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Edited by Ladislaus Ludescher

Mit «Grenzen, Wenden und Zäsuren» liegt nach «Grenzüberschreitungen und Wendepunkte» der zweite Sammelband der Interdisziplinären Vortragsreihe (IVR) Heidelberg vor.

Aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven beschäftigen sich die Autoren, deren wissenschaftliche Diversität die Mannigfaltigkeit der Beiträge widerspiegelt, mit Themen aus der Germanistik, Geschichte, Kultur- und Literaturgeschichte, Linguistik, Literaturwissenschaft, Philosophie, Politik, Psychologie und Theologie.

Das Themenspektrum reicht von der Identität der Krypto-Muslime im Spanien der Frühen Neuzeit, über Wolfgang Herrndorf als Stimmungskünstler, Papst Franziskus und die Flüchtlinge, Stereotype und Rassismus sowie über Trauer- und Gedenkrituale im öffentlichen Raum bis zum Freiheitsbegriff der Fernsehserie Breaking Bad.

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Appropriating Thomas Jefferson, 1929-1945

We Are All Jeffersonians Now

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Caroline Heller

This study counters the view that Franklin D. Roosevelt hegemonically exalted Thomas Jefferson to iconic dominance during the Great Depression. It analyzes the diversity of those who appropriated Jefferson to find answers to the socio-economic crisis and modern industrial capitalism. This discourse analysis, spanning the ideological spectrum between 1929–1945, reveals that the creation of the Jefferson icon—in various forms of representation—generated counterhegemonic varieties of Jefferson because the appropriators grafted their values onto the historical figure which led to its transformation. These competing versions of Jefferson expressed a reformed sense of national values not only through commonalities but through the flexibility of interpretative and representational differences.

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Building Family Identity

The Orsini Castle of Bracciano from Fiefdom to Duchy (1470–1698)

Edited by Paolo Alei and Max Grossman

The Orsini of Bracciano were among the most powerful and influential signori di castelli of early modern Italy, controlling a vast domain that stretched from the Tyrrehenian Sea to the mountains of Abruzzo. This book explores the construction and decoration of their principal headquarters north of Rome between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries as well as the careers and artistic patronage of its leaders, who included captains, condottieri, cardinals and urban aristocrats. The castle is one of the largest in Latium and was once a centre of courtly culture and diplomacy, hosting princes, kings and popes. Today it boasts many beautifully preserved artworks of the Renaissance era, including frescos by Antoniazzo Romano and the Zuccari brothers.

The contributors to this study investigate the castle as a visual expression of the family identity of its builders. They trace its evolution from the fortified capital of a large fiefdom at the dawn of the age of artillery to the palatial residence of a ducal dynasty in the aftermath of the Italian Wars. Richly illustrated with numerous historic and new photographs, this book analyses a fascinating and mostly neglected facet of early modern Italian culture: the artistic patronage of seigniorial clans.

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Cinéphilies et sériephilies 2.0

Les nouvelles formes d’attachement aux images

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Edited by Mélanie Boissonneau and Laurent Jullier

Enfin ! Depuis l’avènement d’Internet, les 99,9% d’amoureux des films et des séries qui n’exercent pas la profession de critique peuvent se faire entendre... Mieux, ils peuvent passer sans effort de la position devant à la position depuis : s’asseoir devant un écran et s’exprimer depuis un écran sont en effet devenus deux attitudes communes. Les films et les séries arrivent sur les terminaux domestiques ; tout de suite après et quelquefois même pendant leur diffusion, les avis et les analyses partent en sens inverse. Une autre nouveauté consiste en la diversification de la parole critique, confinée jusqu’ici à l’écrit ou aux conversations éphémères. Internet et la démocratisation des machines qui accompagne son essor ajoutent aux mots toutes sortes d’images, de sons et de manipulations audiovisuelles, laissant là encore loin derrière le modèle séculaire du critique professionnel écrivant son papier.

