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Cuba: memoria, nación e imagen

Siete acercamientos al séptimo arte desde la literatura

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Yannelys Aparicio

La literatura ha sido siempre un firme aliado del cine: le ha dado argumentos, guiones, personajes, ambientes líricos o épicos, ha implicado a escritores, dramaturgos, músicos, intelectuales, críticos literarios. En este libro pretendemos dar cuenta, en primer lugar, de todas esas combinaciones entre el cine y la literatura desde lo que esta ha aportado a aquel, aludiendo a novelas, textos poéticos, obras teatrales y demás manifestaciones literarias, que han contribuido a enriquecer al cine cubano. Hemos hecho referencia asimismo a los mejores textos críticos que se han escrito sobre el particular. Los tres primeros capítulos completan la sección del "acercamiento histórico" que recorre todas las etapas del cine cubano, desde los comienzos del siglo XX hasta 2020.

La segunda sección de este ensayo propone un "acercamiento analítico", desde el punto de vista del aprovechamiento que el cine ha hecho de los recursos y los protagonistas de la literatura cubana, y centrado sobre todo en tres figuras: Alejo Carpentier, Tomás Gutiérrez Alea y Humberto Solás. Se describe, para comenzar, la estrecha relación del autor de El reino de este mundo con el ámbito del cine, las adaptaciones de sus obras, y su huella en el cine actual. Más adelante, se estudian dos aspectos de las obras maestras de Tomás Gutiérrez Alea: Memorias del subdesarrollo y Fresa y chocolate. El primero consiste en una comparación entre las adaptaciones de las dos novelas de Edmundo Desnoes, y el segundo trata la figura del intelectual en Cuba a través de las adaptaciones de Memorias… y del cuento de Senel Paz. Finalmente, se cierra este ensayo con el análisis de los personajes femeninos en tres adaptaciones literarias realizadas por Humberto Solás: Cecilia, Amada y El siglo de las luces.

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Edited by Almudena Cortés Maisonave and Josefina MANJARREZ

Las migraciones contemporáneas tienen lugar en el marco de movilidades geográficas, sociales y simbólicas variadas con fuertes implicaciones en términos de desigualdad y de estratificación global. A lo largo de la historia, las mujeres siempre han migrado, pero su presencia ha sido invisibilizada o mostrada de manera selectiva, parcial y sesgada (Morokvasic, 2011), lo que las presentan más como dependientes, sufrientes y víctimas, que como protagonistas de la migración. Tras décadas de lucha para el desarrollo e implantación de los estudios feministas y de género en la academia y de la incidencia del movimiento amplio de mujeres a nivel global, hoy asistimos a la consolidación de un «campo» de estudios, el de «género y migraciones». Los enfoques feministas han proporcionado un conjunto de conceptos y categorías de análisis que han contribuido a restituir en general la agencia de las mujeres, y en particular, la agencia de las mujeres migrantes. Las diversas perspectivas feministas nos permitan entender cómo las migraciones producen de manera política, histórica y contextual el género, los factores de producción de desigualdades políticas, económicas y socioculturales que inciden en la vida de las mujeres migrantes, así como la variedad de sus experiencias, sus posiciones y sus identidades.

La serie FEM-MOBILITIES es un espacio para la publicación de obras que se centren en estos temas, enfoques y perspectivas feministas de las migraciones y el refugio con el objetivo de constituir un lugar de diálogo y de debate, pero también de controversia constructiva en torno a los principales ejes de producción de desigualdad y las formas de combatirlos.

 

Contemporary migrations take place within the framework of varied geographical, social and symbolic mobilities with strong implications in terms of inequality and global stratification. Throughout history, women have always migrated, but their presence has been invisible or shown in a selective, partial and biased way (Morokvasic, 2011), which presents them more as dependents, sufferers and victims, than as protagonists of the migration. After decades of struggle for the development and implantation of feminist and gender studies in academia and the impact of the broad women's movement at a global level, today we are witnessing the consolidation of a "field" of studies, that of "gender and gender. migrations ». Feminist approaches have provided a set of concepts and categories of analysis that have contributed to restoring the agency of women in general, and in particular, the agency of migrant women. The diverse feminist perspectives allow us to understand how migrations politically, historically and contextually produce gender, the factors of production of political, economic and socio-cultural inequalities that affect the lives of migrant women, as well as the variety of their experiences, their positions and their identities.

