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Edited by Gottfried Kratz

Dieser Band vereinigt Beiträge verschiedener Autoren aus Deutschland, Russland und Schottland zu den öffentlichen, militärischen, kirchlichen und akademischen russischen Bibliotheken in Deutschland von der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts bis auf unsere Tage. Am Beginn dieser Darstellungen steht eine systematische Einleitung des Herausgebers, auch mit Hinweis aufneue Funde.

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Media Distortions

Understanding the Power Behind Spam, Noise, and Other Deviant Media

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Elinor Carmi

Media Distortions is about the power behind the production of deviant media categories. It shows the politics behind categories we take for granted such as spam and noise, and what it means to our broader understanding of, and engagement with media. The book synthesizes media theory, sound studies, science and technology studies (STS), feminist technoscience, and software studies into a new composition to explore media power. Media Distortions argues that using sound as a conceptual framework is more useful due to its ability to cross boundaries and strategically move between multiple spaces—which is essential for multi-layered mediated spaces.

Drawing on repositories of legal, technical and archival sources, the book amplifies three stories about the construction and negotiation of the ‘deviant’ in media. The book starts in the early 20th century with Bell Telephone’s production of noise, tuning into the training of their telephone operators and their involvement with the Noise Abatement Commission in New York City. The next story jumps several decades to the early 2000s focusing on web metric standardization in the European Union and shows how the digital advertising industry constructed web-cookies as legitimate communication while making spam illegal. The final story focuses on the recent decade and the way Facebook filters out antisocial behaviors to engineer a sociality that produces more value. These stories show how deviant categories re-draw boundaries between human and non-human, public and private spaces, and importantly, social and antisocial.

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Maryla Hopfinger

This book discusses the direction of changes in contemporary culture at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries in Poland on the example of mutual relationships between literature and the media, such as film, radio, TV and the Internet. The interdisciplinary approach adopted by the author combines literary and media studies with the perspectives of social communication, anthropology and sociology of culture.

The book focuses on topics such as reconfiguration of culture, expansion of the media, situation of literature and the central place of audio-visual parallels (auteur film, TV series, PC games). The author notes that both literature and the media are situated between art and communication today and both share the meta-cultural role of natural languages.

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Edited by Anne Rajala, Daniel Lindblom and Matteo Stocchetti

The globalization and digitalization of cultural markets presents formidable challenges for local cinema and storytelling. The essays in this collection address some of these challenges from the perspective of a critical political economy of local cinema. Inspiring these contributions is the effort of supporting local cinema as a form of valuable storytelling that is at risk of market-driven extinction because of the greater commercial viability of global or Hollywood cinema and national cinema.

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Bullying in the Internet Age

The State of Cyberbullying among Teens in Turkey

Sinan Asci

“Bullying in the Internet Age: The State of Cyberbullying among Teens in Turkey”

specifically addresses cyberbullying as an issue to be discussed in the field of media and

communication for uses and literacy. Cyberbullying has become and is still a fragile

problem with the enhancement of contemporary technologies. To determine why young

individuals are engaged in these behaviors is in its infancy because of ever-changing

technology uses in Turkey, and its theoretical underpinnings are still researched. To put a

finer point on these experiences turning into cyberbullying acts is in need of knowing the

social media uses of young individuals, addressing a necessity in defining what

cyberbullying is within Turkey’s context, and examining the types of cyberbullying which

young individuals are confronted with in detail.

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Edited by Adrian-Silvan Ionescu, Savas Arslan and Marian Tutui

Balkan Cinema is a result of a common cultural space shared by different nations. While operating under a blanket and negative perspective on the region, Balkan filmmakers produced diverse yet comparable narratives creatively responding to their situation. Featuring selected and edited presentations from the Third International Conference on Balkan Cinema 8-10 May 2018 in Bucharest, this volume features how films entangled these issues including wars, national identity, myths, travels, and cultural exchanges. While we share a common Balkan heritage and celebrate peace and coexistence, we are also aware of the fact that our stories are written amidst and through multiple conflicts and wars. The wars and the peace, regardless of when and how they are happening, are ours to share.