Comment étudier ces bouleversements ? Comment réagir devant l’abondance des critiques postées, la variété de leurs formes d’expression, l’interactivité qu’elles engendrent, sans parler du rapport à la professionnalisation qu’entretiennent leurs auteurs, surtout quand ils atteignent le statut de « vlogueur » vedette ? Une seule manière possible : l’interdisciplinarité. Le présent ouvrage réunit donc les contributions de spécialistes en provenance de champs divers (sociologie, Gender et Cultural Studies, Sciences de l’information-communication, etc.), sans oublier les acteurs les plus en vue de cette révolution de la parole critique, les « vlogueurs ».

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Constance Naden

Scientist, Philosopher, Poet

Clare Stainthorp

Constance Naden (1858–1889) is a unique voice in Victorian literature and science. This book, the first full-length critical account of her life and works, brings into focus the reciprocal nature of Naden’s poetry, philosophical essays and scientific studies. The development of Naden’s thinking is explored in detail, with newly discovered unpublished poems and notes from her adolescence shedding important light upon this progression.

Close readings of Naden’s wide-ranging corpus of poetry and prose trace her commitment to an interdisciplinary world-scheme that sought unity in diversity. This book demonstrates how a rigorous scientific education, a thorough engagement with poetry and philosophy of the long nineteenth century, an involvement with the Victorian radical atheist movement, and a comic sensibility each shaped Naden’s intellectual achievements. Naden sought to show how the light of reason is made even brighter by the spark of poetic creation and how the imagination is as much a tool of the scientist and the philosopher as the artist.

Taking a comprehensive approach to this complex and overlooked figure of the Victorian period, Stainthorp demonstrates how Naden’s texts provide a new and important vantage point from which to consider synthetic thinking as a productive and creative force within nineteenth-century intellectual culture.

This book was the winner of the 2017 Peter Lang Young Scholars Competition in Nineteenth-Century Studies.

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Mostafa Azizpour Shoobie

Cosmopolitanism in the Indian English Novel argues that select novels by Indian writers in English largely present a kind of micro-cosmopolitanism that preserves nation as a primary site for social and cultural formation while opening it up to critique. During colonial times, local cultural expression wrestled with the global as represented by the systems of empire. The ideal subject or literary work was one that could happily inhabit both ends of the center-periphery in a kind of cosmopolitan space determined by imperial metropolitan and local elite cultures. As colonies liberated themselves, new national formations had to negotiate a mix of local identity, residual colonial traits, and new forces of global power. New and more complex cosmopolitan identities had to be discovered, and writers and texts reflecting these became correspondingly more problematic to assess, as old centralisms gave way to new networks of cultural control. This book contends that novels written in the context of the postcolonial cultural politics after the successful attainment of national independence question how a nation is to be made while recognizing its relation to globalization. The strong waves of globalization enforce sociological, political, and economic values in developing countries that may not be readily acceptable in those societies.

Cosmopolitanism in the Indian English Novel focuses on three novelists in particular: Arundhati Roy, Kiran Desai, and Aravind Adiga, all of whom have received the prestigious Man Booker Prize for their work. Despite the varied but broadly elite cosmopolitan positions of these writers, they all depict characters working toward a cosmopolitanism from the grassroots, rather than through a top-down practice. Furthermore, these writers and their works, to varying degrees, turn a suspicious eye to the effects (cultural, economic, or otherwise) of globalization as a phenomenon that can prevent possibilities for more fluid forms of belonging and border-crossing. Cosmopolitanism in the Indian English Novel should appeal to researchers in cultural studies interested in Indian English fiction and/or the form and function of cosmopolitanism in a rapidly globalizing postcolonial world.

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Dubbing and Subtitling

The China Experience

Zhengqi Ma and Zheng Xie

The first summarization in English of 70 years of film and television translation and production in China. The first academic retrospect and innovation of audiovisual translation studies for the world’s largest movie and television audience. A product based on more than 20 years of successful teaching and award winning translation experiences.