The FEM-MOBILITIES series is a space for the publication of works that focus on these feminist themes, approaches and perspectives on migration and refuge, with the aim of constituting a place for dialogue and debate, but also for constructive controversy around to the main axes of production of inequality and the ways to combat them.

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Edited by Almudena Cortés Maisonave and Josefina Manjarrez

Este libro examina los debates sobre los cambios y continuidades de la migración de las mujeres en contextos geográficos, políticos, económicos y socioculturales diversos y las problemáticas emergentes conceptuales, políticas y socioculturales en torno a ella, desde un enfoque feminista y global. Se centra en cómo la movilidad humana contemporánea, entendida en su relación con la perspectiva de género, permite identificar y analizar los factores de producción de desigualdades políticas, económicas y socioculturales provocadas de manera principal por las transformaciones de la globalización neoliberal. La teoría y la práctica feminista proporcionan un marco conceptual y analítico que busca explicar y modificar las desigualdades que sufren las mujeres y en particular de las mujeres migrantes. Las preguntas que guían los trabajos que integran este libro giran en torno a la articulación entre patriarcado, interseccionalidades y violencias para dar cuenta de la manera en la que el neoliberalismo patriarcal construye las relaciones de género y la forma en que se han intensificado las desigualdades en los contextos migratorios a la vez que se abre paso un conjunto de respuestas diversas de la agencia femenina. Por ello, se busca comprender, desde los debates contemporáneos feministas, la manera en que la movilidad se ha transformado recientemente y ha afectado las vidas de las mujeres.

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Edited by Nicholas Brownlees and Nicholas Brownlees

This volume examines the determining role of context in the production and reception of news texts from the seventeenth century until the first half of the twentieth century. The context is understood as historical, social, political, professional, textual and material, with chapters focusing on how such a context or contexts influenced the language and reception of the news texts in question. The contributors to the volume are experts in their field of research and have employed a variety of methodological approaches in their analyses of the interrelationship between context and historical news discourse. These include historical pragmatics, historical discourse analysis, critical discourse analysis, appraisal theory, frame theory, and corpus linguistics.
The volume is divided into three sections: British News Contexts, International News Contexts,  and Advertising Contexts. The first two sections offer a wide-ranging examination of how context has determined the writing and understanding of news in both the British and international domain. The third section in the volume on advertising contexts and discourse is not just justified by the fundamental importance of advertising in the development and history of the press but also by the social and political relevance of the topics examined in the advertisements. These include studies on mental health and asylum advertisements, runaway slaves classified advertisements, and embedded nationalistic content and ideology in Irish newspaper advertisements of the 1930s.
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DANTE, tel le géomètre...

Les arts de la mémoire, l’architecture et l’enjeu de la connaissance dans la culture européenne

Luigi De Poli

Le projet de cet ouvrage est de montrer l'influence de l’œuvre de Dante dans le courant de pensée qui va trouver son essor à la Renaissance, en particulier en Vénétie, et qui aboutira aux Lumières. Un des mots-clés de cette enquête sera la mémoire ainsi que les figures féminines qui ont servi de support à des créations littéraires ou artistiques.

Après avoir défini le terme d'ars memorativa et précisé notre position vis à vis de ces règles, n la première partie montre comment les conseils donnés dans les traités de rhétorique ont pu donner naissance à des personnages ou des situations grotesques dans la Divine Comédie. A la lumière de ces règles, une relecture attentive du poème fait apparaître une structure qui n'est pas fondée sur le nombre 3 et sur la théologie mais sur un nombre plus intime à Dante, celui qu'il attache à Béatrice.

La pratique de l'art de la mémoire ne garantit en rien une réussite poétique et la deuxième partie révèle les échecs d'une mémoire « encombrée » d'images au point que le langage ne parvient plus à en restituer les images. A la Renaissance, l’ouvrage suit les changements que connaît l'ars memorativa et comment elle se met au service de la liberté de pensée en aidant les humanistes à se libérer du dogme. La mémoire et ses figures sont appelées pour déchiffrer les fresques de la villa de Daniele Barbaro à Maser et comprendre l'importance que prendra l'Architecture comme « reine des savoirs ».

