbegleitet haben, die bisherigen Entwicklungen zusammenfassen, kritisch bewerten und Perspektiven für weitere wissenschaftliche Herausforderungen aufzeigen. Dabei werden alle zentralen Aufgabenfelder des IIT intensiv behandelt und kritisch reflektiert.

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Aufgerichtet werden

Zum Potenzial von Religion und Spiritualität für Entwicklung

Christine Gühne

Menschen werden aufgerichtet und verändern sich tiefgreifend in ihren Selbst- und Weltbildern, wenn sie sich selbst als gewürdigtes Gegenüber Gottes erfahren. Diese Erfahrung ist unverfügbar und eröffnet dennoch Räume für individuelle und soziale Transformationen. Formate der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, die diese Erfahrungen integrieren, teilen, vertiefen und reflektieren, bauen auf einem intrinsischen Fundament auf, das tragfähig ist und auf dem gemeinsam nach Werten und Zielen gesucht werden kann. Nachhaltige Armutsbekämpfung benötigt diese Art des gemeinsamen Arbeitens innerhalb von Beziehungen, die durch Anerkennung geprägt werden, weil Armut mehr ist als materieller Mangel. Armut reicht tiefer und verletzt die Identität von Menschen – sie kann daher nicht alleine durch ökonomische und politische Strategien überwunden werden. In diesem Buch kommen Menschen aus einem Kontext zu Wort, in dem die Entwicklungszusammenarbeit tätig ist. Sie beschreiben, wie Religion und Entwicklung aus ihrer Sicht zusammengehören und warum die spirituelle Dimension von Transformationsprozessen für sie genauso relevant ist wie die materielle Verbesserung von Lebensbedingungen. Ebenso arbeitet die Autorin heraus, welche Folgen diese Einsichten für das Selbstverständnis und die Formen der internationalen Zusammenarbeit mit dem Ziel der Armutsbekämpfung haben.

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Przemyslaw Tacik

Edmond Jabès was one of the most intriguing Jewish thinkers of the 20th century – a poet for the public and a Kabbalist for those who read his work more closely. This book turns his writings into a ground-breaking philosophical achievement: thinking which is manifestly indebted to the Kabbalah, but in the post-religious and post-Shoah world. Loss, exile, negativity, God’s absence, writing and Jewishness are the main signposts of the negative ontology which this book offers as an interpretation of Jabès’ work. On the basis of it, the book examines the nature of the miraculous encounter between Judaism and philosophy which occurred in the 20th century. Modern Jewish philosophy is a re-constructed tradition which adapts the intellectual and spiritual legacy of Judaism to answer purely modern questions.

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From Paternalism to Partnership

Protestant Mission Partnerships in the History of the Netherlands Missionary Council (1900-1999)

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Wilbert van Saane

Partnership is a controversial concept in Protestant mission. This historical and missiological study traces the relations between Dutch and Indonesian churches from the colonial through the postcolonial era in the history of the Netherlands Missionary Council, the International Missionary Council and the World Council of Churches. Based on his research in missionary and ecumenical archives, the author sheds light on equality, mutuality and reciprocity in Dutch-Indonesian mission partnerships. He also discusses the changing role of missionaries in the twentieth century.

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Solemn Communion

A Critical Examination of the Current Practices Surrounding the Completion of Christian Initiation in Masaka Diocese (Uganda, East Africa)

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Godfrey Katumba

This study examines how the process of Christian initiation is catechetically and pastorally practised currently in the Catholic Diocese of Masaka, Uganda. It integrates the author’s pastoral experience in the Diocese with relevant literature in order to examine Solemn Communion. It argues that the catechetical course known as Mugigi, which the missionary White Fathers mostly originally hailing from France introduced into the area of present-day Masaka Diocese circa 1906 and became correlated with the reception of Solemn Communion, would benefit from the indigenous education in the Buganda kingdom, not to mention the Bugandan traditional religious worldview. It concludes that such cultural elements would not only profit the inculturation process but would also inform the concept of Christian initiation.