This book offers the world academia, translation practitioners, students a first chance to look at how the industry began and developed in China, the challenges it is facing, and the prospect that lies ahead. It also gives a rare look at the independently developed theories and guidance for practice that are unique to English-Chinese translation. Until very recently, academic researchers have had very little exchanges with the outside world on the subject of movie and TV translation. Interestingly, readers could find the two independently developed schools of AVT translation studies are meeting each other at the cross road.

This book could serve as a text book for both graduate and undergraduate students who have an interest in AVT, especially movie and TV translation studies. It also aims to help amateur translators who wish to enhance their translation. It also endeavors to become a reference for academic researchers in both translation and intercultural studies. Although this book is dedicated to China’s experiences, its theories, principles, and guidelines could serve a more general purpose.

China’s dream works industry is witnessing an unprecedented boom, a blockbuster could easily rake in a box office revenue of tens of billions of dollars. Translated movies are taking a large share of the boom. That has not included the countless Online sharing of movies and TV productions translated by fansubbers. A lucrative and growing translation market both from foreign language audiovisual production to Chinese and the other way round makes this book particularly relevant to current cultural exchanges between the fastest growing economy, one of the largest audiovisual consuming market and producers worldwide.

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Edited by Freda Mishan

Situated within the context of unprecedented levels of inward migration to the UK and Ireland bringing with it all the complexities of integration, this volume focuses on a key aspect of this - language provision. Through the voices of stakeholders in the field of teaching English to speakers of other languages (ESOL), this volume critically examines models of language provision and integration, the relationship between language and identity, developing ESOL practices and ESOL policy. A distinctive feature is the diversity of contributions, ranging from research studies to vignettes presenting living portraits of ESOL practice on the ground. The volume fills an urgent gap in this area, offering a snapshot of the ‘state of the art’ of ESOL in the UK and Ireland and projections of how the needs of new migrants can be addressed into the future.

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Global South Powers in Transition

A Comparative Analysis of Mexico and South Africa

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Edited by Deon Geldenhuys and Humberto González

Employing a novel collaborative transnational methodology, this ground-breaking book presents the first comprehensive and systematic comparison of Mexico and South Africa. Although geographically, historically and diplomatically far apart, Mexico and South Africa are ambitious and influential powers in the Global South and also experience wide-ranging domestic transitions. A binational team of 26 researchers from the two countries, all specialists in their respective disciplines, probe the transitions that Mexico and South Africa are undergoing in areas such as socio-cultural diversity, domestic politics, economic development, labour dynamics, social and territorial inequality, food security, crime and violence, and foreign relations. The detailed country studies allow the authors to identify striking similarities but also profound differences between the two societies. In so doing, the book helps to explain Mexico and South Africa to each other but also to the world at large.

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L'Arménie entre la Russie et l'Occident

Quelle évolution dans un environnement complexe ?

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Anna Mkhoyan

En 2018 la Révolution de velours, pacifique dans son déroulement, amène au pouvoir son leader Nikol Pashinyan, dans un pays qui a déjà parcouru du chemin depuis sa souveraineté en 1991. C’est à cette Arménie que s’intéresse cette monographie : comment se place-t-elle par rapport à la Russie et les puissances occidentales, telles que l’Union européenne (UE) ou l’OTAN, et pourquoi ? 

Cette étude débute par une partie introductive sur les relations entre la Russie et l’Occident, le champ politique de l’espace post-soviétique étant dominé par ces acteurs et les instruments qu’ils proposent aux Nouveaux États indépendants (NEI). Dans un second temps, l’ouvrage s’intéresse aux évolutions et alignements distincts des NEI dans le système international. Ainsi, les votes de l’Arménie à l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies démontrent une position plus proche de celle de la Russie que de l’UE. Dans ce cadre, une étude des relations russo-arméniennes est proposée dans la troisième partie, afin d’expliquer les choix de politique extérieure de l’Arménie. Enfin, le livre se termine par une réflexion sur une éventuelle exception arménienne dans le Caucase du Sud en matière de coopération avec l’UE et l’OTAN compte tenu de la proximité des relations russo-arméniennes.