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Edited by Hasret Aktaş and Göksel Şimşek

The customer was conceptualized as an individual who was surrounded by products and messages and could make a choice between these products and messages, but now the customer can shape the products and messages that are directed to him with engagement by producing content. The customer not only participates in co-production in visible business processes but also through consumption produces identity, image, meaning, value and experience in the marketplace. This book hereby emerged out of the requirement of collecting theories about researching customer and its behaviors which changes with the interaction social media has created, which has a place to stay in relationship within the distances and timelessness created by speed incident to digitalization.

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Edited by Cathy Fourez and Michèle Guillemont

Este libro presenta periodismos de los extremos latinoamericanos: de América del Norte (México) y América del Sur (Argentina). Los autores son escritores y/o periodistas en plena actividad, reconocidos en su país por su exigencia profesional y su talento, por su respeto al pluralismo de las ideas y algunos, por el riesgo que toman al investigar y al escribir. Dicho volumen consta de algunas crónicas metatextuales que tratan de definir el periodismo escrito hoy, en sus aspectos estéticos y éticos, y que reflexionan sobre la historia del género practicado en Argentina y México a través de experiencias personales. Algunos artículos, por otro lado, apuntan hacia el propio proceso de creación de una narración periodística. Revelan memorias singulares que cuestionan desde lo íntimo la verdad histórica, escriben contra la "cobertura" de hechos sanguinarios relacionados con el crimen organizado, indagan la violencia institucional que tortura y mata, develan el trauma mental y corporal heredado de los regímenes represivos, denuncian un sistema patriarcal, evidencian la relojería de la desigualdad de género, disecan el diálogo conflictivo entre la modernización a ultranza de la sociedad y el radicalismo de ciertas costumbres ancestrales. Otros rescatan relatos de esperanza mediante la potencia cultural de pensadores, creadores y soñadores. Porque en los nuevos periodismos latinoamericanos todo no es sólo violencia. Arraigados en la crónica que descubre mundos, revisten un cariz aventurero por la manera de mirarlos, experimentarlos, reportarlos. Inventan el espacio para, libremente, interpretar, divulgar y discutir aconteceres culturales que van desde las Humanidades a la Ciencia pasando por todas las artes.

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Patricia Medcalf

1959 to 1999 was a pivotal time in the Republic of Ireland’s short history. This book’s journey commences in 1959 when the country had just taken its first steps on the road to internationalization. It concludes 40 years later in 1999, by which time Ireland had metamorphosed into one of the most globalized countries in the world. Inevitably, many of the country’s cultural and societal norms were challenged. The author charts many of the changes that occurred over the course of those years by piecing together a large number of the ads held in the Guinness Archive. Just as Irishness, cultural specificity and the provenance of Guinness formed an integral part of these ads, so too did the growing prevalence of international cultural tropes. The book seeks to interrogate the following: the influence of the Guinness brand’s provenance on advertising campaigns aimed at consumers living in Ireland; the evolution of cultural signs used in Guinness’s advertising campaigns aimed at consumers in Ireland between 1959 and 1999; the extent to which Ireland’s social and economic history might be recounted through the lens of Guinness’s ads; the extent to which Guinness’s advertising might have influenced Irish culture and society.

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Fake News

Real Issues in Modern Communication

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Edited by Russell Chun and Susan J. Drucker

In this dizzying post-truth, post-fact, fake news era, the onslaught and speed of potentially untrue, incorrect, or fabricated information (some crafted and weaponized, some carelessly shared) can cause a loss of our intellectual bearings. If we fail to have a common truthful basis for discussions of opinion and policy, the integrity of our democracy is at risk.

This up-to-date anthology is designed to provide a survey of technological, ethical, and legal issues raised by falsehoods, particularly social media misinformation. The volume explores visual and data dissemination, business practices, international perspectives, and case studies. With misinformation and misleading information being propagated using a variety of media such as memes, data, charts, photos, tweets, posts, and articles, an understanding of the theory, mechanisms, and changing communication landscape is essential to move in the right direction with academic, industry, and government initiatives to inoculate ourselves from the dangers of fake news. The book takes an international and multidisciplinary approach with contributions from media studies, journalism, computer science, the law, and communication, making it distinct among books on fake news.

This book is essential for graduate or undergraduate students in courses dealing with fake news and communication studies. Relevant courses include media studies, journalism, public relations, media ethics, media law, social media, First Amendment law, philosophy, and political science.