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Kenneth J. Yin

Dungan Folktales and Legends is a unique anthology that acquaints English-speaking readers with the rich and captivating folk stories of the Dungans, Chinese-speaking Muslims who fled Northwest China for Russian Central Asia after failure of the Dungan Revolt (1862–1877) against the Qing dynasty. The most comprehensive collection of Dungan folk narratives, available now in English for the first time, this volume features translations of oral narratives collected in the former Soviet Central Asian republics of Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan in the twentieth century, and first published in Dunganskie narodnye skazki i predaniia (1977), which was edited by the internationally renowned Russian sinologist Boris L. Riftin and compiled by his prominent Dungan colleagues Makhmud A. Khasanov and Ilʹias I. Iusupov. The Dungan folk narrative tradition is a vibrant and fascinating tapestry of Chinese, Islamic, and various Central Asian cultural elements.

The present volume is comprised of a chapter introducing the Dungan tale and three chapters containing 78 folk stories organized in the following categories: wonder tales and animal tales; novelistic tales, folk anecdotes, and adventure stories; and legends, historical tales, and narratives. Also included are appendixes, a glossary, an index, the original notes to the texts, and translator’s notes aimed at an English-reading audience. This volume will be of interest to general readers, as well as students and scholars of folklore, ethnography, anthropology, comparative literature, Chinese studies, and Central Asian studies.

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Shouying Liu

Land system reform in China has always been a hot topic and a controversial one. After the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee (2013) issued its “Decision,” people throughout society generally responded well to that part relating to land system reform, but there were also a few dissenting voices. In the face of controversy, the central government determined the principles of land system reform: it set the program, tested it in local pilots, and only then did it apply the reform uniformly, first by enacting the laws, and so on. Under this background, this book goes through the fundamental logic of China’s land system reform since the 1980s and studies the problems this logic has encountered and whether it still works well. Hence, this book covers topics ranging from the historic origin of China’d land system, China’s rural land system and the relationship between China’s urbanization and land system reform. As a famous policy expert in China, the author also provides his own insights into how to find a solution to the land issue in China. This book is suitable for anyone who is interested in the facts and relevant research works of China’s land system reform, especially researchers in similar fields.
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Edited by David N. Coury and Karolin Machtans

Abbas Khider (b. 1973) has established himself as one of the leading literary voices of refugees and marginalised communities in Germany today. Born in Baghdad, Iraq, Khider was at a young age a vocal critic of Saddam Hussein’s regime, during which he was jailed and tortured before fleeing the country. As a refugee, he crossed many countries before arriving in Germany, where he was eventually granted asylum. His own life experiences have served as a departure point for his novels, which similarly explore the refugee experience and the challenges that migrants to Europe face. This volume represents the first collection of essays devoted to Khider’s works to date. The contributions analyse his narrative works and probe important questions relating to political, cultural, and linguistic identity in Germany today. While his works explore what it means to be an immigrant, they do so with a wry sense of humour and an insight into the human condition that also reflect on the political situation in Germany today. His award-winning novels, including Der falsche Inder (2008, The Village Indian, 2013) and Ohrfeige (2016, A Slap in the Face, 2019), which have been translated into English, are discussed in detail. Additionally, an original interview with the author offers insight into his writing process and influences.

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The Fractured Self

Selected German Letters of the Australian-born Violinist Alma Moodie, 1918–1943

Kay Dreyfus

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Reflections on Syntax

Lectures in General Linguistics, Syntax, and Child Language Acquisition

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Joseph Galasso

The lectures in this book are immensely Chomskyan in spirit, recursive-syntactic in nature, and tethered to a framework which takes as the null hypothesis the notion that language is an innate, pre-determined biological system—a system which by definition is multi-complex, human-specific, and analogous to a philosophy highly commensurate of Descartes’ great proverbial adage which announces the calling for a ‘ghost-in-the-machine’. The book begins with a gradual assessment of the kinds of complex constructs students of syntax need to work-up. Leading to the classic ‘Four-Sentences’—each of which bears as a kind of post-mark its own decade of Chomskyan analysis—we trace the origins of generative grammar from the fields of child language acquisition (of the 1960s), to psycholinguistics (of the 1970s), to where we stand today within the Minimalist Program. Various spin-off proposals have been spawned by envisioned analyses which treat syntactic movement as the quintessential human processing—a processing which would give rise to human language. Such spin-offs include ‘Proto-language’ and a new treatment of the so-called morpho-syntactic ‘Dual Mechanism Model’.