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«Yesterday, Today and Forever»

The Narrative World of Ps 94 [Ps 95] as a Hermeneutical Key to Hebrews

Robert Rayburn

Hebrews is a book of riddles. Recent scholarship has arrived at an impasse over difficulties and apparent contradictions within the argument. A new look at Hebrews is needed. This book examines the use of Psalm 95 in Hebrews. The psalm recalls a narrative world and renews an exhortation that reoccurs throughout Israel’s history. Hebrews takes up this summons and the story behind it (Heb 3-4, 10-12) to urge its audience to be faithful. This exhortation unites God’s people past and present (Heb 1, 13). The results of this study are applied to the new covenant (Heb 8) and reveal that a reexamination of common assumptions about Hebrews are necessary. A review of the history of interpretation shows that while assumptions about Hebrews have an early beginning, they have not gone unchallenged.

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Archaeology of Play

The Re-Discovery of Platonic-Aristotelian Tripartivism in Interdisciplinary Discourses

Lope Lesigues

Archaeology of Play: The Re-Discovery of Platonic-Aristotelian Tripartivism in Interdisciplinary Discourses proposes that play’s antithesis is not seriousness but rather one-dimensionality. This book argues that the rediscovery of Platonic-Aristotelian tripartivism lends to a more expansive appreciation of play in terms of three rhetorical registers—namely, skholé, agon, and paidia. Scholastic play resides in leisure and contemplation. Agonistics is realmed in competition, contests, and power-play, while paidiatics is expressed in lowly ruses, trickeries, recreation, and amusement of the low-bred and the subaltern. By subjecting play to the tripartite lens, Archaeology of Play highlights vital surpluses and lacunae in the treatment of the subject matter and therefore yields a refreshing, re-politicized understanding of play dynamics in the different fields of human endeavor.

Furthermore, Bourdieu’s and Rancière’s lusory discourses redeem play from the pitfalls of triadic over-schematization by thinking beyond tripartivism. The lively interlocution with other play theorists—Pieper, Kant, Schiller, Marcuse, Gadamer, Veblen, Arendt, Lyotard, Derrida, Foucault, Bakhtin, de Certeau, among others—adds substance to the mix where play becomes a critical resource for politics, aesthetics, and the democratic reordering of sociality.

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Edited by Dennis Sölch and David Hommen

Die Neuartigkeit einer Philosophie bemisst sich an der Sprache, in der sie zum Ausdruck kommt. In der Reflexion der philosophischen Terminologie offenbart sich die Bedingtheit unseres Denkens, das sein begriffliches Inventar nicht ad hoc entwickelt, sondern in Philosophiegeschichte und Alltagssprache bereits vorfindet. Das Wechselspiel zwischen Tradition und Innovation der Fachsprache gleicht dabei einem Balanceakt: Wer nur der Konvention verhaftet bleibt, vermag nichts Neues zu sagen, wer jeden Bezug zu vertrauten Vokabularen verliert, klingt esoterisch. Der Band zeigt exemplarisch den Bedeutungswandel philosophischer Termini, die Anforderungen an eine philosophische Terminologie und die Implikationen der Beschäftigung mit der philosophischen Sprache für unser Verständnis von Philosophie.

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Marek Piechowiak

This book is the first comprehensive study of Plato’s conception of justice. The universality of human rights and the universality of human dignity, which is recognised as their source, are among the crucial philosophical problems in modern-day legal orders and in contemporary culture in general. If dignity is genuinely universal, then human beings also possessed it in ancient times. Plato not only perceived human dignity, but a recognition of dignity is also visible in his conception of justice, which forms the core of his philosophy. Plato’s «Republic» is consistently interpreted here as a treatise on justice, relating to an individual and not to the state. The famous myth of the cave is a story about education taking place in the world here and now. The best activity is not contemplation, but acting for the benefit of others. Not ideas, but individuals are the proper objects of love. Plato’s philosophy may provide foundations for modern-day human rights protection rather than for totalitarian orders.